Cases reported "Cystadenoma"

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1/99. Benign pancreatic tumor treated with duodenum-preserving resection of the head of the pancreas. Case report.

    Cystic neoplasms of the pancreas constitute about 9% of all cystic lesions of the pancreas and less than 1% of all pancreatic neoplasms. Authors report the case of a 70 year-old woman with microcystic cystadenoma. Computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen diagnosed a 5 cm multilocular septated cyst, with calcifications in the context, localized in the head-uncinate process of the pancreas. The mass was well separated by a sharp cleavage plane with portal vein and superior mesenteric vessels. An endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) showed cephalic symmetrical stenosis (diameter: 3 mm) of the main pancreatic duct (MPD), mildly dilated in the remaining tract (diameter: 6 mm). An intra-operative biopsy of the cystic wall had been performed. Therefore, it was decided to proceed with a duodenum-preserving resection of the head of the pancreas (DPPHR), including stenosis tract of the MPD in the surgical specimen. The reconstructive procedure consisted, by i.v. jejunal loop transposition, of a side-to-side pancreatico-jejunostomy, including in the anastomosis both corpocaudal stump and the resection cavity of the pancreatic head, and an end-to-side Roux-en-Y jejuno-jejunostomy. With respect to long-lasting pain relief and preservation of the endocrine and exocrine functions of the pancreas, duodenum-preserving resection of the head of the pancreas is a highly effective surgical procedure with low early and late morbidity and mortality due to limited surgical resections. This technique, introduced into surgical practice in 1972 by Beger, is indicated in patients with chronic pancreatitis with an inflammatory mass in the head of the pancreas. The authors conclude that this procedure can also be performed in cases of pancreatic benign tumors, such as microcystic cystadenoma. Advantages of this technique make DPPHR an attractive alternative to pylorus-preserving pancreatico-duodenectomy (PPPD).
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2/99. Supine hypotensive syndrome caused by intra-abdominal mass: a case report.

    An obese woman who presented with 3 separate intra-abdominal masses developed a supine hypotensive syndrome following induction of general anesthesia. The hypotension was corrected by positioning the patient in a left lateral tilt and by releasing intra-abdominal pressure. Following decompression of the vena cava, arterial and central venous pressure rose and remained at a high level. urine output was poor until IV furosemide was administered.
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3/99. Mucin Hypersecreting Intraductal Papillary Neoplasm of the pancreas.

    Mucin Hypersecreting Intraductal Papillary Neoplasm is a rare neoplasm that arises from ductal epithelial cells. This entity is distinct from the more commonly known Mucinous cystadenoma or Mucinous cystadenocarcinoma. Despite this distinction, it has been erroneously categorized with these more common cystic neoplasms. Characteristic clinical presentation, radiographic, and endoscopic findings help distinguish this neoplasm from the cystadenomas and cystadenocarcinomas. Histopathologic identification is not crucial to the preoperative diagnosis. This neoplasm is considered to represent a premalignant condition and, therefore, surgical resection is warranted. prognosis, following resection, is felt to be curative for the majority of patients. We present two cases of Mucin Hypersecreting Intraductal Papillary Neoplasm and discuss their diagnosis and surgical therapy.
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4/99. Primary smooth muscle tumor of the liver encasing hepatobiliary cystadenoma without mesenchymal stroma.

    We describe a 59-year-old Japanese woman with a large mass of her liver encasing cystic components. Radiologic imaging showed the mass to be hypervascular, and surgical resection disclosed a white tumor. The solid portion was immunohistochemically characterized as a smooth muscle tumor. The cystic components were multilocular and lined with columnar epithelium, consistent with a hepatobiliary cystadenoma. The epithelium strongly stained for CA19-9. The subepithelial space was occupied by collagenous connective tissue interspersed with a small number of spindle-shaped cells. The cystic lesions lacked the mesenchymal stroma between the epithelium and connective tissue layer. There have been no previous reports of a hepatic smooth muscle tumor encasing a hepatobiliary cystadenoma. Because of the pathogenesis of the cystadenoma, it is possible to assume that the smooth muscle tumor also arose from the cells composing the biliary duct in association with the development of the cystadenoma.
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5/99. A chylous cyst of the mesentery: report of a case.

