Cases reported "Dental Enamel Hypoplasia"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/67. Enamel staining and hypoplasia due to multiple causes in a Nigerian adolescent: report of a case.

    The aim of this report is to discuss the effects of childhood drug ingestion and metabolic disturbances of ill health in childhood on the coloration, structure and therefore the aesthetics of permanent dentition. To illustrate this, the report presents a case of a 15 year old Nigerian girl with combined tetracycline staining and chronological enamel hypoplastic defects on her teeth. The relationship between the clinical appearance of her teeth and her childhood medical and drug history are analysed. The various treatment modalities available for the management of the dental anomalies are discussed along with the rationale for the treatment given. Strategies for the prevention of these conditions are emphasised.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/67. Dysosteosclerosis: a case with unique dental findings and SEM evaluation of a hypoplastic tooth.

    A ten-year-old boy, who had the typical dental findings of dysosteosclerosis such as yellowish, hypoplastic teeth, retarded eruption, which upon eruption, decayed rapidly, is presented. To date this is the first known case reported with a congenital absence of the first permanent molars. Furthermore, SEM evaluation of the enamel and dentin was performed on a tooth from a patient with dysosteosclerosis for the first time. These studies showed weak ultrastructural compositions due to irregular calcification.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/67. Oral findings in digeorge syndrome: clinical features and histologic study of primary teeth.

    OBJECTIVE: For the purpose of supplementing the shortage of dental information about digeorge syndrome, we report two cases of the syndrome seen in Japanese boys. STUDY DESIGN: Two cases were compared with respect to orofacial and dental findings; one was a case of complete digeorge syndrome and the other a case of partial digeorge syndrome. Extracted deciduous teeth from the two boys underwent histologic study. RESULTS: Each patient showed systemic developmental delay, hypocalcemia, and slight mental retardation. In the orofacial area, hypertelorism, a short philtrum, thick and reflected lips, and hypoplasia of the nasopharynx were also observed. A dental examination showed delayed formation and eruption of permanent teeth, aplasia of the nasopharynx, and enamel hypoplasia along with enamel hypocalcification. Structural streaks with increased calcification were histologically detected in the deciduous tooth from the patient with complete digeorge syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: Common characteristic orofacial and dental findings were noted in the two digeorge syndrome cases. Furthermore, histologic study of the deciduous tooth from the boy with complete digeorge syndrome suggests that there was some relationship between transient relative hypercalcemia and dentinal hypermineralized streaking of the tooth.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 4
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/67. Dental findings in Morquio syndrome (mucopolysaccharidoses type IVa).

    Morquio syndrome is a disorder of mucopolysaccharide metabolism with specific skeletal features. The clinical and radiographic appearance of the teeth resembles hypoplastic amelogenesis imperfecta with thin enamel of normal radiodensity. The dental practitioner has a part to play in collaboration with medical colleagues in the recognition and diagnosis of this condition.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/67. Simultaneous occurrence of unusual odontodysplasia and oligodontia in the permanent dentition: report of a case.

    odontodysplasia is an uncommon clinicopathological condition with a variety of expressions. Although it is generally recognized as a localized disorder of dental tissue, its aetiology has not yet been well explained. In the present case, odontodysplasia with oligodontia in the permanent dentition is reported. The patient was in good health with normal stature and no other physical abnormalities. His parents and siblings were dentally and medically normal. The primary teeth appeared to be normal except for the primary second molars, where the enamel was malformed. However, the permanent incisors that had erupted into the oral cavity showed rough and hypoplastic enamel. An orthopantomogram showed 17 congenitally missing permanent teeth and malformation of the other 11 permanent teeth and tooth-germs. Because these findings were caused by developmental disturbances of both the mesodermal and ectodermal dental components, we diagnosed the present case as odontodysplasia accompanied by oligodontia in the permanent dentition.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/67. epidermolysis bullosa acquisita: clinical manifestations, microscopic findings, and surgical periodontal therapy. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is an uncommon, acquired, chronic subepidermal bullous disease. This report describes a case of EBA with gingival involvement. A 43-year-old woman with EBA was referred to our clinic for periodontal therapy because of gingival tenderness and bleeding. She has been on cyclosporin A therapy for the last 2 years. methods: Clinical findings were analyzed. Anterior gingivectomy operations were performed in 2 stages. The samples obtained during the surgery were examined using histopathologic, immunohistologic, and electronmicroscopic methods. Long-term effects of the surgical periodontal treatment on gingiva were evaluated both clinically and microscopically. RESULTS: The dentition displayed minimal enamel hypoplasia. Decayed, missing, and filled surfaces score was found to be elevated. Periodontal examination showed generalized diffuse gingival inflammation and gingival enlargement localized mainly to the anterior region. Nikolsky's sign was positive. However, wound healing was uneventful after the operations. Microscopic findings were similar to those obtained from the skin. Twenty-one months after the operations, Nikolsky's sign was negative and no remarkable gingival inflammation was noted. Microscopic examination revealed that the blisters were fewer in number and smaller in size. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that gingival tissues may also be involved in EBA. Uneventful wound healing after periodontal surgery in this case suggests that periodontal surgery can be performed in patients with EBA. Moreover, both our clinical and histopathologic findings imply that gingivectomy proves useful in maintaining gingival integrity in these patients. Our data may also suggest that the patients with EBA are highly likely to develop dental caries.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.4680086083808
keywords = dental, gingival
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/67. Otodental syndrome: a case report and genetic considerations.

