Cases reported "Dental Fistula"

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1/47. Management of an avulsed primary incisor.

    The case describes the management of an avulsed maxillary central primary incisor of a 3 1/2-year-old girl. The tooth was retained in the oral cavity for 30 min. After replantation it was splinted for 17 days. At day 11 the root canal was completely instrumented and obturated with a calcium hydroxide paste. The 1-year follow-up documented no pathologic clinical or radiographic findings. One and a half years after the trauma the tooth was extracted since a fistula and extensive external inflammatory resorption had developed. The permanent successor erupted along with its neighboring central incisor without any complications 6 months later. Conventional approaches for treating avulsed permanent teeth could also be applied to avulsed primary incisors to preserve them for a certain period without the additional risk of damaging their developing permanent successors.
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2/47. A case of an odontogenic cutaneous sinus tract.

    CASE REPORT: A 22-year-old female presented with a draining sinus tract on her left cheek. The tooth responsible was examined clinicopathologically. On clinical examination, the mandibular left first molar tooth was restored with an amalgam filling. Radiographic examination revealed base or pulp capping material below the restoration and a radiolucent periapical lesion surrounding the distal root apex. Conservative non-surgical root canal treatment was performed; 10 months later, the sinus had healed completely and the periapical lesion had resolved. Histopathological examination of pulp tissue recovered during treatment revealed foreign bodies, made up of capping material and amalgam, associated with chronic inflammation. These findings suggested that chronic inflammation in the pulp tissue had resulted in a draining sinus tract.
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3/47. Median mental sinus in twins.

    Sinus on the chin can be the result of a chronic apical abscess due to pulp necrosis of a mandibular anterior tooth. The tooth is usually asymptomatic, and a dental cause is therefore not apparent to the patient or the unsuspecting clinician. Not infrequently, the patient may seek treatment from a dermatologist or general surgeon instead of a dentist. Excision and repair of the fistula may be carried out with subsequent breakdown because the dental pathology is not removed. This paper reports the presence of median mental sinus of dental origin in twins. One case healed following root canal therapy while the other required both root canal therapy and surgery to eliminate the infection.
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4/47. A cautionary tale. Case report.

    A healthy 26 year old female underwent unsuccessful surgery for an incorrectly diagnosed sebaceous cyst in the cheek. Eventually the problem was traced to a non-vital tooth 24. When the tooth was treated endodontically, the situation resolved in one week.
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5/47. A suspected periradicular scar: treat or not?

    This paper presents an unusual case of a tooth with multiple adjacent endodontic problems. The diagnosis was complicated by a bony scar that untypically was located around the apex of one of the teeth.
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6/47. Periodontal signs and symptoms associated with vertical root fracture.

    This report describes the clinical presentation of three cases of vertical root fractures in adult patients where an initial diagnosis of localized periodontitis had been considered. Loss of the affected tooth occurred in all of these patients. The effects of endodontic therapy and the provision of post-retained restorations are considered in relation to their potential effect of weakening the root and predisposing the tooth to vertical fracture. The last case presents an unrestored molar tooth with a complete vertical root fracture.
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7/47. Garre's osteomyelitis of an unusual origin in a 8-year-old child. A case report.

    Garre's osteomyelitis is a type of chronic osteomyelitis that primarily affects children and adolescents. Although the disease is well described in the dental literature and is usually associated with an odontogenic infection resulting from caries, a number of other causative factors have been occasionally reported, such as a dental extraction or a mild periodontitis. There have also been cases of unknown aetiology. This paper describes a case of Garre's osteomyelitis in an 8-year-old child, in whom the condition arose following a local periodontal infection in an ectopically erupting first permanent molar that was in infraocclusion. The lesion remained unresolved for a period of over 6 months as a result of misdiagnosis, following a number of unsuccessful treatment attempts. Identification of the true cause and treatment through periodontal surgery resulted in lesion resolution and resolved the diagnostic problem. dentists should be aware that the periodontium may be a potential source of infection for Garre's osteomyelitis in children, particularly in the presence of ectopically erupting posterior teeth. In such cases, periodontal treatment should be sufficient to treat the disease and extraction of the tooth involved may not be necessary.
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8/47. Two cases of totally submerging buried primary molars: characterization of clinical behavior and discussion of cause.

    Submerging buried tooth is a rare condition whose clinical characteristics are unclear. Two cases are reported of submerging buried maxillary second deciduous molar. A review of the literature in Japanese and English provides the clinical condition of the lesion and allows for discussion of its causes.
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9/47. Cutaneous sinus tract from remaining tooth fragment of edentulous maxilla.

    Cutaneous sinus tract of dental origin usually arises from chronic dental infections. These tracts usually appear as suppurative lesions of the chin or neck. Because many patients with this lesion do not have any complaints of oral symptoms, these lesions are often diagnosed incorrectly and overlooked, and are also treated ineffectively. A case of an unusual presentation of a chronic suppurative granuloma on nasolabial fold, which originated from the remaining tooth fragment of edentulous maxilla, is reported. Treatment with removal of the tooth fragment as well as the sinus tract resulted in complete healing of the lesion. This report emphasizes the importance of awareness of the possible dental origin of facial sinuses, despite their unusual location.
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10/47. Unusual presentation of mandibular extraoral sinus in a fourteen year old girl: a case report.

    A case of fourteen year old healthy girl with complaint of a discharging sinus on the lower right side of face is reported. All teeth were vital and there was no evidence of periodontitis. There was no history of extraction of a tooth. Total leucocyte count, differential leucocyte count, fasting blood sugar, chest x-ray and routine urine examination were within normal limits. actinomycosis and scrofuloderma which simulate such a condition were ruled out by culture study. The intraoral periapical x-ray of mandibular molar showed questionable periapical changes at the time of presentation. But definite osteolysis was observed in the repeat radiograph after three months. It was decided to extract the second molar and curette the sinus tract. The extraction proved to be difficult. On examination of the extracted tooth, it was found that the mandibular second molar and second premolar were fused together. The radiograph of the tooth taken after extraction showed confluence of the premolar pulp with the periodontal membrane. On follow up, the lesion was found to heal satisfactorily.
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