Cases reported "Dental Pulp Diseases"

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1/80. Reattachment of a subgingivally fractured central incisor tooth fragment: report of a case.

    A case report of a 9-year-old boy with a fractured maxillary right incisor and ulcerated pulp at the fracture line is presented. On satisfactory completion of a root canal filling one week later, the access cavity was restored with glass ionomer cement. The fragment was reattached by a light activated hybrid composite during the flap surgery. tetracycline hydrochloride was applied on open root surface for a better healing. ( info)

2/80. guided tissue regeneration in the management of severe periodontal-endodontic lesions.

    diagnosis of combined periodontal-endodontic lesions can prove difficult and frustrating. They are often characterised by extensive loss of periodontal attachment and alveolar bone, and their successful management depends on careful clinical evaluation, accurate diagnosis, and a structured approach to treatment planning for both the periodontic and endodontic components. Recent advances in regenerative periodontics have led to improved management of periodontal-endodontic lesions. This paper reviews the management of such lesions in light of these recent advances and illustrates this through reports of two patients who had severe periodontal involvement. ( info)

3/80. herpes zoster of the trigeminal nerve third branch: a case report and review of the literature.

    literature review AND CASE REPORT: A literature review of herpes zoster of the trigeminal nerve is presented. Included are differential diagnosis and treatment modalities that will enable the dental practitioner to identify and manage this disease. A case report is provided to amplify this timely information. ( info)

4/80. apexification & apexogenesis.

    When there is pulpal involvement of permanent teeth with incompletely formed roots, techniques for the induction of apical closure should be completed before endodontic therapy is begun. apexification is a method of inducing a calcified barrier at the apex of a nonvital tooth with incomplete root formation. Apexogenesis refers to a vital pulp therapy procedure performed to encourage physiological development and formation of the root end. ( info)

5/80. Endo-Antral syndrome and various endodontic complications.

    The purpose of this paper was to examine the varied impact of the pathological spread of dental sepsis into the adjacent maxillary sinus. This complex of tissue destruction is called Endo-Antral syndrome; the usual radiographic diagnostic features are identified in the paper. The four different cases presented serve to illuminate a few of the many diagnostic and treatment challenges involved. Emphasis is placed on the utilization of a keen sense of wariness when endodontically treating maxillary posterior teeth whose apexes are close to the sinus. Dental examination should include an appraisal of antral health prior to root canal therapy to best plan treatment and to establish a base line against which to judge subsequent developments. ( info)

6/80. Endodontic radiographs: realities and illusions.

    Several case reports show how, on occasion, radiographs fail to disclose important realities. The illusions that are presented radiographically have the potential to misdirect diagnosis and treatment as well. ( info)

7/80. A suspected periradicular scar: treat or not?

    This paper presents an unusual case of a tooth with multiple adjacent endodontic problems. The diagnosis was complicated by a bony scar that untypically was located around the apex of one of the teeth. ( info)

8/80. Malformations in maxillary incisors: case report of radicular palatal groove.

    This report describes malformations of anterior teeth and a case of a palatal radicular groove in an upper lateral incisor with periodontal complications. The patient was first diagnosed with an endodontic problem. Endodontic treatment alone failed to resolve the pain. Therefore, after the palatal groove had been properly diagnosed, a palatal flap procedure was carried out including removal of the granulation tissue and careful scaling and root planing of the area with the groove. No odontoplasty was done. Endodontic therapy of the tooth was completed and periapical healing was evident. The treatment effectively reduced the gingival probing depth and led to an asymptomatic tooth. ( info)

9/80. The lateral periodontal cyst: aetiology, clinical significance and diagnosis.

    The lateral periodontal cyst (LPC) is a relatively uncommon but widely recognized odontogenic cyst of developmental origin. It is found mostly in adults and has no sex predilection. LPC is usually discovered during routine radiographic examination, is located mainly between the roots of vital mandibular canines and premolars, and seldom causes pain or other clinical symptoms. The defect appears on radiographs as a round or teardrop-shaped, well circumscribed radiolucency. Due to its location it can easily be misdiagnosed as a lesion of endodontic origin. In this paper, two cases of lateral periodontal cysts are presented. In the first case, the patient (woman, 62 years old) complained of an asymptomatic gingival swelling in the region between the right maxillary canine and premolar. The radiographic examination revealed a well circumscribed radiolucency with a radiopaque margin between the roots of the canine and premolar. The adjacent teeth had vital pulp. Surgical enucleation of the lesion was performed and the histological examination revealed that the lesion was a "lateral periodontal cyst of developmental origin". In the second case, the patient (women, 44 years old) complained of a swelling in the area of tooth 32. During radiographic examination a well circumscribed radiolucency between the roots of the lateral incisor and the canine was discovered. Surgical enucleation of the lesion was performed and the histological examination revealed that the lesion was a "lateral periodontal cyst of developmental origin". ( info)

10/80. Garre's osteomyelitis associated with a fistula: a case report.

    A report of Garre's osteomyelitis of the mandible associated with a fistula is presented. Elimination of pulpal periapical infection through endodontic therapy was shown to be an effective treatment. The total bone healing was observed one year later. ( info)
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