Cases reported "Cysts"

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1/169. Isolated polycystic liver disease not linked to polycystic kidney disease 1 and 2.

    Autosomal dominant polycystic liver disease occurs commonly in association with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, types 1 and 2. It may also exist as a separate entity, genetically distinct from autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease types 1 and 2, as has been recently established to exist in a Belgian family. We report here a large Argentinian family of Spanish-Belgian ancestry with autosomal dominant polycystic liver disease, where proximal and distal markers for both polycystic kidney disease 1 and 2 failed to demonstrate genetic linkage. The data support the notion that polycystic liver disease and autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease may have separate chromosomal loci.
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ranking = 1
keywords = kidney disease, kidney
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2/169. Fibropolycystic disease of the hepatobiliary system and kidneys.

    This complicated case of fibropolycystic disease of the hepatobiliary system and kidneys was ably and incisively analyzed by Professor Sheila Sherlock. Her clinical acumen was revealed by her ability to differentiate congenital hepatic fibrosis, Caroli's disease, and adult polycystic disease of the liver and kidney. Interesting histologic features of this case included hepatic fibrosis with intact limiting plates anc central veins and the presence of bile plugs in the ducts, but the absence of bile statsis in the parenchyma. A percutaneous transhepatic cholangiogram demonstrated the dilated intrahepatic and extrahepatic ducts. Washing out the "gunk" from the biliary tract by T-tube drainage has great limitations in this type of case. Therefore, Dr. Adson suggested irrigation of the biliary ductal system using tubed placed transhepatically, plus a wide choledojejunostomy. Dr. Sherlock questioned this surgical approach. The use of chenodeoxycholic acid for this "gunk" was suggested. In spite of the dilated ducts and pathologic changes in the liver, the patient was not jandiced and did not have stones in her biliary tract. The genetics of this patient's problems was discussed.
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ranking = 0.0089353088702982
keywords = kidney
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3/169. Portal hypertension due to extensive hepatic cysts in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.

    liver cysts are a well-recognized feature of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and occur in 77% of patients more than 60 years old. Serious sequelae, however, are rare, the two most common complications being pain and cyst infections. Portal hypertension has been reported in ADPKD due to the rare presence of congenital hepatic fibrosis. We report a case of ADPKD in a patient who had portal hypertension due to distortion of portal vein and venules by extensive hepatic cysts.
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ranking = 0.625
keywords = kidney disease, kidney
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4/169. Neonatal detection and evaluation of infantile polycystic disease by gray scale echography.

    Infantile polycystic disease (IPCD) is an uncommon pathologic entity involving the kidneys and liver. Gray scale echography can detect this pathologic process within the kidneys, despite the presence of renal failure. In addition, the sonic study may detect associated hepatic abnormalities even though isotopic liver scan is normal. These capabilities make the ultrasonic examination uniquely suited for evaluating patients with IPCD.
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ranking = 0.0029784362900994
keywords = kidney
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5/169. New syndrome?: Three sibs diagnosed prenatally with situs inversus totalis, renal and pancreatic dysplasia, and cysts.

    Recently we described a previously apparently undescribed autosomal recessive syndrome in two sib fetuses with situs inversus totalis, cystic dysplastic kidneys and pancreas, bowing of the lower limbs and clavicles, severe intrauterine growth retardation, and oligohydramnios. This syndrome differs from that of Ivemark and related syndromes due to lack of liver involvement. After these two sibs, this consanguineous family had a third child and an early prenatal diagnosis of pancreatic and dysplastic renal cysts was made in the 19.5-week-old fetus. The last case supports the genetic hypothesis.
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ranking = 0.0014892181450497
keywords = kidney
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6/169. infertility treatment in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD)--a case report.

    Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a frequently occurring inherited condition with cysts in many organs including the kidneys. However, a combination of seminal vesicle cysts, cystic obstruction of ejaculatory duct and ADPKD is rarely encountered. The following case report presents an infertile ADPKD patient who had seminal vesicle cysts and ejaculatory duct cyst, and describes the treatment by transurethral resection of the ejaculatory duct.
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ranking = 0.62648921814505
keywords = kidney disease, kidney
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7/169. milk of calcium in the inferior calyx of a hydronephrotic kidney in a tetraplegic patient - a diagnosis to be made before scheduling for extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy.

    STUDY DESIGN: A Case Report of renal milk of calcium in a tetraplegic subject. OBJECTIVES: To increase the awareness of renal milk of calcium in spinal cord injury (SCI) physicians. Renal milk of calcium contains a colloidal suspension of calcium crystals. Since upright views of the kidneys are not performed in tetraplegic subjects, the renal milk of calcium may be misinterpreted as renal lithiasis by routine radiography taken in supine position. SETTING: Regional spinal injuries Centre, Southport, england. METHOD: In a 41-year-old male with traumatic tetraplegia, X-ray of abdomen in supine position showed multiple opacities in the region of the left kidney. These radio opaque shadows were interpreted as renal calculi. Subsequently, computed tomography (CT) of the kidneys was performed. RESULTS: CT confirmed the presence of calculi in the mid-polar calyx. However, the density situated in the inferior calyx of the hydronephrotic left kidney exhibited a horizontal upper edge. This specific radiological finding as observed in the CT of kidneys, provided the clue to the presence of milk of calcium in the inferior calyx of the hydronephrotic left kidney. CONCLUSION: As plain film of the abdomen in standing position is not performed in SCI patients, physicians caring for SCI patients should have a high index of suspicion for renal milk of calcium. Prompt diagnosis of renal milk of calcium will help to avoid unnecessary surgery, or extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy.
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ranking = 0.014892181450497
keywords = kidney
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8/169. ultrasonography of hemorrhagic splenic cysts.

    cysts arising from the spleen are much less common than those arising from other organs such as kidney, liver, and ovary (1). Hemorrhagic cysts of the spleen are rare (1), but we have encountered two patients with this entitiy. The ultrasonograms in each patient demonstrated gravity-dependent layering of two fluids of distinctly different echogenicity. The fluids were contained within a spherical mass. Acoustic enhancement was exhibited behind the mass in each case. This suggested the diagnosis of hemorrhagic cyst.
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ranking = 0.0014892181450497
keywords = kidney
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9/169. Successful management of para-aortic lymphocyst with laparoscopic fenestration.

    Para-aortic lymphocyst occasionally follows retroperitoneal para-aortic node dissection for neoplastic diseases. We present a case in which the leakage of chylous fluid and then a para-aortic lymphocyst followed right nephrectomy and para-aortic node dissection for kidney cancer.Our method of treatment utilized conservative management of chylous ascites and laparoscopic internal drainage of the retroperitoneal lymphocyst.
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ranking = 0.0014892181450497
keywords = kidney
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10/169. A giant urinoma in a neonate without obstructive uropathy.

    We report a neonate with a giant urinoma and renal failure. A 7-day-old boy had a giant abdominal mass of 6.5 cm x 8 cm in the right quadrant, gastroesophageal reflux, and renal failure caused by the compression from the mass. Radiological observations revealed a multiseptated cyst and neither kidney could be detected. To relieve these symptoms percutaneous drainage was performed. The contents of the fluid were similar to the patient's urine. The symptoms were improved by the drainage, and we found the left kidney to be absent and the right kidney small. Four prenatal ultrasound scans detected no cystic lesions in his abdomen. Neonatal urinomas are commonly complicated by obstructive uropathy, such as posterior urethral valves or ureteropelvic junction obstruction. These obstructive uropathies were ruled out by retrograde pyelography and voiding cystourethrography. A severely dilated upper pole of a double collecting system was also ruled out by intravenous pyelography and direct observation of the kidney during an open biopsy. The cause of the urinoma is still uncertain, but trauma during delivery and the dysplastic right kidney may be involved.
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ranking = 0.0074460907252485
keywords = kidney
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