Cases reported "Dermatomycoses"

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11/33. zygomycosis. Report of four cases with formation of chlamydoconidia in tissue.

    The authors describe spheric to ovoid chlamydoconidia and mucoraceous hyphae in tissues from four patients, two with cutaneous and two with pulmonary zygomycosis. The diagnosis in each case was confirmed by immunofluorescence staining and the presence of characteristic hyphae in tissue. It is important that these conidia be recognized, because they can easily be mistaken for other fungi, nematode ova, or other microorganisms in tissue sections, thereby resulting in the potential for misdiagnosis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = zygomycosis
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12/33. conidiobolus coronatus infection treated with ketoconazole.

    We describe a case of subcutaneous zygomycosis caused by conidiobolus coronatus of six years' duration. Following treatment failure using potassium iodide, the patient responded with ketoconazole therapy. She remained well three years following therapy. Brazilian cases of subcutaneous infections caused by C coronatus and Basidiobolus ranarum are reviewed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = zygomycosis
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13/33. Subcutaneous phycomycosis caused by Basidiobolus haptosporus: a clinicopathologic and mycologic study in a child.

    The clinical, histopathologic, and mycologic aspects of a case of subcutaneous phycomycosis caused by Basidiobolus haptosporus in a 3-year-old boy are reported. This is the first documented case from Central and north america. Oral potassium iodide and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole gave excellent therapeutic results.
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ranking = 2.4819441167328
keywords = phycomycosis
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14/33. Subcutaneous phycomycosis mimics elephantiasis.

    A case of subcutaneous phycomycosis involving the right thigh for 1 year duration which mimic elephantiasis was reported in a 21-year-old military man. An initial diagnosis was that of a subcutaneous tissue lesion attributed to parasitic manifestation but turned out to be that of subcutaneous fungal infection both clinically and histologically. The lesion was successfully treated with cotrimoxazole for a period of one month, and followed up for 4 1/2 months with complete cure.
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ranking = 2.4819441167328
keywords = phycomycosis
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15/33. Subcutaneous zygomycosis due to Saksenaea vasiformis in an infant.

    A case of localized, subcutaneous infection in the cheek of a three-month-old girl that was caused by the zygomycete Saksenaea vasiformis is reported. This is the fourth report of infection in australia that was due to this fungus and, in contrast to all but one of the few previous reports in the literature, a cure was effected by surgical debridement alone.
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ranking = 4
keywords = zygomycosis
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16/33. Rhinofacial zygomycosis caused by conidiobolus coronatus: a case report including in vitro sensitivity to antimycotic agents.

    A case of zygomycosis caused by conidiobolus coronatus, occurring in a 31-year-old priest from the Ivory Coast, is reported. Lesions eventually resolved after 2 1/2 years, during which the patient was variously treated with intravenous amphotericin b and miconazole as well as surgical resection. It is difficult to be certain which, if any, of these treatments contributed to resolution of lesions. A report of in vitro sensitivity data to a variety of antifungal agents is included.
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ranking = 5
keywords = zygomycosis
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17/33. The surgical correction of residual facial disfigurement produced by rhinophycomycosis entomophthorae: a case report.

    Rhinophycomycosis entomophthorae is a rare tropical granulomatous infection caused by the fungal organism entomophthora coronata. The disease arises as a submucosal granuloma, usually in the region of the inferior turbinate, spreads centrifugally to involve the nasal sinuses, alae nasae, upper lip, forehead and cheeks and may produce extensive facial deformity. The response to medical treatment with potassium iodide or co-trimoxazole is variable. We wish to report a case in which staged surgical correction of the sequelae of the disease produced a significant improvement in the facial appearance.
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ranking = 2.4819441167328
keywords = phycomycosis
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18/33. Cutaneous phycomycosis. Report of three cases with identification of rhizopus.

    Three cases of pustular and ulcerative cutaneous phycomycosis developed postoperatively in orthopedic patients following exposure to a contaiminated surgical adhesive (Elastoplast). A review of the pertinent literature revealed no other similar series of reported cases. The epidemiologic investigation of these cases is discussed. This experience demonstrates that with appropriate exposure, normal saprophytes can invade the skin in immunocompetent patients, producing active and invasive lesions.
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ranking = 2.4819441167328
keywords = phycomycosis
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19/33. Occurrence of subcutaneous zygomycosis caused by Basidiobolus haptosporus in brazil.

    There were described the first three South American cases of subcutaneous zygomycosis caused by B. haptosporus. The patients were children from nearby towns lying just north of 13 degrees latitude S. The diagnosis was based on histopathological aspects plus cultural isolation of the fungus.
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ranking = 5
keywords = zygomycosis
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20/33. Cutaneous zygomycosis in a patient with lymphoma.

    A large variety of underlying conditions and diseases have been associated with zygomycosis. The most common ones include leukemia or lymphoma, burns, renal failure, septicemia, malnutrition, diabetes, cancer, chemotherapy, organ transplantation, and corticosteroid administration. While being ubiquitous in the environment and relatively harmless to healthy individuals, Zygomycetes can be fatal in the immunocompromised patient, especially if untreated or if treatment is delayed.
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ranking = 5
keywords = zygomycosis
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