Cases reported "Cystitis"

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1/17. Adenovirus pyelonephritis in a pediatric renal transplant patient.

    Gross hematuria, graft pain, and rising serum creatinine are classic signs of acute rejection, obstruction, or bacterial pyelonephritis for patients with renal transplants. This presentation often prompts percutaneous renal allograft biopsy. If subsequent evaluation fails to show evidence of acute rejection, obstruction, or bacterial infection, viral etiologies should be considered. We report a 14-year-old Hispanic female with a living-related renal transplant who had gross hematuria, graft tenderness, and increased serum creatinine, but did not have evidence of acute rejection, obstruction, or bacterial pyelonephritis. To our knowledge, this is the first report of adenovirus pyelonephritis in a transplanted kidney of a pediatric patient, with isolation of adenovirus in the urine and in the allograft using immunocytochemical techniques.
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keywords = pyelonephritis
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2/17. Emphysematous renal tract disease due to aspergillus fumigatus.

    Emphysematous renal tract disease (ERTD) is a rare necrotizing infection of renal parenchyma and/or urinary tract caused by gas producing organisms. A case of acute emphysematous renal tract disease (ERTD) (emphysematous pyelonephritis along with emphysematous cystitis) caused by aspergillus fumigatus in a non-diabetic patient, who did not apparently have any risk factor for fungal infection, is presented. Patient had refused for any surgical intervention. He was treated successfully with liposomal amphotericin b and 5-flucytosin and achieved complete recovery. Various causes of ERTD and available therapeutic options are discussed.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = pyelonephritis
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3/17. Acute renal failure in adults with uncomplicated acute pyelonephritis: case reports and review.

    Acute renal failure is a rare complication of acute pyelonephritis in patients who do not have urinary obstruction. Although urinary tract infections are common in adults, pyelonephritis is rarely considered in the differential diagnosis of acute renal failure nor is renal failure considered a likely consequence of bacteriuria. In this review, the cases of acute renal failure caused by acute pyelonephritis that have been reported in the last quarter century are examined. Including two new cases reported, only 12 cases of acute pyelonephritis resulting in acute renal failure were found. Three of these occurred in patients with a solitary kidney. All cases occurred in individuals who had no history of urinary tract infections, and all were caused by escherichia coli. In several cases, the administration of non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs contributed to disease. Three cases occurred after catheter-acquired bacteriuria. Acute renal failure is an uncommon but serious consequence of uncomplicated acute pyelonephritis in adults.
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ranking = 1.2857142857143
keywords = pyelonephritis
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4/17. Urinary tract infection caused by corynebacterium group D2: report of 82 cases and review.

    corynebacterium group D2 (CGD2) is a slow-growing, urea-splitting, multiantibiotic-resistant microorganism that is frequently isolated from urine samples and that, in certain circumstances, produces infection of the lower urinary tract (acute and chronic cystitis) and the upper urinary tract (pyelonephritis). This paper analyzes (by means of a retrospective and partially prospective clinical protocol) our experience with 82 patients with CGD2 bacteriuria. The infection was symptomatic in 62% of cases, and the clinical diagnoses included acute and chronic cystitis and pyelonephritis with or without bacteremia. Because CGD2 infection of the urinary tract may require specific antimicrobial treatment and because CGD2 is a fastidious microorganism, we recommend prolonged incubation of urine cultures (up to 48-72 hours), especially if the routine culture is negative, when patients are symptomatic, have alkaline urine, or have struvite crystals in the urine sediment.
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ranking = 0.28571428571429
keywords = pyelonephritis
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5/17. A case report of cystitis emphysematosa and emphysematous pyelonephritis.

    The presence of intramural gas in the urinary bladder is rare and gas in the kidney is also rare. Our patient had both conditions. We have not seen these two rare conditions ever described in one patient. Both conditions are commoner in diabetics. nephrectomy was resorted to after unsuccessful antibiotic treatment of the emphysematous pyelonephritis.
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ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = pyelonephritis
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6/17. Emphysematous pyelonephritis with pneumocystitis.

