Cases reported "Cystadenocarcinoma"

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11/16. Cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma of the liver: localization of carcinoembryonic antigen.

    Cystadenomas and cystadenocarcinomas of the liver are rare tumors. The distribution of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in two cystadenomas and a cystadenocarcinoma was examined immunohistochemically by the peroxidase-labeled antibody method, at the light microscopic level. In the cystadenomas and areas consisting of benign-appearing cells in the cystadenocarcinoma, CEA was localized to the luminal surfaces of the glandular cells appearing as thin linear stains. In malignant epithelial cells forming nests and daughter cysts of the cystadenocarcinoma, CEA was demonstrated throughout the cytoplasm, in a diffuse pattern. Thus, the immunohistochemical localization of CEA may be helpful in the diagnosis of borderline lesions and in determining the distribution of benign and malignant epithelium in cystadenocarcinomas. The etiology, clinical features, pathology and treatment of these rare tumors are discussed.
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12/16. Testicular and paratesticular tumors and tumor-like lesions of ovarian common epithelial and mullerian types. A report of four cases and review of the literature.

    Three new and eleven previously reported testicular or paratesticular tumors that resembled ovarian tumors of common epithelial type are discussed. The 14 tumors occurred in patients ages 11-68 (average 47) years of age. The exact location for 12 of the tumors is known; 5 involved primarily the testicular parenchyma, 3, the tunica vaginalis, and 4, paratesticular tissue. Five tumors were serous, four of which were in the borderline category. Four tumors were Brenner tumors, admixed in one case with an adenomatoid tumor. Single examples of mucinous cystadenoma, mucinous cystadenocarcinoma, endometrioid adenoacanthoma, clear cell adenocarcinoma, and a benign tumor of mixed cell types complete the list. Follow-up of from 3 months to 14 years is available in eight cases; only one tumor, the clear cell adenocarcinoma, is known to have been clinically malignant. A fourth lesion in this article was a paratesticular mass composed of endometrial glands and stroma and bundles of smooth muscle. It arose in an 82-year-old man who had been treated with estrogens for prostatic adenocarcinoma.
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13/16. The use of radiolabelled monoclonal antibodies to human milk fat globule membrane antigens in antibody-guided tumour imaging, and administration of therapeutic dose of labelled antibody in wide-spread ovarian carcinoma. A preliminary report.

    Monoclonal antibodies generated against human milk fat globule membrane antigens were used in antibody-guided tumour imaging and palliative therapy in a case of wide-spread ovarian carcinoma. Antibody III H 2, which previously has been shown to react with 100% of ovarian cystadenocarcinomas showed a strong reactivity with tissue sections obtained from the primary and metastatic tumours of the patient. immunoglobulins were purified from mouse ascitic fluid containing III H 2 and labelled with 123I or 131I with the iodogen method. 80 MBq (2 mCi) of 123I-labelled antibody was given intraperitoneally in 500 ml of PBS and the uptake of radiolabel was followed daily with emission tomography. Radiolabel was mainly located in the peritoneal cavity; only a very low activity was seen in the thyroid gland and urinary bladder. A therapeutic dose consisting of 600 MBq (15 mCi) of 131I-labelled antibody was followed nine days later and the localization of the antibody was followed.
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14/16. hypercalcemia with ovarian carcinoma: evidence of a pathogenetic role for prostaglandins.

    A 70-year-old white woman had a lower abdominal mass and hypercalcemia. Physical and radiologic evidence was found for the presence of nonmetastatic pelvic tumor. Biochemical tests confirmed the presence of hypercalcemia with evidence of active bone resorption. plasma parathyroid hormone (PTH) and the nephrogenic urinary cyclic amp excretion were low; levels of plasma prostaglandins were elevated. Bone biopsy revealed histologic evidence of extensive osteoclastic bone resorption. At operation, a papillary serous cystadenocarcinoma of the ovary was removed. Postoperatively, the serum calcium fell to normal, and plasma prostaglandins became undetectable. Short-term incubation of ovarian tumor fragments demonstrated the production by tumor tissue of a substance causing bone resorption in an in vitro bioassay. The production of this substance was blocked by indomethacin. radioimmunoassay of the incubation medium revealed significant amounts of prostaglandins of the E F series. parathyroid hormone was not detected in the medium. These data implicate tumor-produced prostaglandins as mediators of the hypercalcemia in this patient.
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15/16. cystadenocarcinoma of the ovary in a 4-year-old: benign transformation during therapy.

    Ovarian tumors comprise only 1% of all tumors in females below the age of 17 years. Of these, the epithelial tumors are the least common, being particularly rare before puberty and then increasing in frequency with advancing age after puberty. The youngest girl previously reported in the literature with an epithelial ovarian tumor was a 9-year-old child with an ovarian papillary cystadenocarcinoma. This is the only case thus far reported of a malignant ovarian epithelial tumor occurring before puberty. Only histologically benign appearing glands were detected in the resected tumor masses, on a second-look laparotomy following the use of multiagent chemotherapy.
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16/16. Biliary cystadenocarcinoma arising in a cystadenoma. Report of a case diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology.

    Hepatic cyst fluid cytology tends to yield disappointing results. We report a case of a 56-year-old woman with a biliary cystadenocarcinoma diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology. Computed tomography scans had shown a solitary, unilocular hepatic cyst over a five-year period. There was a recent increase in the size and development of a mural echogenic focus. Cytologic examination revealed clusters of malignant glandular cells in a background of cellular debris and mucinophages. The resected specimen confirmed the presence of an adenocarcinoma arising from malignant transformation of a preexisting cystadenoma.
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