Cases reported "Dental Caries"

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1/19. dental caries after radiotherapy of the oral regions.

    Five cases of dental caries after radiation therapy of the oral regions for treatment of carcinomas are presented. The differences in clinical appearance and behavior between radiation caries and ordinary smooth-surface dental caries are described. The role of salivary gland irradiation and the resultant xerostomia in the development of these lesions is discussed. Some explanations are offered as to how these lesions develop in the light of current knowledge concerning plaque and the development of dental caries. Several measures that may be taken to reduce the incidence and severity of these lesions are suggested.
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keywords = gland
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2/19. The investigation of major salivary gland agenesis: a case report.

    Salivary gland agenesis is an extremely uncommon congenital anomaly, which may cause a profound xerostomia in children. The oral sequelae includes dental caries, candidosis, and ascending sialadenitits. The present report details a child with rampant dental caries secondary to xerostomia. Despite having oral disease for many years, the congenital absence of all the salivary glands failed to be established until early adulthood. The appropriate investigation and management of the xerostomic child allows a definitive diagnosis to be made and attention focused on the prevention and treatment of resultant oral disease.
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ranking = 6
keywords = gland
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3/19. Case study of an anxious child with extensive caries treated in general dental practice: financial viability under the terms of the UK National health Service.

    This case study describes the management of Callum, an anxious 7-year-old boy with extensive caries. Callum's dental care was carried out in a general dental practice in the North of england under the terms of the National health Service. A preventive programme was carried out in conjunction with the restorative philosophy according to guidelines published by the Dental Practice Board in 1997.
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ranking = 1
keywords = gland
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4/19. submandibular gland aplasia and progressive dental caries: a case report.

    When severe caries occurs in mandibular permanent incisor teeth, the clinician should consider the possibility of associated submandibular gland aplasia or salivary hypofunction. early diagnosis of submandibular gland disease is essential, as operative problems involving restoration of mandibular incisor teeth are considerable. Furthermore, progressive severe dental caries can present a dilemma for the clinician in affected individuals, despite intensive preventive and restorative therapy. A case report describing severe progressive dental caries and enamel demineralization of the permanent mandibular incisor teeth in a young girl is presented. Further investigation revealed absence of functional bilateral submandibular salivary glands contributing to the rapid breakdown of the teeth despite intensive preventive measures.
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ranking = 86.391590349749
keywords = submandibular gland, submandibular, gland
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5/19. Primary sjogren's syndrome.

    Columbia University's Salivary Gland Center (SGC) has examined more than 6,000 patients with a variety of concerns stemming from salivary gland disease and/or salivary secretory dysfunction. Not unexpectedly, the most common patient complaint centers around symptoms associated with dry mouth. Such patients are usually first seen by the dental practitioner. Because sjogren's syndrome (SS) causes dry mouth, and because it is a relatively common entity--encountered in about three million Americans--and because the dental profession has become aware of its classic manifestation of xerostomia, patients experiencing SS are referred in increasing numbers to the SGC for evaluation. Therefore, the authors wish to call attention to the methodology used in accurately diagnosing SS and to illustrate its signs and symptoms with a case report.
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ranking = 1
keywords = gland
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6/19. Aplasia of submandibular salivary glands associated with ectodermal dysplasia.

    We describe a 28-year-old white Caucasian man displaying many of the physical signs of ectodermal dysplasia (ED). An unusual finding was his presentation with xerostomia. Salivary gland imaging techniques revealed aplasia of both submandibular salivary glands and relatively small parotids. The case highlights that hypoplasia and aplasia of exocrine glands could be rare features of ED. In the management of ED, early detection of xerostomia is important to limit any potential damage to the already hypodontic dentition.
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ranking = 41.645557748504
keywords = submandibular, gland
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7/19. Aplasia of the parotid gland in down syndrome.

    Salivary gland aplasia has not to our knowledge been previously reported in association with down syndrome. We present a case of bilateral parotid aplasia in a patient with down syndrome. Clinically he had aplasia of the major salivary glands and symptoms of xerostomia. Thirteen other family members over three generations were examined, and all had functional parotid glands. We reviewed publications about down syndrome and salivary aplasia, together with the data regarding his other clinical problems and family background. His oral problems were inadequate plaque control, dental caries, and erosion of the teeth.
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ranking = 7
keywords = gland
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8/19. Treatment and maintenance of a dentate patient with 'radiation caries'.

    patients with xerostomia are presenting dental practitioners with challenges in caries control, long-term restoration and prosthodontic difficulties. In many cases, extraction may be the best option, but for younger, dentate patients, this may be inappropriate. This paper describes the management of a young partially dentate patient with severe xerostomia following irradiation of the salivary glands. Preventive and restorative management are discussed, together with treatment and healing of peri-radicular pathology.The case report demonstrates that long-term stabilization and management of caries and peri-radicular lesions are possible over a seven-year period for a patient with severe radiation caries. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Many dental patients present with some degree of xerostomia due to age, side-effects of anti-hypertensive and psychotropic drugs and also as a side-effect of radiotherapy. General dental practitioners are ideally placed to monitor and provide early intervention for this highly caries-susceptible group of patients. With good patient motivation and professional support, tooth loss is not inevitable and this case report suggests strategies and demonstrates the clinical stages in the management of severe caries due to xerostomia.
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ranking = 1
keywords = gland
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9/19. Agenesis or hypoplasia of major salivary and lacrimal glands.

    We described a young man with almost total absence of the parotid glands, hypoplasia of both lacrimal glands, marked hypofunction of both submandibular glands, and left nasolacrimal duct atresia. Lack of tearing, severe dental caries, and conjunctival scarring following chronic xerophthalmia and conjunctivitis serve to alert pediatricians to this autosomal dominant disorder with considerable variation in expressivity.
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ranking = 43.231239400024
keywords = submandibular gland, submandibular, gland
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10/19. Lingual abscess in a patient with anorexia nervosa.

    A 30-year-old female patient suffering from anorexia nervosa, developed an acute submandibular cellulitis. She was found to have a lingual abscess, for which the only detectable source of infection was a grossly carious lower molar. The oral features of the more common eating disorders are described.
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ranking = 6.9291115497007
keywords = submandibular
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