Cases reported "Cysts"

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1/381. Changing characteristics of a colloid cyst of the third ventricle.

    We describe extremely unusual radiological characteristics in a colloid cyst of the third ventricle, where the cyst became dense and its size decreased following a cerebrospinal fluid diversion procedure. Such a course of events has been reported in colloid cysts only twice in the literature.
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ranking = 1
keywords = ventricle
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2/381. Posterior fossa epithelial cyst: case report and review of the literature.

    A 49-year old woman with progressive cranial nerve signs and hemiparesis was found at MR imaging and at surgery to have a cyst at the foramen magnum. immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy showed an epithelial cyst of endodermal origin. MR findings were of an extraaxial mass, with short T1 and T2 times. Unless immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy are used in the final diagnosis of such cysts, all posterior fossa cysts lined by a single layer of epithelium should be described simply as epithelial cysts.
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ranking = 0.012256171384643
keywords = foramen
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3/381. The Chiari II malformation: lesions discovered within the fourth ventricle.

    Structural lesions associated with the Chiari II malformation have been identified within the fourth ventricle in 8 patients. During the 42-month period encompassing the operations of the 7 patients treated surgically, only 9 other patients were explored without the discovery of some associated structural lesion. The patients ranged in age from 2 to 26 years. The following lesions were identified: glial or arachnoidal cysts (3 patients), glial or choroidal nodules (3 patients) and subependymoma (2 patients). These lesions were all situated in the roof of the fourth ventricle adjacent to or interspersed with the choroid plexus. Only the cystic lesions were identified by preoperative imaging. In only 1 case did the associated lesion, a 2-cm cyst, seem to contribute to the patient's clinical presentation. Structural lesions of the fourth ventricle associated with the Chiari II malformation are common in patients who are submitted to decompression. These lesions may be dysplasias of developmental origin, or they may be reactive lesions related to chronic compression and ischemia. They do not necessarily required biopsy or excision.
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ranking = 1.4
keywords = ventricle
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4/381. Rare occurrence of intracerebellar colloid cyst. Case report.

    colloid cysts are rare intracerebral lesions that are preferentially encountered within the third ventricle. There are only a few reports in which colloid cysts are described in other locations such as the fourth ventricle. A symptomatic intracerebellar colloid cyst in a 45-year-old woman is described. The patient presented with headache, gait disturbance, and nausea. Neuroradiological imaging revealed compression of the fourth ventricle, hydrocephalus, and an intracerebellar cystic lesion measuring 4 x 5 cm that had a small peripheral solid portion. The cyst was successfully removed via a paramedian suboccipital approach. Postoperatively, the patient recovered quickly. The findings in the present report represent an additional example of the broad spectrum of cystic lesions encountered in the cerebellum.
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ranking = 0.60567442105934
keywords = ventricle, cerebral
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5/381. Ruptured distal anterior choroidal artery aneurysm presenting with casting intraventricular haemorrhage.

    This report describes a rare case of a distal anterior choroidal artery aneurysm which developed intraventricular haemorrhage without subarachnoid haemorrhage as shown on computerized tomographic (CT) scan. A 69-year-old hypertensive man suddenly became unconscious. An emergency CT scan showed a severe intraventricular haemorrhage and a small round low-dense lesion within the haematoma at the right trigone. The haematoma with obstructive hydrocephalus made the lateral ventricles larger on the right than on the left. CT scan could not detect any subarachnoid haemorrhage. Right interal carotid angiography revealed a saccular aneurysm at the plexal point of the right anterior choroidal artery. We approached the aneurysm and the small round lesion through the trigone via a right temporo-occipital corticotomy. We could clip the aneurysmal neck and remove the intraventricular haematoma and the papillary cystic mass (corresponding to the small round lesion on CT scan) totally in one sitting. Histological examination revealed the aneurysm to be a true one and the papillary cystic mass to be a choroid plexus cyst.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = ventricle
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6/381. Endoscopic-guided proximal catheter placement in treatment of posterior fossa cysts.

