Cases reported "Dentin Sensitivity"

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1/31. Supraoccluding cobalt-chrome onlays in the management of amelogenesis imperfecta in children: a 2-year case report.

    Children suffering from the inherited dental anomaly amelogenesis imperfecta frequently present with sensitive, discolored teeth and decreased lower facial height. The aim of treatment is to reduce sensitivity while maintaining the maximum amount of hard tissue possible until the patient reaches an age at which advanced restorative techniques can be used to rehabilitate the dentition. A case is presented in which amelogenesis imperfecta in the mixed dentition was managed by the placement of adhesive cast restorations. These restorations have been in place for 2 years. ( info)

2/31. Desensitization of exposed root surfaces using a semilunar coronally positioned flap.

    A definitive treatment is described for cervical dentinal sensitivity, featuring a semilunar coronally positioned flap to cover the denuded root surface. Many patients who complain of having sensitive teeth from exposed dentin secondary to gingival recession can be easily and conservatively treated with a semilunar flap procedure. ( info)

3/31. Microabrasion of teeth with discoloration resembling hypomaturation enamel defects: four-year follow up.

    Microabrasion with 18% HCl and pumice to remove enamel dysmineralization and improve esthetics is an accepted and effective treatment. This technique can probably be extended even to generalized defects resembling hypomaturation amelogenesis imperfecta that appear on all erupted teeth. Five children aged 9 to 11 with two types of enamel-hypomaturation probably due to developmental defects were treated successfully by microabrasion, with marked improvement of the discoloration. The patients were followed for up to four years. During this period, no tooth-sensitivity or staining was noted. The teeth looked healthier and shinier. ( info)

4/31. amelogenesis imperfecta: a case report.

    A case of amelogenesis imperfecta in a Nigerian is presented. Although the patient had almost full complement of teeth, their structure was physically weak and many of them were discoloured. Many of the teeth had lost their enamel and worn down rapidly causing great sensitivity, pain and aesthetic problems for the patient. The clinical features and management of this case are discussed. ( info)

5/31. Restoring function and esthetics in a patient with amelogenesis imperfecta: a case report.

    amelogenesis imperfecta is a hereditary disorder that affects enamel on primary and permanent teeth. It is a rare dental disease but represents a major restorative challenge for the dentist. A 14-year-old boy presented with sensitive, discolored, and mutilated teeth and a decreased vertical dimension of occlusion. The aim of treatment was to reduce dental sensitivity, to restore esthetics, and to correct the vertical dimension of occlusion. To modify the occlusion, and to protect the dentin from chemical and thermal attacks, nickel-chrome onlays were placed on the molars. To improve the esthetics of the incisors and premolars, resin composite restorations were applied. The patient was regularly recalled during the postoperative period. Radiographic and clinical examinations 10 months posttreatment revealed no evidence of disorders associated with the restored teeth or their supporting structures. ( info)

6/31. Diagnosis and dental treatment of a young adult patient with gastroesophageal reflux: a case report with 2-year follow-up.

    A young adult who complained of extreme dentin sensitivity to tactile and thermal stimuli exhibited severe, generalized tooth erosion and an associated parafunctional habit. The diagnosis of the underlying general disease and treatment of its dental sequelae are presented, together with a 2-year follow up. patients who are suspected of having gastroesophageal reflux should be referred to a gastroenterologist or other health professionals to ensure early diagnosis and treatment of the underlying disorder, thus minimizing the destruction of the patient's dentition and improving the patient's general health. Dental treatment should be adjusted to fit the characteristics of each case. ( info)

7/31. Gingival prostheses--a review.

    Gingival replacement is often a component of comprehensive prosthodontics. Gingival prostheses may be fixed or removable and may be made from acrylics, composite resins, silicones or porcelain-based materials. Undercuts or dental attachments are used to secure removable prostheses, which are esthetically pleasing and easy to maintain. This paper describes several clinical situations in which gingival prostheses were used effectively. ( info)

8/31. Gingival recessions caused by lip piercing: case report.

    fear of losing the teeth is common among patients presenting with gingival recession. This report describes a case in which unusual gingival recessions were caused by lip piercing. Periodontal treatment involved removal of the causative agent, hygiene instruction, scaling and root planing, and coverage of the root with a subepithelial connective tissue graft. The therapeutic measures applied in this case yielded satisfactory root coverage, an increase in the width of the keratinized gingiva, improvement in hygiene status and absence of dental hypersensitivity. ( info)

9/31. The restoration of functional occlusion and esthetics.

    Severe occlusal destruction, whether it results from attrition, abrasion, or erosion, must be met with definitive diagnosis and treatment. This case report illustrates the step-by-step diagnosis and treatment of a patient with severe occlusal wear. Restoration of a functional occlusion and esthetics involved endodontic treatment, reestablishment of the vertical dimension of occlusion, osseous periodontal surgery, and placement of single-tooth cast glass-ceramic crowns. ( info)

10/31. Full-mouth rehabilitation of a patient with bulimia nervosa. A case report.

    anorexia and bulimia nervosa are eating disorders seen mainly in adolescents or young patients. The dentist should be in the position to recognize early signs of the disorder and alert the patient (and the patient's parents, if necessary) of the possible physical, psychologi cal, and dental consequences. Such dental treatment may help motivate the patient to confront the problem. In this paper the full-mouth rehabilitation, using a combination of galvano- and metal-ceramic restorations, of a young patient suffering from bulimia nervosa is described. ( info)
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