    A case is presented of an adult chylous cyst of the mesentery that was preoperatively diagnosed to be a pancreatic cystadenoma. A 66-year-old asymptomatic male was followed up for 15 months under the diagnosis of a benign pancreatic cyst. On October 1997, computed tomography showed a 45 x 40 mm cystic mass in the upper abdomen which came in contact with the pancreas. Endoscopic ultrasonography revealed a multilocular mass with a 7 x 4 mm elevated lesion. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography revealed the cystic mass to be unrelated to the pancreatic duct. The preoperative diagnosis was a pancreatic cystadenoma or cystadenocarcinoma. A laparotomy showed a 50 x 40 mm cystic mass containing chylous fluid, that arose from the mesentery of the upper part of the jejunum. The pathological diagnosis was a chylous cyst of the mesentery. The preoperative diagnosis in this case was very difficult because the chylous cyst appeared to be attached to the pancreas and this phenomenon is considered to be extremely rare.
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6/99. Intra-epidermal and intra-dermal sebocrine adenoma with cystic degeneration and hemorrhage.

    BACKGROUND: The ducts of eccrine glands may give rise to intra-epidermal, confluent epithelial and intra-dermal adenomas known as hidroacanthoma simplex, eccrine poroma, and dermal duct tumor, respectively. An apocrine and sebaceous counterpart of the eccrine poroma has been described by several authors as adnexal, poroma-like adenoma with apocrine and sebaceous differentiation or sebocrine adenoma. methods: Using clinical history and routine histologic techniques, we describe a new lesion with features similar to sebocrine adenoma but representing the intra-epidermal and intra-dermal counterparts with cystic degeneration and hemorrhage. Briefly, an 84-year-old female presented with a 6 mm dark tan papule on the neck that clinically appeared as an unusual macular seborrheic keratosis with underlying hemorrhage. RESULTS: Histopathological examination showed a benign dermal cystic appendage tumor with pale polygonal cells, occasional non-keratinizing ducts, sebaceous differentiation and central hemorrhage with fibrin deposits. Serial sections did not reveal any epidermal connection. However, epithelioid cells with large nuclei in an intra-epidermal pagetoid pattern were focally seen. CONCLUSION: These findings represent a new cystic, hemorrhagic variant of sebocrine adenoma.
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7/99. Hepatobiliary cystadenoma with mesenchymal stroma mimicking hydatid cyst. Report of a case.

    We report on a case of hepatobiliary cystadenoma with mesenchymal stroma in a 44-year-old Caucasian woman who presented with upper abdominal discomfort. Ultrasound (US) and computed tomography (CT) showed a cystic mass resembling hydatid cyst. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) demonstrated communication with the left hepatic duct. At surgery, a cystic mass with communication to the left hepatic duct was found and resected en bloc with a margin of normal liver tissue. Histological examination showed a hepatobiliary cystadenoma with mesenchymal stroma.
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8/99. Congenital cystadenoma of the tongue in a neonate case report with review of literature.

    We present a congenital cystadenoma of the tongue in a neonate, which presented at birth. Cystadenomas are uncommon tumors that form from salivary gland duct tissue and are more commonly seen in adults. This is the youngest case to be reported in the English literature. A review of literature with differential diagnosis and management is presented.
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9/99. Hepatobiliary cystadenoma combined with multiple liver cysts: report of a case.

    Hepatobiliary cystadenomas are rare benign tumors with malignant potential. They are almost always solitary lesions accompanied by multilocular cysts in the liver, and are difficult to differentiate from cystadenocarcinoma, despite the diagnostic modalities available. This report describes a case of hepatobiliary cystadenoma with multiple cysts in the left hepatic lobe, diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging in a 48-year-old woman. Abdominal computed tomography revealed only multiple cystic lesions in the left lobe, but cholangiography via a nasogastric biliary drainage tube combined with percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography showed a stenotic region with fine irregularity in the left lateral posterior segmental bile duct and left lateral anterior segmental bile duct. Hepatobiliary cystadenocarcinoma with multiple liver cysts was suspected. We performed left hepatectomy, and microscopic examination confirmed a diagnosis of hepatic cystadenoma with multiple liver cysts. There was no nuclear atypia or mitosis in the epithelium of the locus, which was constructed of simple columnar-to-cuboidal epithelium with basal nuclei. The patient is well without recurrence more than 4 years after surgery.
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ranking = 2
keywords = duct
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10/99. Sialadenoma papilliferum of the hard palate: report of 2 cases and immunohistochemical evaluation.

    This study reports on the clinical and histologic features of 2 previously unreported cases of sialadenoma papilliferum. Immunohistochemical analysis of one of the cases demonstrated that the ductal cell component shows both epithelial and myoepithelial differentiation.
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