Cases reported "Dermatitis, Exfoliative"

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1/7. A case of pre-sezary syndrome preceded by hand lesions.

    Pre-sezary syndrome is an erythroderma with a chronic course, clinical findings of sezary syndrome, lymphocytic subepidermal band infiltration at times, and repeated cycles of circulating Sezary cells of less than 1,000 cells/mm3. Duration of the pre-existing skin diseases preceding pre-Sezary erythroderma varies from a few weeks to 20 years. Before the erythroderma develops, these patients are diagnosed with contact dermatitis, neurodermatitis, chronic dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, or asteatotic eczema. hand lesion also precedes the pre-Sezary erythroderma. This condition has been controlled by three cycles of chemotherapy consisting of vincristine, cytoxan, doxorubicin, and prednisolone. We describe a case of pre-sezary syndrome preceded by hand lesion and treated with chemotherapy.
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2/7. Hazards of steroid therapy in hepatic failure.

    Three patients with extensive skin disease and liver failure are described. Two were treated with large amounts of topical corticosteroids and one with a small oral dose of betamethasone. The former two patients developed Addisonian crises when they failed to apply the topical steroids and all three patients developed aseptic necrosis of bone. This report emphasizes that the hazards of steroid therapy may be increased in patients with hepatic failure.
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3/7. Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus presenting as erythroderma.

    We report the first case of subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus presenting with exfoliative erythroderma. Although our patient had uniquely extensive skin disease, she had the clinical, histologic, serologic, and immunogenetic features of subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Complete remission was obtained with a short course of systemic corticosteroids and long-term hydroxychloroquine therapy. We briefly discuss the usual features of subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus.
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4/7. HTLV-I positive progressive spastic paraparesis (TSP) associated with a lymphoid disorder in three Chilean patients.

    We describe the clinical and laboratory features in three Caucasian Chilean patients with tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP) associated with/or preceded by a lymphoproliferative disorder involving cutaneous lesions and localised lymphadenopathy. The neurological symptoms and signs were characteristic of TSP and CSF examination revealed the presence of oligoclonal bands. All three patients had a moderate leucocytosis (10-14 x 10(9)/l) with eosinophilia and a minority (2-4%) of circulating atypical polylobed or ATLL-like lymphocytes. Lymph node histology showed a diffuse pattern of infiltration (1 case) and marked expansion of the paracortical zone with convoluted lymphocytes and immunoblasts (2 cases). Skin biopsy demonstrated a dermal lymphoid infiltration with epidermotropism. antibodies to HTLV-I were detected in the serum and CSF in the three patients and Southern blot analysis of peripheral blood mononuclear cells showed a monoclonal integration of HTLV-I proviral dna in one case whereas in the two others the pattern was indicative of low level polyclonal integration. All three patients were treated with prednisolone and one with PUVA with transient partial response on the skin and neurological manifestations. Two patients died months to 5 years from presentation and the other is alive 12 years from diagnosis with active neurological and skin disease. The simultaneous occurrence of HTLV-I associated TSP with smouldering ATLL and a cutaneous ATLL or pre-leukaemic form is discussed.
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5/7. Normolipemic papular xanthomatosis in erythrodermic atopic dermatitis.

    We describe papular xanthomatosis that progressively developed in a patient with long-standing erythrodermic atopic dermatitis and normal lipid metabolism and without an associated systemic disease. light microscopy showed a lobulated aggregate of sometimes foamy histiocytes. Ultrastructurally, these histiocytes contained lipid inclusions and lacked features of Langerhans or epithelioid cells. Other granulomatous skin diseases such as tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, or foreign body granuloma were excluded by histologic study, polarizing microscopic examination, electron microscopy, and microbiologic investigations. Nevertheless, these xanthomas showed an antigen expression pattern similar to that found in noninfectious granulomas (CD1a-, MS-1-, CD11c , MRP-8/-14 , 25F9 , RM 3/1 /-, CD36( ), indicating that normolipemic papular xanthomatosis may be reactive process and should not be included among the true cutaneous non-Langerhans cell histiocytoses.
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6/7. mycosis fungoides in young patients: clinical characteristics and outcome.

    BACKGROUND: mycosis fungoides (MF) can begin as early as the first decade of life. Few studies have reviewed MF in younger patients and none has been large enough to assess prognosis and outcome. OBJECTIVE: We reviewed the clinical characteristics, prognosis, factors related to disease progression, and therapy in patients with MF younger than 35 years of age. methods: Fifty-eight patients were entered into this retrospective cohort analysis. Results: Significantly fewer patients with MF who are younger than 35 years presented with erythroderma (T4) and more with limited patch/plaque (T1) disease than older patients. Duration of skin disease before diagnosis of MF did not vary between the two groups. The long-term survival of younger patients with MF is significantly decreased when compared with a race-, age-, and sex-matched control population (p < 0.001). Disease-specific survivals (DSS) of younger and older patients are similar, but young patients show a slight but significantly better overall DSS (p < 0.02). However, DSS comparison of generalized patch/plaque (T2) and tumor stage (T3) patients with MF showed no significant difference between young and old patients (p=0.47, p=0.59). Patient age was not a significant predictor of survival when controlled for T-stage. Sixteen of 58 young patients with MF have died, 13 because of MF (22%), compared with 138 of 500 older patients (28%) who died as a result of MF. All younger patients with MF who progressed had at least T2 disease at presentation. Fifty of 56 young patients with MF and T1-T3 disease were treated initially with total skin electron beam or topical nitrogen mustard. The response to therapy was similar in younger and older patients with MF. CONCLUSION: T1 disease is more common and T4 disease is unusual in young patients with MF compared with an older population of patients with MF. Young patients with T1 disease, all of whom were treated with either topical nitrogen mustard or total skin electron beam therapy, or both therapies, showed no disease progression. overall, young patients with MF showed slightly better DSS, but this was because of differences in stage distribution.
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7/7. Lichenoid erythrodermic bullous pemphigoid of the African patient.

    BACKGROUND: lichen planus (LP) pemphigoides is defined by the concurrence of bullous pemphigoid (BP) and LP lesions. However, other autoimmune bullous skin diseases such as paraneoplastic pemphigus or bullous lupus erythematosus may also be associated with lichenoid eruptions. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to describe 3 African patients with a similar form of lichenoid erythrodermic BP. methods: medical records of the 3 patients were reviewed for clinical, histologic, and biologic data. The ultrastructural localization of autoantibody deposits was studied by direct and indirect immunoelectron microscopy. The antigenic specificities recognized by the patients' sera were analyzed by immunoblotting on human epidermal extracts. RESULTS: Three black African men had a severe lichenoid erythroderma associated with BP lesions involving the skin and mucosa. Histologic and direct immunofluorescence examination of skin and mucosal lesions were consistent with the diagnosis of BP associated with a lichenoid dermatitis. Immunoblot analysis of sera detected anti-BPAG1 and anti-BPAG2 antibodies and immunoelectron microscopy showed IgG deposits localized in the lamina lucida and the hemidesmosomes. The 3 patients were natives of an area near the senegal River and had the common HLA-DR10 haplotype. CONCLUSION: The clinical and histologic features of these 3 patients were distinct from classic LP pemphigoides. Their common geographic origin and the presence of the HLA-DR10 haplotype suggest that these cases represent a particular type of lichenoid erythrodermic BP, which is probably determined by genetic factors.
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