Cases reported "Dental Pulp Diseases"

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11/80. The pulpectomy in primary teeth.

    BACKGROUND: The pulpectomy is an underutilized treatment modality for severely infected primary teeth. CASE DESCRIPTION: The author presents two pulpectomy cases that were filled with Vitapex. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Vitapex is an excellent filling material for primary tooth pulpectomies. Its clinical characteristics and ease of use may make the pulpectomy procedure a more-attractive alternative to extraction. ( info)

12/80. Evaluation of aggressive pulp therapy in a population of vitamin d-resistant rickets patients: a follow-up of 4 cases.

    This investigation collected clinical and radiographic data from a retrospective chart review of 4 patients receiving prophylactic formocresol pulpotomies and stainless steel crowns following a dental abscess associated with a medical diagnosis of vitamin-D resistant rickets (VDRR) at texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children in Dallas, Tex. Clinical and radiographic data were available for 29 primary teeth in 4 children, with follow-up times ranging from 2 years, 1 month to 5 years, 6 months. Based on available recalls of 29 teeth treated following the prophylactic formocresol pulpotomy, 22 failed clinically. The earliest failure occurred at 3 months; the longest time to failure was 3 years, 9 months. No trends were discernable between tooth type and failure rate, although the shorter the time between eruption of the tooth and pulpotomy treatment, the greater the chance of success. Presently, there is not enough evidence to suggest that prophylactic pulpotomy therapy in VDRR patients is beneficial in preserving their primary dentition. ( info)

13/80. Restorative management of the worn dentition: 3. Localized posterior toothwear.

    In the management of localized posterior occlusal toothwear, care must be taken not only in determining whether the worn teeth are restorable, but also the desirable occlusal scheme. Assessments of the periodontal, endodontic, and coronal tooth tissues, and the occlusal relationship are necessary for a comprehensive treatment plan for worn posterior teeth. ( info)

14/80. The diagnosis of referred orofacial dental pain.

    Every patient's description of the location of pain must be treated with caution. In order to arrive at a diagnosis of pain a logical method should be employed. This consists of the history and clinical examination including pulp tests and radiographs. Where the patient complains of pain on hot or cold, an attempt should be made to reproduce the patient's pain to check on the accuracy of its description and to aid in localisation. patients frequently refer pain to previously endodontically-treated teeth. These may not be the cause of the problem. In order to facilitate the process of diagnosis the following hypothesis has been advanced. A tooth can only be the source of pain if there are objective signs associated with that tooth. Lack of response to pulp tests constitutes such a sign, provided the tooth has not previously been endodontically treated. If, however, such treatment has taken place, (regardless of whether this was well or poorly executed), a further objective sign other than lack of vitality is required before such a tooth can be implicated as the source of pain. The guidelines suggested are illustrated by means of clinical examples. ( info)

15/80. Pathologic interactions in pulpal and periodontal tissues.

    Both endodontic and periodontal disease are caused by a mixed anaerobic infection. The pathways for the spread of bacteria between pulpal and periodontal tissues have been discussed with controversy. This article is an attempt to provide a rational approach to the perio-endo/endo-perio question based on a review of the relevant literature. In the light of evidence, clinical concepts for the diagnosis and treatment of lesions involving both periodontal and pulpal tissues are discussed. ( info)

16/80. Pulp therapy in a maxillary fused primary central incisor--report of a case.

    This paper describes a case in which pulp therapy was provided in a fused maxillary primary central incisor in a 4-year-old patient with a history of fistula on the gingival mucosa. The tooth involved was larger than expected, suggesting fusion. The diagnosis of fusion was confirmed on radiographical examination. The clinical management of the case is described and the diagnosis and treatment discussed. ( info)

17/80. Dental management of patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation for aplastic anemia.

    Acquired aplastic anemia is a rare hematologic disease characterized by a hypoplastic bone marrow and peripheral pnacytopenia. In severe cases, where conservative medical management has been unsuccessful, bone marrow transplantation is now being performed. Between the years 1971 and 1975, twenty-two patients with severe aplastic anemia were seen at the Children's Hospital Medical Center. This article discusses the oral presentations of aplastic anemia and the dental management of nine patients without and thirteen with transplantations. ( info)

18/80. Management of a hyperdivergent Class III malocclusion, maxillary midline diastema, and infected mandibular incisors in a young adult.

    This is a case report of a 20-year-old woman with a hyperdivergent Class III malocclusion, infected mandibular incisors, maxillary midline diastema, and a mild tongue thrust. Extraction of the infected incisors and orthodontic treatment involving partial mesial movement of the remaining mandibular teeth produced a well-intercuspated Class III occlusion. After successful orthodontic treatment, a 4-unit bridge with pontics for the mandibular central incisors completed the rehabilitation and met the functional, esthetic, and occlusal treatment goals. Occlusal stability of the treatment result has been excellent in the 3-year follow-up. ( info)

19/80. Pulp canal obliteration in an unerupted permanent incisor following trauma to its primary predecessor: a case report.

    Trauma to a primary tooth may result in damage to the underlying developing permanent tooth bud because of the close proximity between the root of the primary tooth and its permanent successor. We report an unusual case where injury to the primary dentition resulted in pulp canal obliteration (PCO) of a permanent maxillary central incisor prior to its eruption. The other permanent maxillary central incisor was diagnosed as malformed because of trauma to the primary dentition at an earlier age. The occurrences of PCO or crown malformation dose not routinely disrupt the eruption of those teeth. Periodic assessment is required to determine the need for endodontic intervention. ( info)

20/80. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma disguised as odontogenic pain.

    A patient was treated for infraorbital swelling, nonvital teeth and a periapical lesion. Suspected malignancy, confirmed with an early biopsy, resulted in diagnosis of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. ( info)
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