Cases reported "Dentin Sensitivity"

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1/10. Microabrasion of teeth with discoloration resembling hypomaturation enamel defects: four-year follow up.

    Microabrasion with 18% HCl and pumice to remove enamel dysmineralization and improve esthetics is an accepted and effective treatment. This technique can probably be extended even to generalized defects resembling hypomaturation amelogenesis imperfecta that appear on all erupted teeth. Five children aged 9 to 11 with two types of enamel-hypomaturation probably due to developmental defects were treated successfully by microabrasion, with marked improvement of the discoloration. The patients were followed for up to four years. During this period, no tooth-sensitivity or staining was noted. The teeth looked healthier and shinier.
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2/10. Diagnosis and dental treatment of a young adult patient with gastroesophageal reflux: a case report with 2-year follow-up.

    A young adult who complained of extreme dentin sensitivity to tactile and thermal stimuli exhibited severe, generalized tooth erosion and an associated parafunctional habit. The diagnosis of the underlying general disease and treatment of its dental sequelae are presented, together with a 2-year follow up. patients who are suspected of having gastroesophageal reflux should be referred to a gastroenterologist or other health professionals to ensure early diagnosis and treatment of the underlying disorder, thus minimizing the destruction of the patient's dentition and improving the patient's general health. Dental treatment should be adjusted to fit the characteristics of each case.
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3/10. The restoration of functional occlusion and esthetics.

    Severe occlusal destruction, whether it results from attrition, abrasion, or erosion, must be met with definitive diagnosis and treatment. This case report illustrates the step-by-step diagnosis and treatment of a patient with severe occlusal wear. Restoration of a functional occlusion and esthetics involved endodontic treatment, reestablishment of the vertical dimension of occlusion, osseous periodontal surgery, and placement of single-tooth cast glass-ceramic crowns.
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4/10. Oral rehabilitation of a young adult with hypoplastic amelogenesis imperfecta: a clinical report.

    This clinical report describes the oral rehabilitation of a young adult patient diagnosed with hypoplastic amelogenesis imperfecta. The specific objectives of this treatment were to eliminate tooth sensitivity while enhancing esthetics and restoring masticatory function. Treatment included removal of several teeth, lengthening of the maxillary and mandibular clinical crowns, and placement of anterior and posterior metal-ceramic fixed partial dentures. The 2-year recall examination revealed no pathology associated with the rehabilitation, and the patient's esthetic and functional expectations were satisfied.
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5/10. Coronally positioned flap with subepithelial connective tissue graft for root coverage: various indications and flap designs.

    Aesthetic concerns and functional abnormalities, such as dentin hypersensitivity, are often associated with gingival recession defects. Root coverage procedures aim to restore both gingival aesthetics and function in recession defects. The coronally positioned flap combined with the subepithelial connective tissue graft is one of the most widely used root coverage procedures. The present report illustrates four different indications where this procedure has been successfully employed. An isolated Miller class II recession defect associated with frenum pull, multiple adjacent Miller class I defects in the aesthetic zone, an isolated Miller class I defect associated with dentin hypersensitivity, and an isolated Miller class II defect on a retained deciduous tooth are the four diverse conditions treated by periodontal plastic surgery. Different approaches were used to create the coronally positioned flap. Treatment resulted in complete root coverage, resolution of hypersensitivity, and satisfaction of the patients' aesthetic concerns. An effective and predictable treatment modality, such as the coronally positioned flap combined with the subepithelial connective tissue graft, should be considered when treatment planning for gingival recession defects.
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6/10. Post-insertion sensitivity with a bonded etched cast metal prosthesis. Case report.

    An interesting case of post-insertion sensitivity in a patient who had an etched cast metal prosthesis (maryland Bridge) cemented with a recently marketed resin luting agent is discussed. This case report draws attention to the fact that despite the relative conservatism and simplicity commonly associated with abutment tooth preparation for resin bonded prostheses, dentine exposure should be avoided if possible to reduce the potential for chemical irritation of the pulp by components of the resin luting system.
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7/10. The diagnosis and treatment of the cracked tooth syndrome.

    Teeth restored with intracoronal restorations that provide no protection of the cusps from occlusal loading may fracture completely or partially. An incomplete dentinal fracture of a vital posterior tooth may cause pain. This condition is commonly known as the "cracked tooth syndrome". Location of the dentinal crack is difficult and must be guided by a precise history, thermal pulp testing and inspection of the dentinal walls within the suspect tooth. The number, extent and direction of the fracture lines may be ascertained readily by using transillumination and magnification. This allows the clinician to distinguish between oblique and vertical cracks. Treatment of oblique incomplete fracture relies on desensitisation of the hypersensitive dentine followed by splinting of the tooth fragments. Treatment of vertical incomplete fracture requires pulpectomy and immediate splinting of the crown. Two case reports are presented.
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8/10. A new desensitizing dentifrice: preliminary report.

    dentin sensitivity is one of the most painful, ubiquitous, and least satisfactorily treated chronic problems of the teeth. The purpose of this clinical trial was to test the sensitivity-reducing effectiveness of five dentifrices over a six-week period. For the study, 176 adults, ages 18 to 63, exhibiting a total of 486 hypersensitive surfaces, were randomly allocated to five experimental groups to use one of the following: a strontium chloride dentifrice, a 0.4% stannous fluoride gel, a pluronic F-127-sodium citrate gel, a pluronic F-127 gel, or a control dentifrice. No specific instructions were provided as to the frequency or method of toothbrushing; thus, the participants brushed their teeth in their usual manner. The analysis of the data was limited to 168 persons who complied with study procedures. Chi-square analysis examined the statistical differences between the four test agents and the control formulation. The desensitizing effect of the pluronic plus sodium citrate gel was highly significant, and the plain pluronic F-127 preparation was effective to a lesser degree. patients using the strontium chloride or stannous-fluoride-containing dentifrices did not exhibit a significant improvement over the control group. This study demonstrated that a pluronic polyol gel containing sodium citrate is highly effective in controlling tooth hypersensitivity.
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9/10. Treatment of anterior tooth wear with gold palatal veneers.

    We report the treatment of a case of acute sensitivity of the maxillary incisor teeth caused by chronic regurgitation of gastric contents. The resultant erosive lesions on the palatal surfaces involved extensive tooth surface loss with exposure of dentine. Palatal coverage of these teeth was achieved using gold alloy veneers and resulted in complete eradication of the symptoms. The procedures involved in the preparation and placement of the restorations are described.
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10/10. Case report: the use of indirect composite for the management of extensive erosion.

    Erosive tooth surface loss due to acidic soft-drinks has been well documented. Unfortunately, the erosive danger, especially to young patients, of low calorie beverages seems less well appreciated. A clinical case is reported to highlight the problems that can occur with excessive exposure to such beverages. A method of restoring the damaged dentition using indirect composite is described. It is concluded that indirect composite may be particularly suited for the restoration of eroded dentitions, especially in young patients where aesthetics and repairability are important. Further clinical studies are necessary to assess the performance of these and other materials currently used in the management of erosive tooth wear.
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