Cases reported "Diabetic Angiopathies"

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11/155. qi-promoting and phlegm-resolving method for treatment of diabetic microvascular complications.

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of qi-promoting and phlegm-resolving approach in treatment of diabetic microvascular complications. METHODOLOGY: Clinical observation of cases given modified Wen Dan Tang ([symbol: see text] gallbladder-warming Decoction). RESULT: Favorable results obtained in cases of diabetic microvascular complications of the type of stagnancy of qi and phlegm (diabetic retinopathy, diabetic nephropathy and diabetic foot). CONCLUSION: Wen Dan Tang is effective for diabetic microvascular complications of the type of stagnancy of qi and phlegm. ( info)

12/155. insulinoma occurring in association with fatty replacement of unknown etiology in the pancreas: report of a case.

    A 66-year-old woman with a 10-year-history of diabetes mellitus was admitted to our hospital for investigation of several recent attacks of hypoglycemia. Her fasting blood glucose level was very low, at 30-40 mg/dl, and abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed a tumor in the pancreatic tail with fatty changes. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography revealed absence of the main pancreatic duct from the body to tail of the pancreas. Abdominal angiography showed a hypervascular tumor stain in the pancreas, and percutaneous transhepatic portal vein sampling demonstrated a step-up of immunoreactive insulin levels in the splenic vein. Based on these clinical findings, we made a preoperative diagnosis of an insulinoma accompanied by fatty changes in the pancreatic body and tail. During laparotomy for the insulinoma, fat tissue was identified in the anatomic location of the pancreatic body and tail, and resected. Pathological examination of the resected specimen revealed a number of Langerhans islets in the adipose tissue, and an islet cell tumor with fatty replacement of the pancreatic tissue around the tumor. The insulinoma was found not to have caused obstruction of the main pancreatic duct. We present herein a rare case of an insulinoma that developed in the pancreas, and was associated with fatty replacement of unknown etiology. ( info)

13/155. Dilated cardiomyopathy as the first early complication in a 14 year-old girl with diabetes mellitus type 1.

    Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DC) has been reported in type 2 diabetics with short duration of clinically overt diabetes. Impaired left ventricular function has been reported in young patients with diabetes mellitus type 1 (IDDM), but severe cardiomyopathy as the first early major complication of IDDM is very rare. We report a 14 year-old girl with a 5-year history of IDDM and very poor compliance with treatment and follow-up. She was referred to our clinic upon the development of congestive heart failure and dilated cardiomyopathy was diagnosed based on clinical findings, electrocardiogram, chest X-ray and echocardiography. She had no evidence of other major complications of IDDM such as retinopathy, nephropathy or neuropathy. ( info)

14/155. diabetes mellitus with left transverse sinus thrombosis and right transverse sinus aplasia.

    A 67-year-old woman with diabetes mellitus was hospitalized due to a throbbing headache. She appeared neurologically normal, except for meningeal irritation. The cerebrospinal fluid pressure was high. There was increased fluid protein without an increased cell count. brain CT scan showed no abnormality, however, brain magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) showed complete right transverse sinus stasis and partial left transverse sinus stasis, indicating bilateral transverse sinus thrombosis. At this time thrombin anti-thrombin III complex (TAT) and prothrombin fragment F1 2 (PTF1 2) indicating hypercoagulation had increased. Urokinase, followed by aspirin and ticlopidine hydrochloride were administered. After diet therapy and transient insulin administration, her blood glucose levels improved. By the 22nd day, the headache had disappeared. Subsequently, brain MRA showed left transverse sinus blood flow recovery and complete right transverse sinus stasis, while carotid angiography showed recovered left transverse sinus but right transverse sinus defect. TAT and PTF1 2 levels improved concomitantly with better blood glucose control. We diagnosed this case as left transverse sinus thrombosis because of the hypercoagulable state resulting from diabetes mellitus accompanied by right transverse sinus aplasia. ( info)

15/155. Superior mesenteric and renal artery embolism during PTA and re-stenting of infrarenal abdominal aorta. Report of a case and review of the literature.

    The authors report a case of acute superior mesenteric and right renal artery embolism that occurred during an interventional radiological procedure on the abdominal aorta of a young diabetic woman. The onset of a severe abdominal pain during the procedure evoked the clinical suspicion of intestinal ischemia related to the dislodgement of atheroembolic material into the mesenteric artery; the event was correctly diagnosed, but the surgical therapy was delayed by many hours because of the fact that the patient was in a peripheral hospital of the region and had to be transferred to our institution. Fortunately in spite of the considerable delay, the operation was fully successful, probably because of the favourable location of the embolus, which allowed collateral splanchnic circulation to maintain a good metabolic balance. ( info)

16/155. review and case report of idiopathic lower extremity compartment syndrome and its treatment in diabetic patients.

    Diabetic muscle infarction is a rare complication of diabetes mellitus. However, idiopathic compartment syndrome in the diabetic patient is even a rarer disease, which has been reported only in three cases up to date. The disease seems to occur in patients affected by type 1 diabetes mellitus with a history of poorly controlled glucose levels. MRI aids in the diagnosis by delineating the edema of the muscle. However, definitive diagnosis is made using the Stryker needle unit. Treatment is accomplished by immediate two-incision fasciotomy. We present a case where a 34 yr-old female with a long standing history of poorly controlled Type 1 diabetes mellitus presented with a painful right lower extremity and was diagnosed with compartment syndrome. In our patient, a single incision fasciotomy to release the pressure was sufficient and might be considered as an alternative and less morbid procedure in the diabetic patient with already poorly healing tissues. We conclude that the muscle infarction in these patients is from diffuse microangiopathic disease leading to muscular infarction and fluid accumulation in the cells causing a decrease in the space in the compartment in question causing compartment syndrome. ( info)

17/155. Diabetic thigh muscle infarction in association with antiphospholipid antibodies.