    A 5-year-old boy presented with otodental syndrome. His maxillary and mandibular incisors were within normal limits. The premolar/molar areas in all quadrants were occupied by markedly macrodontic teeth showing globular shape. The canines had a similar rounded shape. Two canines and 1 of the other abnormal teeth demonstrated areas of yellow hypoplastic enamel. Radiographs revealed that some of the abnormal teeth had bifurcated pulp chambers and pulp stones. Premolar tooth germs were absent. audiometry demonstrated that the child had a marked bilateral sensorineural hearing loss for frequencies above 1000 Hz. No other members of the immediate family were clinically affected. The parents of the child were not aware of any similarly affected relatives. Suggestions with respect to possible genetic mechanisms and gene participation in the etiology of this syndrome are offered.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/67. Seckel syndrome: report of a case.

    An interesting case of a seven years old boy with a combination of clinical, genetic, radiological, pathologic and dental findings is presented in view of Seckel syndrome literature. General appearance of the patient was characterized by small forehead, posteriorly slanted ears, slightly beaked nose, midfacial hypoplasia very stunted stature with microcephaly. He had borderline mental retardation with normal motor development. Class II dentoskeletal pattern with mild overjet and open bite, congenitally missing permanent teeth, microdontia, enamel hypoplasia, taurodontism and dentinal dysplasia was observed according to the clinical and radiographic examination. In conclusion, Seckel syndrome is not encountered routinely in dental clinics, this case illustrates the importance of dental care in such a rare condition.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/67. amelogenesis imperfecta: diagnosis and resolution of a case with hypoplasia and hypocalcification of enamel, dental agenesis, and skeletal open bite.

    A case of amelogenesis imperfecta with hypoplasia, hypocalcification of the enamel, congenital absence of teeth 12 and 22, delayed eruption of tooth 23, edge-to-edge incisal relationship, open bite, and bilateral posterior cross bite at the level of the first and second premolars is presented. Lateral skull teleradiography indicated a Class III skeletal pattern of maxillary origin associated with a dolichofacial pattern with multiple indicators of facial hyperdivergence. The patient presented a major esthetic abnormality of the face and required orthodontic treatment prior to a prosthetic solution with full-coverage metal-ceramic crowns in both the maxilla and the mandible. The diagnosis of cases such as this one and the therapeutic implications from an orthodontic and prosthetic standpoint are reported.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 4
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/67. Oral findings in alagille syndrome. A case report.

    OBJECTIVE: To highlight the role of dental practitioners in the management of children with liver diseases. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 13-year-old girl with alagille syndrome presented with oral manifestation of end-stage liver disease that needed liver transplant. The dentition showed hypoplastic lesions and severe discoloration. The gingiva was inflamed and edematous due to poor oral hygiene and possibly to the medication the child was placed on to reduce graft rejection. CONCLUSION: Dental considerations should be incorporated in the overall management of children with liver disease and transplant. Consultation with a dental practitioner should be sought before, during and after treatment of such cases.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Dental Enamel Hypoplasia'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.