Cases reported "Dilatation, Pathologic"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/161. Upper urinary tract obstruction: pressure/flow studies in children.

    34 upper urinary tract pressure/flow studies were carried out in 24 children. Obstruction was reliably diagnosed in 8 studies, and excluded in 21. This technique may provide information of clinical value in the patient with upper urinary tract dilatation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/161. Left-ventricular inflow obstruction due to a dilated coronary sinus mimicking cor triatriatum.

    Persistence of the left superior vena cava with drainage to the coronary sinus is a common congenital anomaly. We report an infant with such a malformation associated with marked enlargement of the coronary sinus, which produced partial supramitral obstruction and consequently impairment to the left-ventricular inflow. The patient pre-sented with cardiac failure in infancy and features mimicking cor triatriatum. Surgical relief of the supramitral obstruction resulted in immediate reversal of the pulmonary hypertension, with clinical improvement. This rare entity, only once previously reported, is an unusual cause of pulmonary hypertension in infancy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.5
keywords = obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/161. Trousseau's syndrome with brachiocephalic vein thrombosis in a patient with uterine carcinosarcoma. A case report.

    The authors treated a patient with the previously unreported occurrence of brachiocephalic vein and superior vena cava thrombosis in association with a distantly located cancer. A 71-year-old woman presented with swelling over the right side of the neck and abdominal distension. physical examination revealed a huge mass, and computed tomography demonstrated thrombosis of the brachiocephalic vein and superior vena cava accompanied by jugular vein dilatation. No coagulation disorder was demonstrable. After anticoagulation and thrombolysis, hysterectomy was performed; microscopic examination of the specimen revealed uterine carcinosarcoma. Even though local tumor obstruction is a much more common cause of neck vein thrombosis, a distant occult cancer can present as this form of Trousseau's syndrome. In patients with otherwise unexplained neck vein thrombosis, examination not only of the head and neck but also of the abdomen and pelvis should be pursued.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25
keywords = obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/161. Recurrent pancreatitis in a child with pancreas divisum. Endoscopic therapy of a Santorinicele.

    pancreas divisum is a rare congenital anomaly of the pancreatic ducts that has been implicated in pancreatitis. In addition, the finding of a Santorinicele, which is a cystic dilatation of the dorsal duct, suggests that there is an obstruction associated with a congenital or acquired weakness of the mucosa. We used an endoscopic technique to treat a child with recurrent pancreatitis who was found to have pancreas divisum and a large Santorinicele.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25
keywords = obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/161. Internal jugular phlebectasia--an unusual cause of neck swelling.

    We describe a 7-year-old child who presented with a soft fluctuant swelling on the neck which became more prominent during the Valsalva manoeuvre. He underwent adeno-tonsillectomy based on a mistaken diagnosis of ballooning of the pharynx secondary to enlarged adenoids and tonsils obstructing the nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal airways. Investigations revealed the swelling to be a markedly dilated internal jugular vein. We discuss the diagnostic features and mode of treatment of this condition so as to avoid unnecessary and dangerous surgical intervention.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.0066717610396377
keywords = airway
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/161. cerebrospinal fluid dynamics in megalencephaly.

    macrocephaly is one of the signs most commonly used in the diagnosis of hydrocephalus. Two children are reported who presented with macrocephaly. The results of neurological examination were normal apart from delay in mental development. head circumferences were above the 98th percentile. air studies showed mildly dilated ventricles with no obstruction, and ventriculolumbar perfusions indicated normal rates of cerebrospinal fluid formation and absorption. At seven years of age the children were mildly mentally retarded, with head circumferences above the 98th percentile. In the girl the ventricles were still mildly dilated but in the boy they were normal. It is concluded that the macrocephaly in these two children was the result of progressive megalencephaly and not of abnormal ventricular enlargement (hydrocephalus).
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25
keywords = obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/161. Right ovarian vein syndrome. A case with pre- and peroperative electromyographic registration of ureteral activity.

    Electrophysiological studies of ureteral function in a patient with right ovarian vein syndrome demonstrated intermittent antiperistalsis as reflected from pre-operative endoureteral activity recordings. The antiperistalsis was related to the patient intermittent right flank pain. Per-operative EMG and pressure measurements revealed that the antiperistalsis apparently arose from the area of obstruction and caused pressure waves of higher amplitude than those seen during normal anterograde peristaltic activity. After section of the vein, exclusively anterograde peristalsis was observed, and at 3 month follow-up, the patient was free of right side colics.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25
keywords = obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/161. Multiple gastrointestinal atresias with cystic dilatation of the biliary duct.

    A term newborn developed signs and symptoms of an upper-intestinal obstruction. A palpable transverse upper-abdominal mass was identified. An ultrasound examination demonstrated a cystic mass with massive dilatation of the biliary tree. At laparotomy, dozens of segmental intestinal atresias (IA) from the jejunum to the rectum were identified. The cystic mass was the duodenum, obstructed distally from the atresias and proximally from an antral web. The biliary dilatation was due to normal drainage into a closed-loop duodenal obstruction, and was relieved by division of the web. The multiple atresias were explored, but establishment of intestinal continuity was impossible. The entity of multiple segmental IAs in association with cystic biliary dilation has been previously described, but there are no recorded survivors; 35 patients have been reported in the world literature. Our patient was the longest survivor; she finally died after 2 years of gastrostomy-tube drainage and total parenteral nutrition while awaiting intestinal transplantation. Only 5 patients other than ours had documented immune-system abnormalities. We review the findings and management of this rare syndrome.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/161. Segmental dilatation of the ileum as an unusual cause of gastrointestinal bleeding: report of one case.

    We report a case of segmental dilatation of the ileum in a 10-month-old male infant. Intermittent loose black-colored stool passage and normocytic anemia were noted at the initial visits to our hospital. There was no symptom or sign of intestinal obstruction such as abdominal distention or vomiting. On physical examination, he was found to be pale but his abdomen was soft and flat. Digital examination revealed brownish stool tinged with black-colored oil-like stool but no polyp. Laboratory studies excluded coagulopathy, hemolytic anemia and lead poisoning. During hospitalization, he was treated with nothing per mouth, intravascular fluids, ranitidine, and transfusion of packed red blood cells. All examinations including panendoscopy, technetium-99m (99mTc)-pertechnetate Meckel's diverticulum scan, and double contrast colon series revealed no organic lesion except that 99mTc-red blood cell bleeding scans showed abnormal bleeding in the small intestine. Because of his persistent gastrointestinal bleeding with unknown cause, we did an exploratory laparotomy when the patient was 13 months old and idiopathic segmental dilatation of the ileum was confirmed. The dilated segment is supposed to be idiopathic because of histologically proven normal muscle layers without ectopic tissue. This case suggests that segmental dilatation of the ileum can only present as gastrointestinal bleeding without intestinal obstruction.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/161. Dilated phase of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with mid-ventricular obstruction after 20-year follow-up.

    This paper reports a case of dilated phase in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with mid-ventricular obstruction. Following the first cardiac catheterization and endomyocardial biopsy, the patient was diagnosed as having hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) with mid-ventricular obstruction. He had been first diagnosed at the age of 38 years and was subsequently followed for 20 years. Echocardiogram revealed gradually progressive dilatation of the left ventricle, associated with disappearance of the mid-ventricular obstruction. The second cardiac catheterization and endomyocardial biopsy performed at the age of 58 disclosed that the patient was in the dilated phase of HCM with a dip-and-plateau pattern diastolic pressure trace.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.75
keywords = obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Dilatation, Pathologic'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.