Cases reported "Dental Caries"

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1/250. Dental treatment of a prospective recipient of a liver transplant: a case report.

    A protocol to treat a carious condition in a young girl scheduled to receive a liver transplantation is described. Teeth with serious caries were filled with amalgam. Those teeth with pulp exposure were extracted. To stop bleeding, sutures and a surgical splint with a periodontal pack were used. All procedures were performed as rapidly as possible to minimize stress. Antibiotics were used sparingly. By improving the oral health of transplant recipients, the chances that the transplanted liver will become infected are much reduced, increasing the likelihood of a successful surgical outcome.
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ranking = 1
keywords = caries
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2/250. Failure of intense preventive efforts to arrest early childhood and rampant caries: three case reports.

    This report presents the first three children who developed dental caries despite being enrolled in a randomized, control trial to test methods to prevent early childhood caries. The children's caretakers received education on decreasing frequent and prolonged feeding with a nursing bottle and other sugar containing foods, as well as brushing the children's teeth daily with 0.4% SnF2 gel. One of the child's caretaker additionally received training sessions to improve confidence in eliminating the child's nursing bottle habit and in performing daily tooth brushing. The two other children received monthly topical fluoride treatments with 2% NaF. Despite these intensive preventive efforts, these three children developed dental caries. Two of the children had mutans streptococci colonization at the time of initial visit, (12 and 14 months of age, respectively). All had high mutans streptococci levels at the time that caries was detected. Incorrigible, high-frequency sugar consumption from a bottle or from solid foods was suggested in all three cases. In one case, dental caries was associated with defects of the tooth enamel. Conceivably, the cariogenic challenge and harmful behaviors in certain children may be so extreme that they can overwhelm even extraordinary preventive efforts.
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ranking = 16.187333713839
keywords = dental caries, caries, dental
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3/250. Premature dental eruption: report of case.

    This case report reviews the variability of dental eruption and the possible sequelae. Dental eruption of the permanent teeth in cleft palate children may be variable, with delayed eruption the most common phenomenon. A case of premature dental eruption of a maxillary left first premolar is demonstrated, however, in a five-year-old male. This localized premature dental eruption anomaly was attributed to early extraction of the primary dentition, due to caries.
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ranking = 1.6056068794418
keywords = caries, dental
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4/250. A five-year-old with a dental abscess: a case study.

    dental caries remain one of the most common disorders of childhood in the United States. Often nurse practitioners (NPs) will see children who are suffering from the complications of a dental carie, such as a dental abscess and/or cellulitis. This article describes the case of a 5-year-old girl who presented at an evening clinic with tooth pain, fever, and facial swelling. Three treatment choices are discussed: (1) 400 mg of amoxicillin (Augmentin), by mouth, with comfort measures, and return to the clinic in the morning; (2) 2 g of ceftriaxone by injection, with comfort measures, and return to the clinic in the morning; (3) or hospitalize via emergency department for intravenous fluids and antibiotics. The treatment that was chosen not only takes into account the disease process, but also the impact of this choice on the family. A model for the progression of dental caries in low-income groups with recommendations for prevention is also presented.
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ranking = 4.914869515563
keywords = dental caries, caries, dental
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5/250. glycogen storage disease and von Willebrand's disease implications for dental treatment: dental management of a pediatric patient.

    Glycogen storage diseases (GSD) are metabolic disorders which impair the body's ability to store glucose and utilize it later, requiring patients to take multiple daily dietary supplementation with a high carbohydrate content. patients undergoing this treatment modality are placed at increased risk for gross dental caries and other oral abnormalities. Additionally, GSD may prolong the patient's bleeding time, which may necessitate consultation with the treating physician. In the following case, our patient required a multidisciplinary approach to address not only her dental needs, but also to coordinate the management of both her GSD and an additional complication, von Willebrand's disease. This was best achieved in a hospital setting.
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ranking = 1.8651526849168
keywords = caries, dental
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6/250. Dysosteosclerosis: a case with unique dental findings and SEM evaluation of a hypoplastic tooth.

