Cases reported "Dermatitis, Occupational"

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1/157. garlic-related dermatoses: case report and review of the literature.

    BACKGROUND: garlic is widely appreciated as a spice and as a vegetable as well as an over-the-counter phytotherapeutic. From a dermato-allergological standpoint, several garlic-related adverse reactions have to be distinguished. OBJECTIVE: The corresponding literature is reviewed briefly, with regard to our present observation of a cook, who contracted garlic-induced contact dermatitis being analyzed for its complex pathomechanism. methods: The patient showed a positive type-IV patch test reaction for diallyl disulfide, a low molecular weight garlic ingredient; and strong, non-irritant reactions after 20 min and 24 hrs in the scratch chamber test with fresh total garlic. RESULTS: Thus, in this case of an occupational dermatosis, protein contact dermatitis had to be considered, as well as allergic type-IV contact dermatitis as a co-existing pathomechanism. CONCLUSIONS: The spectrum of garlic-related adverse reactions comprises irritant contact dermatitis, with the rare variant of zosteriform dermatitis; induction of pemphigus, allergic asthma and rhinitis; contact urticaria; protein contact dermatitis; allergic contact dermatitis, including the hematogenic variant; as well as combinations thereof, as evidenced by our present case observation.
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ranking = 1
keywords = patch test, patch
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2/157. Facial dermatitis, contact urticaria, rhinoconjunctivitis, and asthma induced by potato.

    BACKGROUND: Potato contains multiple heat-labile proteins which can induce immediate hypersensitivity reactions. Rhino-conjunctivitis, asthma, contact urticaria and protein contact dermatitis have been described in association with potato exposure. OBJECTIVE: A patient with possible airborne facial dermatitis to potato is described. RESULTS: A middle-aged atopic housewife with pre-existent atopic dermatitis suffered from rhino-conjunctivitis, asthma, and contact urticaria when pealing raw potatoes, but her main complaint was intense, treatment-resistant dermatitis of the face. The investigations showed a positive prick test, a positive patch test, and positive specific serum IgE to raw potato. Potato avoidance led not only to the resolution of the immediate symptoms, but also of the facial dermatitis, suggesting she had dermatitis due to this vegetable. CONCLUSIONS: Potato may induce contact dermatitis with positive immediate and delayed hypersensitivity tests.
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ranking = 1
keywords = patch test, patch
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3/157. skin problems of musicians.

    OBJECTIVE: We investigated the skin problems of high level musicians in a professional orchestra. This study was prompted by our observation of violinists with skin changes. methods: Ninety-seven musicians were evaluated. Twelve reporting dermatitis associated with the playing of their instruments were patch tested. We also examined 20 singers (nonplayers). RESULTS: Positive patch test reactions to nickel and colophony were found in only three patients. Musicians were subject to a variety of skin problems from playing their instruments, however, such as hyperhidrosis, cheilitis, and calluses of the fingertips. Singers had skin problems including lichen planus, psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, and urticaria. It was thought that emotional factors exacerbate their problems. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this survey suggest a significant incidence of occupational- and stress-related skin problems in musicians.
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ranking = 1.0051870072861
keywords = patch test, patch
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4/157. Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from unsaturated polyester resin in a car repair putty.

    BACKGROUND: Unsaturated polyester (UP) resins are widely used as cements in car repair painting to produce a smooth surface before the final painting. We report two car painters with hand and face dermatitis who were sensitized to a UP resin used for car repair cements. methods: Patch testing with commercial substances and ingredients and extracts from UP resins was used to verify the sensitivity. RESULTS: Both patients showed an allergic patch test reaction to a UP resin. They also had an allergic patch test reaction to diethyleneglycol maleate (DEGM), an extract of a UP resin. CONCLUSIONS: Both patients had been patch tested elsewhere with negative results because UP resins had not been used for patch testing. Accordingly, patients with dermatitis who have been exposed to UP resins need to be patch tested with UP resins. The specific chemical causing allergic contact dermatitis in our patients was DEGM.
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ranking = 5
keywords = patch test, patch
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5/157. Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from olive oil in a masseur.

    Contact allergy to olive oil is considered rare. There are 20 cases of contact allergy to olive oil described, and 3 of these had an occupational hand eczema as a result of olive oil. We describe a masseur who was allergic to olive oil, resulting in an occupational hand eczema. Both patch tests and a use test with olive oil was undertaken. An oral provocation with olive oil was also performed. Both patch tests were positive, as was the use test after 2 days. The oral provocation test was negative. Despite contact allergy to olive oil being rare, sensitization occurs. The external use of olive oil should be discouraged, at least in masseurs, when used under occlusion, and in long-standing dermatoses.
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ranking = 2
keywords = patch test, patch
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6/157. Sensitization to triglycidylisocyanurate (TGIC) with cutaneous and respiratory manifestations.

