Cases reported "Dental Pulp Necrosis"

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1/34. Diagnosis and treatment of cutaneous facial sinus tracts of dental origin.

    BACKGROUND: Cutaneous draining sinus tracts of dental origin often are a diagnostic challenge. A delay in correctly diagnosing these types of lesions can result in ineffective and inappropriate treatment. CASE DESCRIPTION: The authors present five cases of facial lesions that were initially misdiagnosed as lesions of nonodontogenic origin. The correct diagnosis in each case was cutaneous sinus tract secondary to pulpal necrosis and suppurative apical periodontitis. All facial sinus tracts resolved after the patients received nonsurgical root canal therapy. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: As patients with cutaneous facial sinus tracts of dental origin often do not have obvious dental symptoms, possible dental etiology may be overlooked. Early correct diagnosis and treatment of these lesions can help prevent unnecessary and ineffective antibiotic therapy or surgical treatment.
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keywords = dental
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2/34. A multidisciplinary approach to the treatment of an intruded maxillary permanent incisor complicated by the presence of two mesiodentes.

    Treatment of a traumatically intruded maxillary incisor with an immature apex remains controversial. Treatment options include observation, surgical repositioning, or orthodontic forced eruption. Likewise, the ideal timing of surgical removal of a mesiodens is highly controversial: immediate versus delayed intervention. The complications associated with untreated supernumerary teeth include: overretention of primary teeth, delayed eruption of permanent incisors, rotations, impaction, diastema, pulp necrosis and root resorption. Less common sequelae include enlarged follicular sacs, cystic degeneration and nasal eruption. This paper describes another risk factor associated with delayed removal of a mesiodens previously not mentioned in the dental literature, namely potential complications arising from a traumatic injury, in particular intrusion, of the maxillary permanent incisors.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = dental
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3/34. Treatment of middle-apical level root fracture in necrotic teeth.

    The purpose of this paper is to present two case reports of dental trauma with middle-apical level root fractures and pulp necrosis. The treatment consisted of programmed applications of calcium hydroxide until a calcified barrier was formed at the fracture level. The technique presented here proved efficient in treating horizontal fractures at the middle and apical thirds of the root.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = dental
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4/34. Pseudo-dental pain and sensitivity to percussion.

    Two case reports examine a little-known cause of dental pain and sensitivity to percussion. Contrary to the traditional assumption that pain and sensitivity to percussion almost always are diagnostic of pulpal inflammation and/or necrosis, these symptoms actually may be referred to the sensitive tooth from trigger points in the masticatory muscles. Therefore, myofascial pain syndrome must be ruled out in patients who have dental pain and display sensitivity to percussion.
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ranking = 0.75
keywords = dental
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5/34. Internal root resorption associated with inadequate caries removal and orthodontic therapy.

    This case report presents a case of internal root resorption originating from inadequate caries removal and orthodontic therapy in maxillary right lateral incisor in a 13-yr-old female. A preoperative, panoramic radiograph taken at the orthodontic office showed no evidence of resorption, however, the composite restoration in the coronal portion was inadequate. During 4 months of nickel titanium orthodontic wire activation, the patient suffered spontaneous pain. Periapical radiographs revealed internal root resorption in the middle third of the root. Endodontic treatment was accomplished and coronal restorations were completed with composite resin. Periodical radiograph examination as well as orthodontic treatment was continued. The tooth was clinically and radiographically healthy at the 18-month follow-up. The importance of the preoperative radiographic examination as well as radiographs during orthodontic treatment is affirmed.
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ranking = 0.068485084276694
keywords = caries
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6/34. Apical healing of an endodontically treated tooth with a temporary restoration.

    A 35-yr-old, healthy male presented to the graduate endodontic clinic at indiana University School of Dentistry for treatment of tooth #26. Two and one-half yr after treatment, the patient returned to the dental school for comprehensive treatment. The canal access opening had been restored with an intact interim restorative material restoration. The tooth was asymptomatic, and radiographic examination showed evidence of apical healing. In this article, a review of the literature concerning crown-down leakage is presented. A case report is given in which healing occurred after the tooth was restored with only an interim restorative material for an extended period of time.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = dental
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7/34. Human enamel veneer restoration in a deciduous tooth: clinical case.

    Trauma to deciduous anterior teeth, frequently occur in children, and the treatment is a big challenge for the pediatric dentistry. In these cases, besides the pain and discomfort provoked by the injury, both child and parents/persons responsible were eager to reconstruct the damage, as soon as possible. In modern operative restorative dentistry, no restorative material is able to substitute for the human dental enamel in quality, color and resistance. The aim of this paper is to relate the treatment of esthetic veneer (facet) of human dental enamel in a three-year-old child after trauma that caused concussion and accentuated color alteration. Clinical results showed an efficient esthetical resolution, revealing it to be a good alternative for treatment of traumatized anterior deciduous teeth.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = dental
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8/34. Transient apical breakdown following tooth luxation.

    Transient apical breakdown is a sequelae of certain dental traumatic injuries where the injured tissues undergo a spontaneous process of repair with no permanent damage to the pulp. Misdiagnosis of this condition may result in unnecessary endodontic treatment. Presented is a case of transient apical breakdown following a subluxation injury of a maxillary central incisor in a 15-year-old girl. Four months after injury, coronal discoloration, periapical radiolucency as well as negative pulp responses to cold and electric tests were still recorded. Subsequently, the tooth spontaneously regained its original shade and the pulp responded normally to pulp sensitivity tests. methods for early diagnosis of transient apical breakdown are discussed.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = dental
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9/34. Endodontic treatment of dens invaginatus type III with three root canals and open apical foramen.

    AIM: To describe the conservative endodontic treatment and the 1-year follow-up of a permanent maxillary lateral incisor with dens invaginatus. SUMMARY: Frequently, the root canal treatment of invaginated teeth is challenging because of problems associated with gaining access to the root canals and with variations of canal morphology associated with this type of malformation. The present case describes the complex root canal treatment of dens invaginatus in a maxillary lateral incisor with three root canals (Oehler type III), incomplete apex formation, necrotic pulp and abscess formation. After gaining access to two root canals and the invagination with the help of a dental operating-microscope, the canals and the invagination were instrumented and calcium hydroxide dressing was applied for 6 months. apexification and osseous bone repair were achieved, and the canals were filled with gutta-percha. A follow-up after 1 year showed that the tooth was free of any clinical symptoms and the periapical condition was normal. KEY learning POINTS: The present case demonstrated that conservative root canal treatment can be performed successfully even in sever cases of dens invaginatus. The use of a dental operating microscope can help in the management of complicated cases of invaginated teeth through conventional root canal treatment.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = dental
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10/34. Dental alterations associated with X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets.

    The X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets is a rare metabolic disorder characterized by low serum phosphate levels caused by a decreased renal tubular reabsorption of inorganic phosphates. The initial complaints are a delay in the development of walking caused by deformity of the legs. Oral findings include poorly mineralized dentin, enlarged pulp chambers and root canals, and periradicular abscesses in caries-free teeth. We present three patients from the same family with X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets showing bone and dental alterations.
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ranking = 0.13869701685534
keywords = dental, caries
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