    A ten-year-old boy, who had the typical dental findings of dysosteosclerosis such as yellowish, hypoplastic teeth, retarded eruption, which upon eruption, decayed rapidly, is presented. To date this is the first known case reported with a congenital absence of the first permanent molars. Furthermore, SEM evaluation of the enamel and dentin was performed on a tooth from a patient with dysosteosclerosis for the first time. These studies showed weak ultrastructural compositions due to irregular calcification.
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ranking = 0.43907295369698
keywords = dental, decay
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7/250. dental caries after radiotherapy of the oral regions.

    Five cases of dental caries after radiation therapy of the oral regions for treatment of carcinomas are presented. The differences in clinical appearance and behavior between radiation caries and ordinary smooth-surface dental caries are described. The role of salivary gland irradiation and the resultant xerostomia in the development of these lesions is discussed. Some explanations are offered as to how these lesions develop in the light of current knowledge concerning plaque and the development of dental caries. Several measures that may be taken to reduce the incidence and severity of these lesions are suggested.
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ranking = 15.187333713839
keywords = dental caries, caries, dental
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8/250. epidermolysis bullosa and associated problems in oral surgical treatment.

    The problems encountered in the anesthetic and oral surgical management of patients with epidermolysis bullosa are many and varied and are always challenging. Two patients with the disease, from the same family, underwent complete odontectomies. Exacerbation of the disease was prevented by hospitalization with meticulous preparation and exacting postoperative care. This is the first report in the dental literature of complete odontectomies performed on two afficted patients from one family.
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ranking = 0.086515268491681
keywords = dental
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9/250. Chemical protection against postirradiation dental caries.

    Experience with dental caries in twenty-four patients receiving irradiation for malignant lesions of the head and neck demonstrates the critical importance of cooperation by the patient, a program of strict oral hygiene, and daily self-treatment with 0.4 per cent stannous fluoride gel. The ravaging form of dental caries associated with the postirradiation period can be essentially eliminated in cooperating patients. In nine patients who were uncooperative, fifty-seven crowns were amputated and an additional seventy-five carious surfaces were found 3.75 years after irradiation. In six patients who cooperated and used the gel on a daily basis, no crowns were amputated and only one carious area was found over the same time period.
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ranking = 20.374667427677
keywords = dental caries, caries, dental
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10/250. Congenital neutropenia. Report of a case and a biorationale for dental management.

    Congenital neutropenia is characterized by a marked decrease in or lack of circulating PMN's in children with no prior history of drug intake. The neutropenia is persistent and the clinical course is one of early onset of severe, recurrent, and eventually fatal infections. bone marrow studies show a maturation arrest of neutrophilic precursors. Because of their greatly increased susceptibility to infection, patients with congenital neutropenia present a difficult dental management problem. A case of congenital neutropenia has been presented, as well as a biorationale for dental treatment. On the basis of reports in the literature, the following recommendations for the management of patients with congenital neutropenia are made: 1. The prevention and control of infection and the interception of dental disease before surgical intervention becomes necessary should be the overriding considerations in the management of patients with congenital neutropenia. 2. The carious breakdown of teeth should be prevented by the daily application of a 0.4 per cent stannous fluoride gel in addition to oral hygiene and limitation of sucrose intake. 3. Periodontal therapy should be palliative only, since alveolar bone loss is progressive despite frequent oral hygiene instruction and prophylaxis. The goal of periodontal therapy for patients with congenital neutropenia should therefore be a decrease in gingival inflammation to make the patient's mouth more comfortable and to slow down alveolar bone loss. Periodontal surgery is contraindicated. 4. bacteremia and subsequent septicemia should be prevented since a minor infection can become life threatening in patients with congenital neutropenia. The patient should rinse for 30 seconds and the gingival sulci should be irrigated with a phenolated antiseptic mouthwash prior to all dental manipulations of the soft tissue. This will significantly reduce the incidence of bacteremia. 5. Surgery should be avoided if at all possible because of the high risk of post-operative infection. All surgery sholld be performed in the hospital, and the patient should be given antibiotics as determined by his physician. Primary closure should be done with fine polyglycolic acid sutures to reduce the chance of infection. If postoperative infection can be prevented, wound healing will progress normally despite the complete absence of PMN's.
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ranking = 0.69212214793345
keywords = dental
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