Cases reported "Dermatitis"

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1/14. Herpes zoster in seven disparate dermatomes (zoster multiplex): report of a case and review of the literature.

    Noncontiguous multidermatomal herpes zoster is very rare in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised persons. Most of the reported cases have been limited to 2 noncontiguous dermatomes. This unique presentation has been referred to as zoster duplex unilateralis or bilateralis, depending on whether one or both halves of the body are involved. Granulomatous dermatitis at sites of herpes zoster scars, a rare isotopic response, has only been reported in persons with contiguous dermatomes of zoster. We describe an immunocompromised patient who developed herpes zoster in 7 disparate dermatomes. Three months after resolution of the zoster, the patient developed a granulomatous dermatitis in a zosteriform distribution at the sites of previous infection.
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ranking = 1
keywords = herpes zoster, zoster, herpes
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2/14. Giant cell lichenoid dermatitis within herpes zoster scars in a bone marrow recipient.

    Cutaneous lesions arising in herpes zoster (HZ) scars are rare. We report a 34-year-old woman with acute lymphoblastic leukemia underwent allogenic bone marrow transplant (BMT). Ten days after the BMT, she developed clusters of vesicles over the right neck, scapula, shoulder and chest. She was treated with intravenous acyclovir and foscarnet. One month after the vesiculous episode of HZ she showed 5 mm to 2 cm clustered flat violaceous lichenoid papules and confluent plaques within the HZ scars. Histopathologic examination revealed a inflammatory infiltrate present in the papillary dermis with granulomatous aggregated formed by histiocytes, multinucleated giant cells and lymphocytes. She was treated with topic steroids with significant improvement. Pathologic findings are similar to those of an unusual lichenoid reaction named "giant cell lichenoid dermatitis". We present the first reported case of giant cell lichenoid dermatitis at the sites of HZ scars.
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ranking = 0.72788421426771
keywords = herpes zoster, zoster, herpes
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3/14. herpes simplex virus dermatitis in patients using latanoprost.

    PURPOSE: To describe the possible association of latanoprost with herpetic dermatitis of the periocular skin. METHOD: Interventional case reports. A 79-year-old woman with open-angle glaucoma developed a vesicular dermatitis of the left lower eyelid 14 months after starting latanoprost therapy. An 84-year-old man with pigmentary glaucoma developed a vesicular dermatitis of the right upper lid after 2 months of treatment with latanoprost and 8 days of treatment with tobramycin/dexamethasone for presumed bacterial conjunctivitis. In both cases, the dermatitis was characteristic of a herpetic infection. RESULTS: Latanoprost was discontinued in both cases. The woman was treated with vidarabine 3% ointment, and the man was not treated with antiviral agents. In both patients, the dermatitis healed uneventfully. The lesions of the man were cultured, and a biopsy was performed; herpes simplex virus type 1 was recovered from the culture and confirmed by immunofluorescence testing. CONCLUSION: Latanoprost, which has been associated with reactivation of herpetic keratitis, may also cause reactivation of herpetic dermatitis of the periocular skin.
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ranking = 0.0038756121371245
keywords = herpes
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4/14. Optic neuropathy and central retinal vascular obstruction as initial manifestations of acute retinal necrosis.

    BACKGROUND: The purpose of this brief communication is to alert ophthalmologists that optic neuropathy may herald acute retinal necrosis (ARN). CASE: A previously healthy 54-year-old man exhibited optic neuropathy as an initial presentation of ARN, 8 weeks after varicella-zoster dermatitis. OBSERVATIONS: Central retinal vascular obstruction developed subsequently in his left eye. Later, the classic presentation of ARN appeared in his contralateral eye. Systemic acyclovir therapy stopped the progression of retinitis and resulted in healing of retinal lesions in his right eye. CONCLUSIONS: This case suggests that optic neuropathy, especially with preceding herpetic dermatitis, should be suspected as the prodrome of ARN.
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ranking = 0.046939122619948
keywords = zoster
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5/14. The role of intradermal skin testing and patch testing in the diagnosis of autoimmune progesterone dermatitis.

    Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis is a rare clinical condition in which patients display hypersensitivity to endogenous progesterone. It manifests as a cyclical cutaneous eruption that flares during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, when progesterone levels peak, and resolves partially or completely a few days after menses. Its cutaneous manifestations are variable and include urticaria, eczematous eruptions, vesiculopustular eruptions, fixed drug eruptions, stomatitis, erythema multiforme, and anaphylaxis. Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis has been diagnosed previously with intradermal skin testing or intramuscular progesterone challenge. Treatment of progesterone hypersensitivity generally consists of ovulation inhibition with pharmaceutical agents or oophorectomy; other therapies (eg, thalidomide) have also been used with success. We report a case of cyclical erythema multiforme (EM) induced by hypersensitivity to endogenous progesterone in a patient with a history of past oral contraceptive use. After herpes simplex virus was ruled out as an etiologic factor, a diagnosis of progesterone hypersensitivity was confirmed with intradermal skin testing. Results of subsequent patch testing with various progesterone derivatives were negative. The EM outbreaks were suppressed temporarily by continuous administration of Loestrin (ethinyl estradiol plus norethindrone), which also increased the responsiveness of the outbreaks to prednisone tapers.
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ranking = 0.0038756121371245
keywords = herpes
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6/14. Abdominal presentation of varicella-zoster infection in recipients of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

    We report here three recipients of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in whom visceral varicella-zoster virus infection preceded cutaneous dissemination producing life-threatening complications including hepatitis, pancreatitis and haemorrhage.
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ranking = 0.23469561309974
keywords = zoster
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7/14. herpes zoster ophthalmicus complicated by hyphema and hemorrhagic glaucoma.

    We treated two patients with herpes zoster ophthalmicus in whom hyphema and hemorrhagic glaucoma occurred. Case 1 complained of facial skin eruption, and was given intravenous acyclovir for 7 days. hyphema and high intraocular pressure occurred in the left eye 10 days after the onset of the skin eruption. Case 2 had severe pain and blisters on her face, and was given intravenous acyclovir for 7 days. An intracameral hemorrhage and glaucoma developed in the right eye 15 days after the onset of the skin lesion. Intravenous acyclovir may be necessary for longer than 7-day periods if the iridocyclitis remains.
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ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = herpes zoster, zoster, herpes
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8/14. Zoster-related bilateral acute retinal necrosis syndrome as presenting sign in AIDS.

    The acute retinal necrosis (ARN) syndrome has recently been associated with intraocular infections with one or more members of the herpesvirus family. There have been 14 cases in the literature linking ARN with a preceding or subsequent herpetic dermatitis. We report the development of bilateral ARN (BARN) after unilateral herpes zoster ophthalmicus as the presenting sign of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in a previously healthy man. The development of BARN after diffuse herpes simplex dermatitis in AIDS patients is also discussed. These cases further illustrate the central role of the herpes-virus family in the etiology of ARN and alert the clinician to a new presenting sign for AIDS.
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ranking = 0.054690346894197
keywords = zoster, herpes
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9/14. association of varicella zoster dermatitis with acute retinal necrosis syndrome.

    The authors report seven patients in whom the acute retinal necrosis (ARN) syndrome developed shortly after cutaneous varicella zoster infection. The length of time between the skin infection and ARN varied from 5 days to 3 months. Both eyes were affected in one of seven cases. The ophthalmic branch of cranial nerve V ipsilateral to an affected eye was involved by the zoster dermatitis in only two of the seven cases. The association lends further support to the proposal that herpes zoster virus is a major cause of ARN. A history of recent zoster dermatitis should be sought in patients with ARN.
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ranking = 0.47415070119318
keywords = herpes zoster, zoster, herpes
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10/14. Acute retinal necrosis syndrome following herpes zoster dermatitis.

    The acute retinal necrosis (ARN) syndrome has been recently linked to intraocular infection with one or more members of the herpesvirus family. The authors report two cases of ARN following herpes zoster skin eruptions, and one case following ipsilateral facial nerve palsy (Ramsay Hunt syndrome). Evaluation of serial serum antibody titers against cytomegalovirus (CMV), herpes simplex virus (HSV) (types 1 and 2), and varicella zoster (VZ) virus revealed diagnostic changes for VZ virus alone following the retinitis. Immune precipitation of radiolabeled VZ proteins by these sera followed by gel fractionation yielded radioimmune precipitation profiles characteristic of a recent zoster reactivation. These cases further implicate a central role for VZ virus infection in the etiology of the ARN syndrome.
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ranking = 0.82951368378186
keywords = herpes zoster, zoster, herpes
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