    BACKGROUND: Diabetic muscle infarction (DMI) is a rare complication of type 1 diabetes mellitus. DMI has a stereotyped clinical presentation and characteristic, though nonspecific, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and histologic findings. The etiology, however, remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: To present the first reported cases of DMI in association with positive antiphospholipid (aPL) antibody titers and to discuss the etiologic and pathogenic significance of the association between type 1 diabetes and aPL antibodies. methods: Descriptive case reports of 2 patients with DMI and positive aPL antibodies and a review of the relevant literature. RESULTS: Our 2 patients with DMI are female type-1 diabetics with end-organ microvascular complications who presented with an abrupt, painful swelling or mass of the thigh musculature. The diagnosis of DMI was based on the clinical picture and the findings on T2-weighted MRI and histologic evaluation. The first patient had a long history of known aPL antibodies in the setting of systemic lupus erythematosus. The second patient was only determined to be aPL positive after her recurrent episodes of DMI. The first patient was treated with anticoagulation and corticosteroids with relatively rapid resolution of symptoms. The second patient was treated with local debridement and supportive care with a resulting course of prolonged symptoms and recurrences. There are no controlled trials of the treatment of DMI. In the literature there is evidence for an increased prevalence of aPL antibodies in type 1 diabetic patients. The pathogenesis of DMI is poorly understood, but the hypercoagulable state often associated with aPL antibodies may play an important role. CONCLUSIONS/RELEVANCE: aPL antibodies may be involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic muscle infarction and could serve as an important target of therapeutic intervention, namely with anticoagulation. ( info)

18/155. Endothelial dysfunction in type 2 diabetes mellitus subjects with peripheral artery disease.

    We strived to characterize the endothelial function status in type 2 diabetic patients with peripheral artery disease which was detected by ankle-brachial index by utilizing high frequency ultrasounds. Predictors of endothelial dysfunction were investigated. We chose 23 type 2 diabetic patients had ankle-brachial index <0.97 (0.15-0.95; mean=0.74 /-0.20), 31 diabetic patients had ankle-brachial index >/=1.0 and 28 non-diabetic subjects for study. Older age, a longer duration of diabetes, higher systolic blood pressure, higher prevalence of history of hypertension were observed in patients with peripheral vascular disease. Type 2 diabetic patients showed impaired flow-mediated dilatation than non-diabetic and it showed more impaired in patients with peripheral vascular disease. Nitroglyerin-induced dilatation showed a trend of impairment in patients with peripheral vascular disease but did not reach statistical significance. Age (r=-0.259, P=0.019), baseline brachial artery diameter (r=-0.321, P=0.003), ankle-brachial index (r=0.259, P=0.002) and hypertension history (P=0.01) were significantly associated with flow-mediated dilatation. However, after adjusting for age, only baseline diameter and ankle-brachial index were independent predictors of flow-mediated dilatation. In conclusion, we demonstrated flow-mediated dilatation was impaired in type 2 diabetic patients and it was further impaired in patients with peripheral vascular disease. nitroglycerin-induced dilatation showed a trend of impairment but did not reach statistical significance. ( info)

19/155. Cervicobrachial involvement in diabetic radiculoplexopathy.

    Diabetic radiculoplexopathy is commonly viewed as a condition affecting the lower extremities. However, other regions may also be affected and the presence of upper extremity involvement has rarely been emphasized. Our goal was to illustrate the clinical features of arm involvement in this condition. Of 60 patients with diabetic lumbosacral radiculoplexopathy, we identified 9 who also had upper extremity involvement. The study included 8 men and 1 woman, ranging in age from 36 to 71 years. Upper limb involvement developed simultaneously with the onset of lower limb disorder in 1 patient, preceded it by 2 months in another patient, and occurred between 3 weeks and 15 months later in the remaining 7. In 5 cases, arm involvement developed after symptoms in the legs began to improve. The upper extremity weakness affected the hands and forearms most severely. It was unilateral in 5 patients and bilateral but asymmetric in 4. Pain was often present, but it was not a prominent feature. In most patients, neurologic deficits in the arms improved spontaneously after 2-9 months. We conclude that diabetic radiculoplexopathy may involve the cervical region before, after, or simultaneously with the lumbosacral syndrome. The upper limb process is similar to that in the legs, with subacutely progressive weakness and pain followed by spontaneous recovery. ( info)

20/155. Candida infection associated with a solitary mycotic common iliac artery aneurysm.

    We report on a case of an isolated common iliac artery aneurysm infected by candida albicans. To our knowledge, only one other case of this condition has been reported. The patient, a 49-year-old man with diabetes mellitus and a history of fungal urinary tract infections, had recurrent right knee pain and swelling. The knee effusion grew C albicans. Mild right hydronephrosis and a 4.6-cm aneurysm of the right common iliac artery without involvement of the aorta or iliac bifurcation was revealed by means of a computed tomography scan. The aneurysm wall was inflammatory, and there was associated purulence at the time of operation. The right ureter was densely adherent to the anterior aspect of the aneurysm, but could be palpated and dissected free because of a ureteral stent that was placed before the surgical incision. The aneurysm was resected, and the proximal and distal margins were oversewn without graft placement. C albicans was found in the resected aneurysm. The patient recovered without limb-threatening ischemia or claudication, but the distance he could walk remained limited because of right knee symptoms. The aneurysm may have formed by direct extension of infection from the right ureter or by hematogenous or lymphatic spread. This case raises interesting issues about operative strategies and etiology. ( info)
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