Cases reported "Dermoid Cyst"

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1/103. The role of open rhinoplasty in the management of nasal dermoid cysts.

    The nasal dermal sinus cyst is one of many midline nasal masses that often pose diagnostic and treatment dilemmas for the plastic and reconstructive surgeon. The differential diagnosis of the midline nasal mass includes both congenital and acquired processes. A thorough understanding of its cause is crucial to treatment. A comprehensive discussion of the pathogenesis, diagnosis, sequelae, and surgical management, and a representative case analysis, of the nasal dermal sinus cyst is presented to delineate the role of open rhinoplasty in optimizing the care of this congenital nasal deformity.
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2/103. delayed diagnosis of an enteric duplication cyst.

    Enteric duplication cysts are rare and often prove extremely difficult to diagnose. We report a case in which the definitive diagnosis was made 40 years after first presentation and following five exploratory laparotomies. A review of the literature is presented, with discussion regarding the presenting features, potential complications, radiological investigations and surgical treatment of this uncommon clinical entity.
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ranking = 0.0037081119696058
keywords = nose
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3/103. Intracranial nasal dermoid sinus cyst associated with colloid cyst of the third ventricle. Case report and new concepts.

    A case of a 16-year-old male with both a nasal dermoid sinus cyst (NDSC) and a third ventricle colloid cyst is presented. The NDSC was excised via a single-stage combined intracranial-extracranial approach and the third ventricle colloid cyst was resected endoscopically. The pathogenetic theories of NDSC and third ventricle colloid cyst are discussed, and an embryological explanation for the simultaneous development of the two lesions in this patient is explored. This case is best classified among congenital developmental malformations in a category we propose to call 'anterior neuropore corridor defects.'
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keywords = nasal
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4/103. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome in a pregnant patient treated with high-dose systemic corticosteroids.

    PURPOSE: Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome is usually treated with high-dose systemic corticosteroids. However, in a pregnant patient with VKH syndrome, the effects of high-dose corticosteroids on the fetus are controversial. We discuss treating VKH syndrome during pregnancy, systemic corticosteroids, and abnormalities in the delivered infant. methods: Case report and literature review. RESULTS: A 26-year-old Japanese woman in the 16th week of gestation was diagnosed with VKH syndrome and treated with high-dose systemic prednisolone after the 18th week of gestation. Although the patient's ocular findings gradually improved, a low-birth-weight infant was delivered with epibulbar dermoid, lipodermoids, and preauricular appendages. Although low birth weight might result from systemic prednisolone administration, the anomalies of the infant may have been inherited rather than caused by VKH syndrome and high-dose systemic corticosteroid administration. CONCLUSION: In this case and previously reported cases, VKH syndrome and systemic corticosteroids administered during pregnancy may not precipitate abortion and congenital malformation.
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ranking = 0.0037081119696058
keywords = nose
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5/103. Nasopharyngeal teratomas and dermoids: a review of the literature and case series.

    OBJECTIVES: review the clinical differences between nasopharyngeal (NP) true teratomas and dermoids, with the addition of a case series to the literature. Additionally, review the impact of prenatal diagnosis on the management and outcome of these lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of cases from the Children's Hospital Medical Center (Seattle, WA) and Madigan Army Medical Center (Tacoma, WA) with the histopathologic diagnosis of nasopharyngeal teratoma or dermoid. review of medical literature for cases reported since 1977, when prenatal diagnosis of these lesions was first reported. Only tumors of the nasopharynx were considered. methods: charts and pertinent literature were reviewed and data presented with respect to age at diagnosis, signs and symptoms, perinatal diagnosis and management, preoperative evaluation, surgical treatment, and outcome. RESULTS: The majority of lesions were diagnosed at birth, with the most common presenting symptom being respiratory distress. Teratomas had a higher incidence of maternal polyhydramnios, preterm birth, need for emergent airway management, and associated congenital abnormalities. Complete surgical excision remains the treatment of choice. Recurrences were rare, occurring only in the teratoma group. prenatal diagnosis did not have a significant impact on the diagnosis and treatment of these lesions in our review. CONCLUSIONS: Inconsistent use of a standard classification system has made differentiating between NP teratomas and dermoids difficult, although the clinical implications can be critical. NP teratomas have a higher incidence of preterm birth, neonatal airway distress, associated congenital abnormalities, need for more extensive surgical procedures, and recurrence. prenatal diagnosis has made little impact on the overall diagnosis and treatment of these lesions.
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ranking = 0.0037081119696058
keywords = nose
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/103. The role of open rhinoplasty in the management of nasal dermoid cysts.