    The case is presented of a man with allergic contact dermatitis and occupational asthma due to triglycidylisocyanurate (TGIC), which is used as a hardener in thermosetting powder paint. The contact dermatitis was confirmed by patch testing (TGIC 0.5% and 5% in petrolatum), and the occupational asthma was confirmed by bronchial provocation testing: two challenges to an aerosol of lactose containing TGIC (0.05% and 0.1%, w/w, each for 0.5 1 2 4 min) led to a maximal decrease in FEV1 of 22% and 31% after 6 and 4 h, respectively. skin prick tests with unconjugated TGIC were possibly positive. This case confirms that exposure to TGIC in powder paints may cause not only contact dermatitis, but also occupational asthma.
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ranking = 1
keywords = patch test, patch
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7/157. Leukoderma following occupational allergic contact dermatitis.

    We describe 2 cases of occupational allergic contact dermatitis followed by leukoderma. The 1st case was a 49-year-old wood machinist who developed leukoderma in areas of contact dermatitis involving his lips, neck, hands and forearms and was found to be allergic to colophony and pine sawdust on patch testing. The 2nd case involved a 44-year-old man who worked as an epoxy applicator in a ceramics factory. He developed depigmentation in areas of contact dermatitis involving his face, hands, forearms, back, thighs and legs and was found on patch testing to be allergic to epoxy resin. The appearance of contact leukoderma may be indistinguishable from idiopathic vitiligo. However the prognosis for repigmentation may be better in contact leukoderma than in idiopathic vitiligo.
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ranking = 2
keywords = patch test, patch
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8/157. Occupational induction of hypersensitivity after an accidental exposure to chloromethylisothiazolinone and methylisothiazolinone (CMI/MI) in an industrial worker.

    A process worker in a paper chemical plant developed an immediate local dermal irritation and delayed bullous dermatitis due to induction of hypersensitivity following an accidental exposure to chloromethylisothiazolinone and methylisothiazolinone (CMI/MI) biocide. Contact allergy to the isothiazolinone mixture was confirmed by skin patch testing. The dermatitis healed in four weeks, and the worker was advised to avoid all CMI/MI containing products. In a one-year follow-up he did not present with any further skin symptoms. Preventive measures are important for avoiding induction of hypersensitivity to concentrated CMI/MI solutions in industrial workers.
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ranking = 1
keywords = patch test, patch
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9/157. 'Airborne' contact dermatitis due to Leica immersion oil.

    BACKGROUND: Contact dermatitis has often been described in healthcare staff, resulting essentially from the use of natural rubber latex gloves, antiseptics, and especially aldehydes. This study reports an unusual cause of contact dermatitis in laboratory technicians. MATERIALS AND methods: Four patients working in the bacteriology departments of three different hospitals were seen for airborne contact dermatitis. All were patch tested for specific plastics and glues. RESULTS: For all patients, positive patch reactions were obtained with classic epoxy resins, such as diglycidylether of bisphenol, as well as with new types, such as diglycidylether of bisphenol F and an epoxyacrylate resin. CONCLUSIONS: Although phenols and ether handled by the laboratory technicians and an epoxy mastic applied during floor repair were initially suspected, an immersion oil used in light microscopy proved to be the real cause of the dermatitis. To our knowledge, these are the first reported cases due to this type of contact.
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ranking = 1.0051870072861
keywords = patch test, patch
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10/157. T-lymphocyte cytokine profiles in compositae airborne dermatitis.

    Compositae airborne dermatitis is a well-recognized disorder characterized by erythematosquamous lesions and papules on light-exposed areas. The presence of positive patch test reactions and the absence of specific serum IgE suggest delayed-type hypersensitivity, the murine model of which is characterized by a Th1 cytokine production profile [high amounts of interferon (IFN)-gamma and interleukin (IL)-2; little or no IL-4 and IL-5]. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cytokine profile of T-cell lines and T-cell clones from peripheral blood in a 38-year-old non-atopic male woodcutter affected by seasonal airborne contact dermatitis. The patient showed positive patch test reactions to several Compositae extracts (achillea millefolium, Chamomilla recutita, tanacetum parthenium, T. vulgare) and sesquiterpene lactone mix. On prick testing with Compositae and other plants, serum-specific IgE levels and phototesting were negative or normal. Allergen-specific T-cell lines produced with Compositae extracts showed a good in vitro cell proliferation only to C. recutita extract. Serial cloning performed using the C. recutita-specific T-cell lines revealed an alphabeta CD4 phenotype with high amounts of IFN-gamma and IL-4 in T-cell clones. Thus, these cells expressed a preferential Th0 phenotype. These data suggest that in addition to IFN-gamma, other T-cell derived cytokines, such as IL-4, may play a part in the immunopathogenesis of contact dermatitis.
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ranking = 2
keywords = patch test, patch
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