Cases reported "DNA Virus Infections"

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1/7. Indirect evidence of TTV replication in bone marrow cells, but not in hepatocytes, of a subacute hepatitis/aplastic anemia patient.

    The presence of a new dna virus (TTV) has been reported in sera from patients with posttransfusion hepatitis of unknown etiology. The precise replication site of TTV, however, has not been established. In this study, the presence of TTV in liver autopsy material, and in bone marrow biopsy and autopsy samples taken from a subacute hepatitis/aplastic anemia patient was determined by PCR and Southern blot analyses. Liver cells were found to contain only TTV dna and not mRNA. Bone marrow material, especially that taken at biopsy, contained high levels of TTV dna. It is suggested that the TTV replication site was in the bone marrow rather than in the liver, and that TTV infection was the cause of this patient's aplastic anemia. The precise etiological association of TTV with hepatitis remains to be established.
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2/7. TT virus mRNAs detected in the bone marrow cells from an infected individual.

    Although replicative forms of TT virus (TTV) dna have been found in the liver and bone marrow cells, mRNAs of TTV have not yet been detected in these tissues. The entire nucleotide sequence of a TTV clone [TYM9 (3759 bases)] isolated from a patient with high TTV viremia (10(6) copies/ml) was determined, and the poly(A)( ) RNAs from bone marrow cells were subjected to reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction with primers specific for the TYM9 sequence. sequence analysis of the amplified products revealed the presence of three distinct species of spliced TTV mRNAs [2.9, 1.2, and 1.0 kilobases (kb)] with common 5' and 3' termini as well as splicing to bind nucleotide (nt) 181 to nt 283. The shorter mRNAs of 1.2 kb and 1.0 kb possessed another splicing to join nt 681 with nt 2341 or nt 2579. The transcription profile of TTV found in an infected human corroborates that observed in vitro.
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3/7. Clearance of TT virus after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

    A 10-year-old girl with thalassemia underwent bone marrow transplantation. Before transplantation, she had persistent TT virus (TTV) DNAemia for at least 18 months. Interestingly, the viral DNAemia was cleared soon after transplant and remained undetectable at the latest follow-up at 28 months. The early clearance of TTV that had occurred before engraftment or initiation of any antiviral therapy, together with the absence of TTV dna from the results of the liver biopsy performed before transplantation, led us to hypothesize that the hematologic compartment could have been the site for viral persistence. Thus, the conditioning regimen may have depleted the hemic cells and the hematologically compartmentalized TTV. The potential of hemic tropism of TTV and its role in hematologic diseases need to be considered.
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4/7. Hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia and transfusion-transmitted virus infection.

    A 17-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of severe acute hepatitis. Serologic studies were negative for A, B, C and G hepatitis viruses. Later, he was found to be positive for transfusion-transmitted virus (TTV) dna. He was discharged after normalization of liver function tests. Four months after the onset of hepatitis, he was re-admitted because of pancytopenia. Bone marrow findings were consistent with aplastic anemia. The anemia responded to steroid therapy. In this case, TTV was probably involved in the development of aplastic anemia.
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ranking = 6
keywords = virus
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5/7. TT virus-related acute recurrent hepatitis. Histological features of a case and review of the literature.

    TT virus is a recently discovered virus, of which the pathogenetic potential is still uncertain. The present paper describes the histopathological features of a case of TT virus-related acute recurrent hepatitis. The patient is a 28-year-old woman with no history of drug or alcohol abuse, presenting with repeated episodes of hypertransaminasemia evidenced during the last 4 years. No other markers of viral or autoimmune disease were found. On histological analysis, the liver parenchyma showed a preserved architecture. The histological features were those of a mild acute hepatitis. The clinicopathological findings suggest th
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6/7. Three cases with TT virus infection and idiopathic neonatal hepatitis.

    We present three cases of infants with idiopathic neonatal hepatitis showing diffuse intrahepatic fatty degeneration. Prolonged cholestasis has improved immediately upon intravenous administration of a high-dose gammaglobulin treatment in all three patients. The TT virus (TTV) genome was detectable in the serum of two patients, in the duodenal fluid of one and in the liver of all three. By analyzing sequence homology, we observed that the respective TTV isolated from serum, duodenal fluid and liver tissue were completely identical in cases 2 and 3. These findings suggest that TTV infection was one of the contributing factors for neonatal cholestasis in these patients. TTV was isolated from the serum of two out of the three mothers. The viruses were either completely or almost identical in sequence to those isolated from their respective infants, suggesting that they had been transmitted from mother to infant in these 2 cases. The patients presented here, whose livers were infected with the TTV and showed a favorable response to gammaglobulin therapy, may represent a subset of idiopathic neonatal hepatitis patients.
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7/7. TT virus-positive hepatocellular carcinoma arising from non-cirrhotic liver in an elderly man.

    A 43-mm hepatic tumor was incidentally detected by computed tomography in a 72-year-old man. Liver function test results were normal. serum hepatitis B, C and G viruses were negative, while serum TT virus was positive. autoantibodies were negative. The patient had no history of alcohol consumption. The tumor was found to be a moderately differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from a resected specimen. Neither lobular inflammation nor fibrosis was observed in the surrounding liver. Intrahepatic hepatitis b virus was not detected. This is a case of non-B, non-C HCC positive for only TT virus arising from a non-cirrhotic liver.
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