Cases reported "Dermatitis, Photoallergic"

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1/64. Photoallergic skin reaction to ribavirin.

    A 65-yr-old woman with chronic hepatitis c was treated with three million units interferon-alpha t.i.w. and 1000 mg ribavirin daily. At wk 16 of combination therapy the patient developed an itchy eczematous erythema, partly of urticarial character, which was almost confined to ultraviolet (UV)-exposed sites. Histopathological examination of the skin lesions was consistent with a photoallergic reaction. The minimal erythematous dose for UVA and UVB was assessed on healthy skin. After 24 h, a distinct erythema at the UVB irradiated site was found, whereas no reaction was seen with UVA provocation up to a dose of 10 J/cm2. Correspondingly, determination of the absorption spectrum of ribavirin revealed maximum absorption within UVB at 282.5 nm. ribavirin was stopped, and the cutaneous lesions and pruritus completely disappeared without subsequent hyperpigmentation. This case indicates that ribavirin is a potential photosensitizer for UVB, which may become increasingly relevant in patients with chronic hepatitis c undergoing combination therapy for 6-12 months with interferon-alpha and ribavirin. ( info)

2/64. Photosensitivity with sulfasalazopyridine hypersensitivity syndrome.

    Five weeks after the start of treatment with an association of sulfasalazopyridine and piroxicam, a 30-year-old woman presented with an eczematous eruption in light-exposed areas, hepatomegaly and fever (38 degrees C). Laboratory studies showed leukocytosis, eosinophilia and hepatic cytolysis. Treatment consisted of withdrawing the two drugs and topical steroids. The clinical signs regressed in 6 days. An increase in eosinophilia and hepatic cytolysis was observed until the tenth day, after which the trend reversed. Laboratory parameters were normal on the twentieth day. One month later, photopatch testing was performed. A patch test with sulfanilamide irradiated with UVA was positive. Clinical and laboratory findings were highly suggestive of drug hypersensitivity syndrome. The positive result from the UVA photopatch test with sulfanilamide suggests that sulfasalazopyridine was involved in the occurrence of hypersensitivity syndrome in our patient. We conclude that photodistributed eruptions can be observed in drug hypersensitivity syndrome with photosensitizing drugs. ( info)

3/64. Phytophotodermatitis associated with parsnip picking.

    Phytophotodermatitis to certain plant groups is a well recognised entity. The combination of sunlight exposure and contact with plants of the umbelliferae family leads to the development of painful, erythematous, and bullous lesions and later to cutaneous hyperpigmentation. Agricultural workers and many clinicians often fail to make this link when patients present with these lesions. An incident involving 11 patients is presented to high-light this problem. ( info)

4/64. If you can't stand the rash, get out of the kitchen: an unusual adverse reaction to ciprofloxacin.

    ciprofloxacin, a quinolone antibiotic, is used to treat a wide variety of infections including pseudomonas aeruginosa in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Photosensitivity is a well-known complication of treatment with this group of antibiotics, and it is more common in patients with CF. We report on a case of photosensitivity induced by indoor fluorescent strip-lighting (spectral range, 295-760 nm) in a 12-year-old girl with CF treated with ciprofloxacin. This type of lighting emits UVA rays (320-400 nm) which cause skin damage in the presence of sensitizing agents. patients taking ciprofloxacin are usually advised to protect their skin from direct sunlight. We suggest that more attention should be paid to indoor sources of UV light. ( info)

5/64. Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus presenting with generalized poikiloderma.

    A 64-year-old woman experienced progressive generalized poikiloderma after an episode of sunburn 4 years earlier. The diagnosis of subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus (SCLE) was confirmed by the presence of anti-Ro/SS-A and antinuclear antibodies, the histology, and the direct immunofluorescent findings (ie, positive lupus band test and "dust-like" epidermal IgG staining pattern). Poikiloderma has not been previously reported in the spectrum of SCLE. As a major pathomechanism of SCLE, photosensitivity might explain this uncommon clinical manifestation of the disease. ( info)

6/64. Solar urticaria: report of two cases with augmentation spectrum.

    Two adult Japanese patients with severe solar urticaria are reported. In both patients, an action spectrum existed in the visible light range, and an augmentation spectrum was demonstrated in the visible light range longer than the action spectrum. The augmentation phenomenon has rarely been documented, and in the previous reports, it was induced by preirradiation with the augmentation spectrum. In our cases, however, only postirradiation with the augmentation spectrum enhanced urticarial reactions. ( info)

7/64. UVB photosensitivity due to ranitidine.

    We describe a 62-year-old male with photosensitivity due to ranitidine. An oral challenge test after taking ranitidine with UVB irradiation was positive. ranitidine-induced UVB photosensitivity was persistent even after cessation of the medication. ( info)

8/64. Prolonged photosensitivity following contact photoallergy to ketoprofen.

    We report the third case of prolonged photosensitivity secondary to contact photoallergy to topical ketoprofen, a 2-arylpropionic acid derivative. The patient suffered from persistent photosensitivity for more than 1 year after the withdrawal of ketoprofen with recurrent eruptions on sun-exposed skin areas. This photosensitivity was associated with a persistent decrease in polychromatic and UVA minimal erythemal doses. Photobiological testing revealed cross-reactivity with fenofibrate and benzophenones. Photoallergy to ketoprofen is due to the benzophenone structure or to the very similar thiophene phenylketone of tiaprofenic acid, but not to the arylpropionic function. Thus, fenofibrate, tiaprofenic acid and benzophenones should be avoided by patients with a positive history of photocontact dermatitis to ketoprofen. ( info)

9/64. Phytophotodermatitis: a sometimes difficult diagnosis.

    Phytophotodermatitis may not be diagnosed when a patient is seen with erythema and vesicles on the skin. However, with the appropriate medical history, the diagnosis of phytophotodermatitis is easily made. Arch Fam Med. 2000;9:1195-1196 ( info)

10/64. Photosensitivity induced by oral itraconazole.

    A case of photosensitivity induced by itraconazole is reported. A 70-year-old woman had erythema, oedema and vesicles on sun-exposed areas after 5 days of itraconazole treatment for oral candidiasis. Oral photochallenge using itraconazole and sun irradiation was positive, but photopatch test was negative. Photosensitivity from azoles is an uncommon adverse effect. Only three other cases have been described, two induced by ketoconazole and one by itraconazole. ( info)
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