Cases reported "Dermatitis, Perioral"

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1/7. pemphigus of the eyelids.

    We report the case of a 56-year-old woman who presented with a 2-month history of widespread oral erosion and a 3-day history of small papules on the lower eyelids. No other skin involvement was found. Histopathological examination revealed suprabasal cleft and acantholysis in the lower epidermis of the papule on the lower eyelid and in the lower mucous membrane of the oral mucosa. Intercellular deposits of IgG and C3 were seen in the whole epidermis of the specimen from the papule on the right lower eyelid by direct immunofluorescence study. These deposits were also observed in the biopsy specimen from erosion on the left buccal membrane. Indirect immunofluorescence study using normal human skin as a substrate showed intercellular antibodies directed to the cell surface of the whole epidermis with a titer of 1:40. The titers of antibodies to desmoglein 3 and 1 were 118 and 25.9, respectively, by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The patient was treated with an oral administration of prednisolone (0.75 mg/kg/day) for 9 days, which improved the skin eruptions and oral erosion. The dose of prednisolone was gradually tapered and it took 10 weeks to cease this treatment. These findings suggest that this patient is an unusual case of pemphigus vulgaris (mucosal dominant type) diagnosed from the clinical and histopathological findings, with positive antibodies to desmoglein 3 and 1.
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2/7. Childhood granulomatous periorificial dermatitis in an Asian girl--a variant of sarcoid?

    Childhood granulomatous periorificial dermatitis (CGPD) is a benign, facial eruption which has previously been reported in prepubertal, Afro-Caribbean children. It is a condition of unknown aetiology, characterized by a monomorphic, papular eruption around the mouth, nose and eyes. Typically the eruption persists for several months but resolves without scarring. The condition can usually be distinguished from sarcoidosis on clinical and histological grounds. To our knowledge, this is the first case of CGPD occurring in an Asian child with sarcoidal histology and is unusual in its persistence for 4 years. We suggest that this case of CGPD may well be a variant of sarcoid.
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3/7. Granulomatous periorificial dermatitis.

    Granulomatous periorificial dermatitis (GPD) is a distinct facial eruption in prepubertal children that should be distinguished from granulomatous rosacea, perioral dermatitis, and cutaneous sarcoidosis. We describe a case of GPD and review the key distinguishing features of this condition.
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4/7. A case of granulomatous rosacea: sorting granulomatous rosacea from other granulomatous diseases that affect the face.

    Granulomatous rosacea is a variant of rosacea that may present similar to other granulomatous diseases. We present the case of a 45-year-old woman with a 2-year history of facial erythema with multiple papules and pustules on the cheeks, chin, and glabella. The patient responded to minocycline, resulting in healing 6 months without residual scarring. This patient's clinical and histological presentation and treatment outcome are to our assessment consistent with granulomatous rosacea. However, other clinically and histologically related entities will be discussed. These entities include, but are not limited to, perioral dermatitis, granulomatous periorificial dermatitis, lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei, facial afro-caribbean eruption syndrome, and sarcoidosis.
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5/7. Childhood granulomatous periorificial dermatitis: lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei in children?

    BACKGROUND: Childhood granulomatous periorificial dermatitis (CGPD) is a granulomatous disease characterized by monomorphous, small papular eruptions around the mouse, nose and eyes, and is thought to be closely related to perioral dermatitis. This condition has always been believed to occur more commonly in dark-skinned patients; however, recent observations have revealed CGPD to occur also in white patients. observation: We report an 11-year-old Japanese boy with the characteristic features of CGPD. Although sarcoidosis and acne/granulomatous rosacea could be differentiated from CGPD, we could find no essential differences between CGPD and lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei (LMDF). The cases of LMDF in children, which were recorded in the Japanese literature, had highly similar clinicopathological features to those of CGPD. This case responded dramatically to topical tacrolimus in combination with the oral administration of minocycline. CONCLUSIONS: The entity 'facial idiopathic granulomas with regressive evolution' is considered to include LMDF (a common adult form), CGPD (a rare childhood form) and perioral dermatitis (a peculiar form exacerbated by topical corticosteroids). Topical tacrolimus may be recommended as one of the therapies for LMDF as well as CGPD.
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6/7. Case of childhood granulomatous periorificial dermatitis in a Korean boy treated by oral erythromycin.

    Childhood granulomatous periorificial dermatitis (CGPD) is a disease presenting most commonly in prepubertal children as yellow-brown papules limited to the perioral, perinasal and periocular regions. The condition is benign, self-limiting and is not associated with systemic involvement. We herein report a case of an 11-year-old Korean boy with multiple, asymptomatic, monomorphic, red-to-yellow-colored papular eruptions on the perioral areas of 7-month duration. Histopathological examination revealed upper dermal and perifollicular granulomatous infiltrate. After using oral erythromycin 500 mg daily for 1 year, the condition resolved completely without leaving a scar.
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7/7. Childhood granulomatous periorificial dermatitis.

    A case of childhood granulomatous periorificial dermatitis is described. This disorder occurs predominantly in prepubertal black children and is characterized by a monomorphous, papular eruption occurring around the mouth, nose, and eyes. It is benign and self-limited. Treatment may include topical metronidazole in young patients and tetracycline in those over 8 years of age.
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