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1/4. Contact dermatitis to incontinency pads in a (meth)acrylate allergic patient.

    BACKGROUND: The authors report a case of a 47-year-old woman who suffered a severe allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in the vulvar area after using Poise thin incontinency pads. She had a past history of ACD after the use of sculptured acrylic nails and after the installation of a dental crown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this report is to show the spectrum of (meth)acrylate allergy in one individual. methods: Patch testing of moistened inner and outer aspect of the pad was performed. We also patch tested with the North American Contact dermatitis Group series of 50 allergens, the dentistry series, various catalysts and inhibitors used in acrylic resin systems, and some epoxy acrylates. RESULTS: Positive ACD reaction occurred to both sides of the pad, with the inner aspect being stronger than the outer aspect. There were also multiple (meth)acrylate allergies. CONCLUSION: This case shows a new potential source of allergy to (meth)acrylates.
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keywords = dentistry
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2/4. Allergic contact dermatitis in a dental nurse induced by methacrylates.

    Allergy to acrylic plastics is rather frequent among doctors and dental technicians. A rare case of allergy to acrylates in a dental nurse (only one reports can be found in the literature) is presented. The patient reacted to eight chemical compounds of the group under study. UV-cured composites used in conservative dentistry for tooth filling was the source of allergy in the case under report.
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keywords = dentistry
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3/4. Acrylates induced rhinitis and contact dermatitis.

    Acrylates are a well-known cause of occupational contact dermatitis due to its widespread use in several settings such as dentistry, orthopaedic surgery, graphic industry and cosmetics. We describe the case of a manicurist who developed occupational rhinitis and allergic contact dermatitis induced by the application of acrylic-sculptured nails.
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ranking = 1
keywords = dentistry
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4/4. Metal allergy in dentistry: detection of allergen metals with X-ray fluorescence spectroscope and its application toward allergen elimination.

    Numerous metal allergies possibly resulting from intraoral metal restorations have been reported, although the mechanism of onset is not yet completely understood. Allergen elimination may be the most effective treatment, and location of allergen metal becomes essential. The x-ray fluorescence spectroscope was used to detect the allergen metals in intraoral metal restorations and personal and household items of metal allergy patients. The apparatus was evaluated preceding its clinical application, and restorations and personal items for 381 patients were analyzed to detect allergens. Successful diagnoses and allergen elimination treatment of three patients are reported.
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ranking = 4
keywords = dentistry
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