    The nasal dermal sinus cyst is one of many midline nasal masses that often pose diagnostic and treatment dilemmas for the plastic and reconstructive surgeon. The differential diagnosis of the midline nasal mass includes both congenital and acquired processes. A thorough understanding of its cause is crucial to treatment. A comprehensive discussion of the pathogenesis, diagnosis, sequelae, and surgical management, and a representative case analysis, of the nasal dermal sinus cyst is presented to delineate the role of open rhinoplasty in optimizing the care of this congenital nasal deformity.
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ranking = 1
keywords = nasal
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/103. dermoid cyst in the posterior fossa accompanied by klippel-feil syndrome.

    OBJECTS: Dermoid cysts accompanied by klippel-feil syndrome are uncommon, and the coincidence of these two rare diseases suggests an interesting idea about the pathogenesis of a dermoid cyst, which the authors consider with reference to an actual case. A posterior fossa dermoid cyst with dermal sinus and klippel-feil syndrome are reported in the same patient. A 23-year-old woman was admitted to hospital with progressive headaches. methods: Cervical radiography demonstrated C4-5 vertebral fusion, and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a large cystic mass in the midline of the posterior fossa. The cystic lesion was totally removed along with the accompanying dermal sinus. It was histopathologically diagnosed as a dermoid cyst. CONCLUSION: The rare coincidence of a dermoid cyst and klippel-feil syndrome suggests the possibility that a disturbance in the mesoderm before the fourth week of gestation might play an important part in the causation of dermoid cyst.
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ranking = 0.0037081119696058
keywords = nose
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8/103. Autosomal dominant familial frontonasal dermoid cysts: a mother and her identical twin daughters.

    A dermoid cyst is an ectodermal cyst that contains an epithelial lining as well as adnexal structures, and may occur in numerous areas of the body. The nasal dermoid accounts for 1% of all dermoid cysts and 3-12% of head and neck dermoid cysts. While there have been familial cases reported, a genetic inheritance for nasal dermoids has not been suggested. We present the first reported case of a mother and her identical twin daughters who were all found to have evidence of frontonasal dermoid cysts. Our case and a review of literature seem to implicate an autosomal dominant inheritance in certain instances of nasal dermoids.
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ranking = 0.88888888888889
keywords = nasal
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9/103. Bilateral choanal atresia associated with nasal dermoid cyst and sinus: a case report and review of the literature.

    The relationship of choanal atresia to various systemic malformations is well acknowledged by the CHARGE acronym: colobomas, heart defects, atresia choanae, retarded growth and development, genito-urinary defects, and ear defects. In the past, we have reported the finding of an isolated skull base malformation associated with choanal atresia. We report here a unique case of choanal atresia associated with a patent foramen cecum and intracranial extension of a dermoid sinus. The embryogenesis of this condition is accounted for by the mesodermal flow theory of choanal atresia formation, and implies a need for thorough imaging of the anterior skull base in cases of bilateral atresia.
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ranking = 0.44444444444444
keywords = nasal
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10/103. dermoid cyst of the maxillary sinus.

    Dermoid cysts are rare developmental teratomatous lesions composed of ectodermally derived stratified squamous epithelium and mesodermally derived skin adnexal structures. As part of the teratomatous lesion group, dermoid cysts are related to teratoid cysts, true teratomas, and epignathi. Although several theories have been postulated, the pathogenesis of dermoid cysts, and teratomatous lesions in general, is unclear. Most commonly affecting sites within the head and neck, dermoid cysts may be found in the frontotemporal/lateral brow area, central nasal area, oral cavity, lateral neck, and other sites. We present what is believed to be the first reported case arising within the maxillary sinus and briefly discuss the possible pathogenesis.
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ranking = 0.11111111111111
keywords = nasal
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