    Emphysematous pyelonephritis is an acute infectious process mostly associated with diabetes and obstruction. It is a life-threatening illness and treatment generally involves antibiotic therapy, surgical drainage and nephrectomy. The prognosis is poor regardless of therapy. Herein, we present a case with pneumocystitis. To our knowledge, there have been 54 cases previously reported. There is no doubt that emphysematous pyelonephritis with pneumocystitis as in our case is less frequent.
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ranking = 0.85714285714286
keywords = pyelonephritis
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7/17. Sexual acquisition of urinary tract infection in a man.

    A man was admitted with acute pyelonephritis due to escherichia coli. Three days prior to the onset of his symptoms his wife presented with a 7-day history of cystitis due to E. coli. Before the wife developed her symptoms the couple were having vaginal intercourse every night, and this continued for the first 3 days of her symptoms. The organisms isolated from the urine of both patients were found to have the same biotype, an identical antibiogram, and the same serotype. The temporal sequence of events and the bacteriological findings strongly suggest the sexual transmission of this organism from the wife to her husband.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = pyelonephritis
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8/17. Renal and urinary tract complications following the intravesical instillation of formalin.

    The case is reported of a 10-yr-old girl who developed intractable hematuria from hemorrhagic cystitis following chemotherapy for a malignant lymphoma. Following the intravesical instillation of formalin, which controlled the hematuria, she developed oliguria attributable to ureteric stenosis and fibrotic contraction of the renal pelves. Bilateral nephrostomies were constructed, but recurrent pyelonephritis and further renal pelvic obstruction developed. A series of renal biopsies and ultimately bilateral nephrectomy revealed severe, chronic interstitial nephritis, massive renal interstitial accumulation of deposits probably containing Tamm-Horsfall protein and, in the left nephrectomy specimen, a florid interstitial chronic granulomatous inflammatory reaction. Although ureterohydronephrosis has been described by others as a complication of the intravesical instillation of formalin, fibrotic contraction of the upper urinary tract and the florid interstitial nephritis with granulomata as described herein have not previously been reported. It is proposed that vesicoureteric reflux of formalin, perhaps accompanied by intrarenal reflux, caused or contributed to these pathological changes.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = pyelonephritis
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9/17. Hemophilus influenzae as a cause of urinary tract infections in men.

    Hemophilus influenzae has rarely been reported to cause urinary tract infections, but media supportive of its growth are not routinely used for urine cultures. At two veterans Administration medical centers, H influenzae was isolated from the urine of eight men in the past four years. All had anatomic or functional genitourinary abnormalities, and half had had chronic pyelonephritis or recurrent urinary tract infections. Three patients had acute cystitis, two patients had pyelonephritis, two patients had prostatitis, and one patient had asymptomatic bacteriuria with pyuria. Cases were discovered by primary isolation on chocolate agar or sheep's blood agar, by "satelliting" around staphylococci, or by positive urine Gram's stains. urine Gram's stains disclosed organisms in all six nonprostatitis cases. Organisms were all nonserotypable, were of biotypes 2, 3, or 4, and were beta-lactamase negative. Hemophilus influenzae may be a more common uropathogen in adults than previously recognized.
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ranking = 0.28571428571429
keywords = pyelonephritis
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10/17. Urinary complications of Crohn's disease.

    A 22-year review of 328 patients with Crohn's disease revealed 70 patients with urinary tract symptoms. cystitis was the most common problem, occurring in 44 patients. The urinary tract infections were recurrent in most patients, usually with 3 or 4 attacks per year. Despite the persistence of urinary infection, only 3 patients developed chronic pyelonephritis. Forty-nine patients had intravenous urography, and many were found to have slight dilatation of the upper urinary tract on one side. Seven patients had hydronephrosis, 3 with pyonephrosis. Five of 6 patients who developed calculi had a bowel resection. All of the recovered calculi were oxalate stones, but 3 were passed spontaneously and not analyzed. Eight patients, 7 of them males, had an ileovesical fistula. In 1, the colon was also affected. It was unusual for these patients to have severe urinary symptoms. One patient had a fistula from the rectum to the urethra. Although 32 of the 70 patients were female, most of the severe complications occurred in men. Aggressive investigation is not indicated, nor is radical surgery required.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = pyelonephritis
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