Cases reported "Deglutition Disorders"

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1/1240. Cinefluorography in the diagnosis of pharyngeal palsies.

    (1) The aetiology of dysphagia may be difficult to diagnose when it presents without clinical signs or an associated clinical syndrome. (2) Pharyngeal palsies present in acute and chronic forms. (3) Cinefluorographic techniques are helpful in making an objective diagnosis of pharyngeal palsy. (4) Advice may be given to the patient on head and neck positions during swallowing that is based on the findings of the cinefluorographic examination, in order to alleviate symptoms. (5) Good fluoroscopy, preferably with video-tape recording facilities may be perfectly adequate provided that the diagnosis is considered at that time. ( info)

2/1240. Advances in gastrointestinal endoscopy.

    endoscopy has a rapidly expanding role in diagnosis and management of gastrointestinal disease. ( info)

3/1240. Right aortic arch with aberrant left innominate artery: MR imaging findings.

    A rare case of a 60-year-old man with a right aortic arch and aberrant left innominate artery is presented. This case had an unusual clinical presentation. The dysphagia appeared suddenly in adulthood, whereas vascular rings, when symptomatic, usually manifest early in childhood. To our knowledge, MR imaging findings of this anomaly have never been reported. The diagnosis was made by MR imaging and confirmed by surgery. magnetic resonance imaging can replace angiography in the assessment of the aortic arch anomalies. ( info)

4/1240. hypoglossal nerve injury as a complication of anterior surgery to the upper cervical spine.

    Injury to the hypoglossal nerve is a recognised complication after soft tissue surgery in the upper part of the anterior aspect of the neck, e.g. branchial cyst or carotid body tumour excision. However, this complication has been rarely reported following surgery of the upper cervical spine. We report the case of a 35-year-old woman with tuberculosis of C2-3. She underwent corpectomy and fusion from C2 to C5 using iliac crest bone graft, through a left anterior oblique incision. She developed hypoglossal nerve palsy in the immediate postoperative period, with dysphagia and dysarthria. It was thought to be due to traction neurapraxia with possible spontaneous recovery. At 18 months' follow-up, she had a solid fusion and tuberculosis was controlled. The hypoglossal palsy persisted, although with minimal functional disability. The only other reported case of hypoglossal lesion after anterior cervical spine surgery in the literature also failed to recover. It is concluded that hypoglossal nerve palsy following anterior cervical spine surgery is unlikely to recover spontaneously and it should be carefully identified. ( info)

5/1240. Pharyngeal dysphagia caused by isolated myogen dystrophy of musculus cricopharyngeus.

    Five patients suffering from idiopathic cricopharyngeal dysfunction (without Zenker's diverticulum) were treated surgically. Together with cricopharyngeomyotomy biopsies were taken at the level of the cricopharyngeus. Histological, enzyme hystochemical and electronmicroscopic examinations were performed on all patients. In two cases the histology revealed myogen dystrophy (presence of necrosis, myophagocytosis, abnormal fiber structure, basophilic fibers, fibrosis, mild cellular reaction and predominancy of fiber type I). Since the complete patient evaluation (clinical features, electromyography, serum creatinin phosphokinase level, etc.) could rule out any general, muscle disorders, the cause of the idiopathic pharyngeal dysfunction must have been in these two cases an isolated myogen dystrophy of the cricopharyngeus. ( info)

6/1240. An unusual complication of Cloward's procedure presenting to the otolaryngologist.

    We present the case of a 51-year-old lady who developed a CSF leak following a Cloward's procedure (anterior cervical surgery with fusion), which settled with conservative management. Two months following the surgery she was assessed by an otolaryngologist for persistent dysphagia and a swelling in the anterior triangle of her neck. A computed tomography (CT) scan identified a fluid-filled mass displacing the trachea and communicating with the anterior cervical vertebrae, thus confirming the persistence of a CSF leak. ( info)

7/1240. Dysphagia secondary to invasive candidiasis of a jejunal free flap.

    The presence of a mass in a jejunal free flap that causes dysphagia less than two years after a pharyngolaryngectomy for carcinoma usually indicates tumour recurrence. We present a case of invasive candidiasis of a jejunal free flap presenting with dysphagia and a mass. To our knowledge this is previously unreported. Such a cause should always be considered in the differential diagnosis, as early recognition and treatment are likely to result in a favourable outcome. ( info)

8/1240. Ossification of the cervical anterior longitudinal ligament contributing to dysphagia. Case report.

    The authors evaluated the clinical, radiological, and surgical management of ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament (OALL) that contributed to dysphagia in a patient with simultaneous cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). A 57-year-old man presented with increasing dysphagia and moderate myelopathy. Imaging studies, including esophagoscopy, revealed marked esophageal compression due to OALL that extended between the C2-5 levels and significant C5-7 OPLL that compressed the distal cervical spinal cord. The use of rongeurs and a high-speed drill facilitated excision of the C2-5 OALL mass, and a routine anterior corpectomy with fusion was performed at the C5-7 level. Postoperatively, the patient's dysphagia and symptoms of myelopathy immediately resolved. The strut graft became fully fused 3 months postoperatively, as demonstrated on dynamic x-ray films, and the patient has remained asymptomatic 4 months postoperatively. patients with dysphagia and coexisting myelopathy benefit from simultaneous surgery for resection of OALL and OPLL masses. ( info)

9/1240. Atypical herpes simplex encephalitis presenting as operculum syndrome.

    This case report demonstrates the course of herpes simplex virus cerebritis in a patient aged 7 years 2 months who presented with non-specific symptoms followed by an epileptic attack. Subcortical, bilateral opercular and bilateral thalamic lesions were detected, but the temporal and inferior frontal lobes were spared. The patient developed anarthria, impairment of mastication and swallowing consistent with operculum syndrome. diagnosis was made by magnetic resonance imaging and elevation of oligoclonal antibodies specific to herpes simplex virus in cerebrospinal fluid after an unexpectedly negative polymerase chain reaction test. ( info)

10/1240. Pharyngeal thyroid: a case report.

    A 48-year-old woman presented with dysphagia. On examination of the pharynx, a mass was visible behind and adjacent to the right tonsil. It was excised and proved to be ectopic thyroid tissue. ( info)
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