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1/112. Ovarian carcinoma, endometrial carcinoma, and pregnancy.

    A 31-year-old G1 P0 patient with a history of infertility presented with light spotting and cramping at the end of her first trimester. An ultrasonogram at 19 weeks gestation revealed an intrauterine gestation of 21 weeks, a large leiomyoma, and a 8.9 x 6.8 cm complex left ovarian mass. At 35 weeks gestation she had an emergency cesarean section and left salpingo-oophorectomy due to a presumed ruptured ovarian mass. The ovarian mass was diagnosed as a serous cystadenocarcinoma. An exploratory laparotomy with a total abdominal hysterectomy, a right salpingo-oophorectomy, omental biopsy, and periaortic node sampling at 9 weeks postpartum revealed a diagnosis of stage IC ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma and a stage IA secretory endometrial adenocarcinoma. Adjunctive 32P therapy was successfully administered and at this time the patient has had no recurrence. ( info)

2/112. Conservative surgery in a young patient with peritoneal psammocarcinoma.

    Psammocarcinoma is a rare epithelial neoplasm of the ovary and peritoneum. The reported management of patients with this tumor includes radical surgery and chemotherapy. We report the case of a young woman with metastatic psammocarcinoma treated with conservative surgery who is alive 6.5 years following positive second-look laparotomy. ( info)

3/112. Serous adenocarcinoma of the uterus presenting as paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration.

    paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration is a rare complication of cancer and is most frequently associated with lung, ovary, and breast cancers as well as Hodgkins lymphoma. A 74-year-old female with a past history of breast cancer presented with vomiting, ataxia, slurred speech, and dizziness. Her serum chemistry, thyroid and liver function tests, acetylcholine antibodies, serum cortisol, CT, and MRI imaging were all normal. serum testing for anti-YO antibodies was positive. Further evaluation including CT of the abdomen and pelvis revealed endometrial thickening. Subsequently, an endometrial biopsy showed a poorly differentiated serous adenocarcinoma. Surgical staging was consistent with a stage IIIc serous adenocarcinoma of the uterus. The risk factors, symptoms, signs, differential diagnosis, and clinical and antibody associations of the paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration syndrome are reviewed. In addition, an efficient approach to the diagnostic evaluation of such patients is proposed. ( info)

4/112. Primary peritoneal psammocarcinoma: A case presenting with an upper abdominal mass and elevated CA-125.

    Primary peritoneal serous adenocarcinoma with predominating psammoma bodies, psammocarcinoma, is a very rare tumor with only seven cases documented in the English literature. Pathological classification of this entity was established in 1990 and clinical behavior of this tumor is uncertain. Based on limited data these tumors appear to behave similarly to low malignant potential tumors of the ovary. This case describes a 59-year-old woman who underwent exploratory laparotomy for a large upper abdominal cystic mass. Findings included a large tumor mass involving the gastrocolic omentum and dense small bowel adhesions. The patient had normal ovaries and was debulked to no macroscopic disease. Final pathologic diagnosis confirmed a stage IIIC primary peritoneal psammocarcinoma. The patient has received no adjunctive therapy and is without evidence of disease 2 years after surgery. Primary peritoneal psammocarcinoma is a neoplasm which can mimic serous adenocarcinoma of the ovary. In contrast, primary peritoneal psammocarcinoma appears to behave in an indolent fashion. Primary surgical debulking should be attempted, while the utility of postoperative chemotherapy remains unknown. ( info)

5/112. Long-term consequences following conservative management of epithelial ovarian cancer in an infertile patient.

    A 35-year-old woman with primary infertility underwent an ovarian cystectomy for a 5 x 4 cm left adnexal mass. There was no macroscopic evidence of metastatic disease. The final pathology report revealed a poorly differentiated serous cystadenocarcinoma. Because the patient desired to retain child-bearing capacity, she refused a surgical staging of her ovarian cancer. She elected to receive combination chemotherapy. This was then followed by a negative reassessment laparotomy. The patient was diagnosed with recurrent, metastatic ovarian carcinoma 10 years later. ( info)

6/112. A case of thrombopoietin-producing ovarian carcinoma confirmed by immunohistochemistry.

    A case of ovarian carcinoma with thrombopoietin production is reported. A 49-year-old Japanese woman had serous cystadenocarcinoma of the right ovary with peritoneal spread. The platelet count was elevated to 432 x 10(9)/L. enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of the serum demonstrated remarkably high levels of thrombopoietin (2.96 fmol/ml). Immunohistochemical examination using an antibody specific for thrombopoietin revealed positive staining in the carcinoma cells, confirming thrombopoietin production. ( info)

7/112. Anti-Yo positive paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration associated with ovarian carcinoma: case report and review of the literature.

    paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD) is a rare nonmetastatic neurological complication in cancer patients. Anti-Yo is one of the anti-onconeural antibodies found in PCD patients. It is believed that anti-Yo occurs almost always in women and is most likely associated with gynecologic or breast cancers, although exceptions exist. Here we report a PCD patient with ovarian cancer having high-titer anti-Yo. The acute onset of her PCD symptoms mimicked that of a stroke. Her ovarian cancer tissue contained abundant plasma cells and lymphocytes. After a thorough review of the literature, we propose a schematic hypothesis for the autoimmune pathogenesis of PCD. Despite anecdotal case reports of neurological improvement with different combinations of treatment, including IVIg, there is still no definitely effective treatment for PCD. Further research on the pathogenesis of PCD may lead to more effective therapies. ( info)

8/112. Hemorrhagic pyelitis, ureteritis, and cystitis secondary to cyclophosphamide: case report and review of the literature.

    OBJECTIVE: Hemorrhagic cystitis is a well-known complication of cyclophosphamide therapy but extensive involvement of the entire urinary tract is far less common. We report here a patient who developed severe hemorrhagic pyelitis, ureteritis, and cystitis after one cycle of cyclophosphamide-containing combination chemotherapy. METHOD: A patient with synchronous carcinoma of the ovary and the uterus developed severe hemorrhagic pyelitis, ureteritis, and cystitis leading to bilateral hydronephroses and acute renal failure after one cycle of combination chemotherapy containing cyclophosphamide. The blood clots in the upper urinary tract were aspirated endoscopically and bilateral internal ureteric stents were inserted. RESULT: She underwent a prolonged diuretic phase with several episodes of hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, and hypocalcemia and required intensive fluid and electrolytes replacement. Subsequently, she recovered fully with the ureteric stents removed 26 days later. CONCLUSION: In contrast to previous reports, where 2.8 g of cyclophosphamide was estimated to be the minimum cumulative dose required to cause hemorrhagic cystitis, this case illustrates that severe hemorrhagic complication can occur even after a low dose of cyclophosphamide (600 mg/m(2), total dose of 846 mg). Prompt diagnosis and intervention may be life-saving. ( info)

9/112. Ovarian carcinoma metastatic to the breast.

    We report the case history of a patient with ovarian carcinoma and bilateral breast metastases. The presence of metastases to the breast from a primary ovarian carcinoma, diagnosed at initial presentation, is a rarity. ( info)

10/112. Solitary splenic recurrence of ovarian cancer: case report and review of the literature.

    We report a rare case of solitary recurrence of ovarian cancer in the spleen which developed 4 years after initial treatment. Only six cases have been reported in the literature and all were serous carcinoma. Our patient had a splenectomy without any complications but developed a liver metastasis 10 months after splenectomy. ( info)
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