Cases reported "Cysts"

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21/269. Airway rescue with the intubating laryngeal mask in a patient with an unexpectedly large epiglottic cyst.

    We report the successful use of the intubating laryngeal mask airway for rescue and intubation in an anaesthetised patient with an unexpectedly large epiglottic cyst. This case illustrates that airway rescue and intubation with the intubating laryngeal mask is possible and preoperative airway assessment does not always provide reliable information about airway management.
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ranking = 1
keywords = airway
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22/269. Cystic duplication of the cecum with segmental dilatation of the ileum: report of a case.

    Duplication cyst and segmental dilatation are rare congenital anomalies of the gastrointestinal tract, both of which are known to result in intestinal obstruction. We describe herein a case of intestinal obstruction in a neonate, caused by a duplication cyst in the cecum. A small dilated segment of ileum was also present at the site where Meckel's diverticulum would be expected, which was not causing obstruction to the luminal contents. Although it is well known that either of these conditions may coexist with a number of congenital malformations, their concurrent occurrence has never been reported before.
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ranking = 5.5133854748717
keywords = obstruction
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23/269. Endoscopic management of a duodenal duplication cyst associated with biliary obstruction in an adult.

    Duodenal duplication cysts are distinctly uncommon and most often present in infancy or early childhood. The clinical presentation is generally duodenal obstruction, hemorrhage, or pancreatitis. Duodenal duplication cysts rarely cause biliary obstruction in adults. So far, duodenal duplication cysts have been almost exclusively treated by surgical intervention. This report describes both endoscopic diagnosis and treatment of a large periampullary duodenal duplication cyst associated with biliary obstruction in an adult patient.
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ranking = 12.864566108034
keywords = obstruction
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24/269. Pneumocele of the maxillary sinus. A second case report.

    The term pneumocele refers to an expansile bone destructive air containing cyst-like lesion involving the sinus cavity proper, presumably due to obstruction of the major sinus ostium. It differs from pneumoceles described previously that have all been air pockets beyond a paranasal air sinus due to an abnormal fistulous communication, rather than expansion of the sinus cavity itself. In adding this second case to the literature we believe that this rare lesion may be encountered from time to time, and should be considered when an expanded maxillary antrum is found to contain air rather than fluid or soft tissue content.
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ranking = 1.8377951582906
keywords = obstruction
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25/269. Cystic rectal duplication: a rare cause of neonatal bladder-outlet obstruction and hydronephrosis.

    A case of cystic rectal duplication (RD) is presented. A 7-day-old female was admitted with acute urinary retention, voiding difficulty, and abdominal distention since she was 4 days of age. Ultrasound and abdominal computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a huge, cystic mass in the pelvis and abdomen that resulted in acute urinary retention and bilateral hydronephrosis. CT-guided drainage of the lesion followed by transabdominal surgical excision resulted in a cure. Pathologic examination demonstrated a RD lined by respiratory epithelium.
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ranking = 7.3511806331622
keywords = obstruction
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26/269. Value of constructive interference in steady-state three-dimensional, Fourier transformation magnetic resonance imaging for the neuroendoscopic treatment of hydrocephalus and intracranial cysts.

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of constructive interference in steady-state, three-dimensional, Fourier transformation (CISS) magnetic resonance imaging in the endoscopic management of hydrocephalus and intracranial cysts. methods: CISS imaging and T2-weighted imaging were performed for 14 consecutive patients before and after fenestration procedures, using a flexible endoscope, to treat loculated or multiloculated hydrocephalus (4 patients), aqueductal stenosis or obstruction (4 patients), arachnoid cysts (4 patients), a cyst of the velum interpositum (1 patient), or an ependymal cyst (1 patient). Fifteen fenestration procedures were performed, including one reoperation. RESULTS: Preoperative CISS imaging demonstrated intracystic intraventricular septa not observed with conventional T2-weighted imaging for 11 of 15 procedures and provided better brain tissue/cerebrospinal fluid contrast, allowing better understanding of the cause of hydrocephalus and the nature of the cysts. CISS imaging and T2-weighted imaging were equally useful for monitoring postoperative changes in the sizes of ventricles or cysts and the presence of flow voids after third ventriculostomies. However, only CISS imaging clearly demonstrated the site of fenestration for six of the nine patients who underwent fenestration procedures. CONCLUSION: CISS imaging provides excellent cerebrospinal fluid/brain tissue contrast, allowing detailed study of the anatomic features of the ventricular system and cystic lesions. CISS imaging is valuable for both preoperative decision-making and postoperative evaluation.
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ranking = 1.8377951582906
keywords = obstruction
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27/269. A rare cause of cystic testicular mass in an infant--cystic dysplasia of the testis.

    In this article, a 6-month-old infant with cystic dysplasia of the testis (CDT) is presented. Although different genitourinary abnormalities associated with CDT have been reported, this is the first case of the association of CDT with penoscrotal hypospadias, unilateral undescended testicle, bilateral scrotal hernia, small and hypocompliant bladder and urethral obstruction. orchiectomy was carried out for the treatment of this rare cause of testicular cystic mass.
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ranking = 1.8377951582906
keywords = obstruction
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28/269. Bronchogenic cysts: a case report.

    The otolaryngologist has a reference frame for congenital stridor that rarely includes diagnosis of a bronchogenic cyst. The life-threatening potential of this lesion makes consideration and recognition imperative. Representing less than 5% of the mediastinal childhood masses in the infant, respiratory distress most often initiates diagnostic studies leading to identification and extirpation. The case presentation highlights the clinical course. The diagnostic hallmark of this case was the delayed onset of stridor with subsequent progression. Thereafter, a chest film and barium swallow suggested the diagnosis. In newborns, however, such cysts may not be evident on routine chest films and, nonetheless, cause significant respiratory distress from airway compression. Surgical extirpation should be affected as soon as possible after the diagnosis is entertained in order to insure against a sudden respiratory death.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = airway
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29/269. Asymptomatic vallecular cyst: airway management considerations.

    Airway problems are easiest to manage when they are anticipated. Difficult intubation might, however, occur in patients with no obvious signs or symptoms suggesting airway difficulty. We describe a case where laryngeal inlet was obscured by a large vallecular cyst that was discovered during rapid-sequence induction of general anesthesia, causing difficulty in tracheal intubation. Once the patient was allowed to recover from general anesthesia, the trachea could be safely intubated using a fiberoptic bronchoscope.
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ranking = 1.25
keywords = airway
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30/269. Superior vena cava obstruction: a review of the literature and report of 2 cases due to benign intrathoracic tumors.

    A review of the literature shows an increaseing number of cases of superior vena cava obstruction associated with malignancy and a marked decrease in the number of patients with caval obstruction of benign origin. In contrast to granulomatous diseases and aneurysms of the ascending thoracic aorta, which have decreased, the incidence of benign tumors is essentially unchanged. Clinical features of superior vena cava obstruction in relation to the anatomical site of obstruction and collateral pathways are correlated. Diagnostic approaches, including angiography and technetium scanning are usually definitive in outlining the site of obstruction. Experimental data and the numerous available techniques for surgical correction indicate that an entirely satisfactory procedure is not available for all patients. methods include the use of venous bypass or Teflon prostheses and the addition of a small arteriovenous fistula proximally. Two new cases of superior caval obstruction due to benign tumor are reported. In 1 patient, who had intrapericardial bronchogenic cyst with fibrotic caval obstruction and thrombosis, a method for caval reconstruction while maintaining venous return to the right atrium is described. The second patient had an intrathoracic thyroid adenoma and caval obstruction without thrombosis.
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ranking = 22.053541899487
keywords = obstruction
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