    PURPOSE: Treatment of posterior fossa cysts by cystoperitoneal shunting may be complicated by a malpositioned proximal catheter located within the brainstem or cerebellum causing acute shunt malfunction or neurological deficits. We propose that proximal catheter placement from a posterior fossa approach aided by a malleable endoscope may prevent malposition and its complications. methods: We present 4 procedures we performed on 3 patients with posterior fossa cysts using a posterior fossa approach. In each case, the proximal catheter was molded along with a malleable endoscope to place the catheter parallel to the long axis of the fourth ventricle. Direct visualization during catheter placement insured an intracavitary position. RESULTS: Ultimately, the procedure was successful in all 3 patients as judged by intracavitary catheter position and decrease in cyst size on postoperative imaging. In 1 patient, revision using the same technique was required based upon suboptimal catheter position within one of numerous cystic compartments within the posterior fossa. There were no complications related to direct or indirect brainstem injury. CONCLUSIONS: Many posterior fossa cysts can be treated effectively and safely via a posterior fossa approach with the aid of a malleable endoscope. Direct visualization facilitates intracavitary catheter placement and orientation of the catheter in the long axis of the cyst, thereby decreasing the risk of injury to surrounding structures.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = ventricle
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7/381. Stereotactic cyst wall disruption and aspiration of colloid cysts of the third ventricle.

    BACKGROUND: Current strategies of surgical therapy for colloid cysts have been associated with low rates of initial success and high rates of morbidity, mortality and recurrence of cysts. Cyst recurrence following simple stereotactic aspiration has been hypothesized to be due to regrowth of the epithelium composing the cyst wall. methods: We propose a procedure involving stereotactic disruption of the colloid cyst wall with the removal of a portion of the cyst wall followed by aspiration of cyst contents as a surgical therapy for colloid cysts. RESULTS: This procedure was performed in 2 female and 3 male patients who were followed for an average of 49 months with all patients demonstrating immediate improvement of symptoms and resolution of the cyst verified with repeat computerized tomography (CT) scans. There was one incidence of recurrence in an asymptomatic patient at 75 months postoperatively. CONCLUSION: We propose that stereotactic partial cyst wall disruption and content aspiration may limit recurrence of colloid cysts, thus offering an advantage over simple stereotactic aspiration alone.
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ranking = 0.8
keywords = ventricle
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8/381. Vacuolating leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts with late onset athetotic movements.

    We reported a 10-year-old male with vacuolating leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts, who presented athetotic movements in the late stage. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated diffuse cerebellar white matter lesions, in addition to typical cerebral white matter abnormalities and characteristic subcortical cysts in the anterotemporal and parietal areas. Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images are highly sensitive for the detection of subcortical cysts, which is essential for a diagnosis. This is most likely to be a severe form of vacuolating leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts, presenting with athetotic movements in the late stage.
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ranking = 0.0056744210593426
keywords = cerebral
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9/381. choroid plexus papilloma of foramen of Luschka with multiple recurrences and cystic features.

    We present a rare cerebellopontine angle choroid plexus papilloma arising at the foramen of Luschka, without an associated intraventricular component. Distinct features of the tumour on MRI, of multiple recurrences with cystic features, are described, with a review of the literature.
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ranking = 0.061280856923217
keywords = foramen
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10/381. Familial fatal and near-fatal third ventricle colloid cysts.

    BACKGROUND: Despite having a presumed congenital origin, familial cases of colloid cysts have been reported only rarely. The first case of a brother and sister with colloid cysts is reported here, and the relevant literature is reviewed. methods: A 25-year-old man presented with a 24-h history of headache and vomiting. He rapidly became unconscious and fulfilled the criteria for brain death on arrival at hospital. No surgical intervention was performed. RESULTS: The patient's sister presented at the age of 41 with headaches and rapidly became unconscious. The sister had urgent bilateral ventriculostomies. followed by transcallosal removal of a colloid cyst. CONCLUSIONS: These cases support the hypothesis that colloid cysts are congenital lesions and provide some evidence of a possible genetic predisposition to their formation. Sudden death remains a real risk for patients harbouring a colloid cyst.
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ranking = 0.8
keywords = ventricle
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