Cases reported "Digestive System Fistula"

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1/2. Metallic cough and pyogenic liver abscess.

    The curious symptom of a metallic cough in association with a pyogenic hepatic abscess should heighten awareness of a fistula. We describe a 78-year-old female with severe diverticular disease, on long-term steroid treatment for polymyalgia rheumatica. She developed a pyogenic liver abscess, treated initially by antimicrobial therapy, and subsequently drained by ultrasound and computed tomography-guided percutaneous transhepatic pigtail catheterization. This was complicated by a fistulous communication between the abscess cavity and the bronchus, confirmed by radiology. After repeated attempts at drainage and antimicrobial therapy the abscess cavity, including the hepatobronchial fistula, resolved.
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2/2. Diaphragmatic defect with peritoneopericardial communication.

    An 81-year-old man had a congenital defect of the central tendon of the diaphragm, including a peritoneopericardial communication with herniation of the omentum to the pericardial sac in front of the heart. In addition, he had a critically stenosed congenital bicuspid aortic valve and severe coronary artery disease. The patient underwent reduction of the herniated omentum into the abdominal cavity, coronary artery bypass grafting, aortic valve replacement, and closure of the peritoneopericardial communication with a synthetic patch. Three years later, the patient was doing well, with a normally functioning pericardial valve in the aortic position and no sign of omentum around the heart.
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