Cases reported "Dilatation, Pathologic"

Filter by keywords:

Retrieving documents. Please wait...

1/1086. Upper urinary tract obstruction: pressure/flow studies in children.

    34 upper urinary tract pressure/flow studies were carried out in 24 children. Obstruction was reliably diagnosed in 8 studies, and excluded in 21. This technique may provide information of clinical value in the patient with upper urinary tract dilatation. ( info)

2/1086. osteogenesis imperfecta with mitral insufficiency due to ballooning of the mitral valve. A case report.

    A further case of osteogenesis imperfecta with valvular heart disease is added to the 12 already reported in the literature. The presence of a dilated mitral annulus and a ballooned mitral leaflet in this case together with the findings reported in the literature leave little doubt as to the relationship between the valvular lesion and the underlying connective tissue disorder. ( info)

3/1086. Complex right hemisphere developmental venous anomaly associated with multiple facial hemangiomas. Case report.

    Complex developmental venous anomalies (DVAs) represent variations of normal cerebral venous drainage and consist of dilation of the superficial and/or deep venous system. These rare anomalies can occur unilaterally or bilaterally, supratentorially or infratentorially, focally or they can affect the entire hemisphere. Some DVAs are associated with cervicofacial venous malformations or facial lymphatic malformations. Anomalies of this type are generally clinically silent, and cerebral dysfunction is usually absent. Symptoms, when they occur, are most commonly headache or mild seizure disorders. The angiographic findings are striking, with well-formed but enlarged transcerebral medullary and deep and/or superficial cortical veins. Opacification of these venous structures occurs within the same time frame as a normal angiographic venous phase. The authors report the case of a 33-year-old man in whom a large inoperable arteriovenous malformation had been previously diagnosed and who presented with seizures. Repeated magnetic resonance imaging and angiography demonstrated abnormally dilated transcerebral, superficial, and deep venous structures involving the entire right hemisphere with no identifiable nidus. Additionally, multiple bilateral benign facial hemangiomas were present in this patient. It is important to recognize this rare venous appearance as a developmental variant and not mistake it for an arteriovenous malformation or a partially thrombosed vein of Galen malformation. Because these venous anomalies are extreme variants of the normal venous system, hemorrhage rarely, if ever, occurs and the patient can be reassured that no interventional or surgical therapy is necessary or warranted. ( info)

4/1086. Primary esophageal T cell lymphoma.

    A 60 year-old woman with primary esophageal T-cell lymphoma in clinical stage I(E)B is presented. Immunohistologic examination showed tumor cells to be positive for anti-LCA, anti-UCHL-1, anti-MT-1, anti-CD3 antibodies, and negative for anti-L26 antibody. Disappearance of dysphagia and improvement in esophageal findings were noted after 65 Gy of irradiation, and biopsy specimens from the esophagus revealed no malignancy. Primary esophageal lymphoma is extremely rare, and this T-cell lymphoma is only the fourth case reported in the literature. ( info)

5/1086. Progressive pulmonary autograft root dilatation and failure after Ross procedure.

    We present a case of progressive pulmonary autograft root dilatation and subsequent failure after a Ross procedure. The explanted autograft vessel wall revealed striking histologic findings indicative of chronic media rupture. Examination of another explanted pulmonary autograft root showed similar histologic changes, suggesting a common phenomenon in pulmonary autograft roots. It may be the cause of progressive root dilatation as observed after Ross operations. ( info)

6/1086. Delayed onset keratectasia following laser in situ keratomileusis.

    We present a case of unilateral iatrogenic keratectasia developing 10 months after bilateral laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) involving enhancement surgery using a broad-beam excimer laser (Summit Apex) to treat 6.6 diopters (D) of myopia. The ectasia progressed rapidly over the subsequent 12 months. The surgeon did not measure preoperative pachymetry, but preoperative topography and corneal measurements did not reveal underlying keratoconus or forme fruste keratoconus. corneal transplantation was required for final visual rehabilitation. light microscopy of the button revealed no underlying inflammation, which suggests biomechanical corneal weakening as the cause of the ectasia. Scanning electron microscopy showed the dramatic thinning seen clinically. latrogenic keratectasia appears to be a possible complication of LASIK. ( info)

7/1086. Successful treatment of tracheomalacia associated with esophageal atresia without a tracheoesophageal fistula by aortopexy: report of a case.

    tracheomalacia (TM) is well known as a complication associated with esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF); however, the occurrence of TM requiring surgical treatment in a patient having EA without a tracheoesophageal fistula has never been reported. We describe herein a rare case of TM associated with EA without TEF. Respiratory distress was caused by compression of the trachea by a severely dilated upper esophageal pouch with weakness of the tracheal wall. Aortopexy was performed, and an excellent postoperative result was achieved. ( info)

8/1086. Bochdalek diaphragmatic hernia presenting with acute gastric dilatation.

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia through the foramen of Bochdalek may present after infancy. A 21/2-year-old Malay girl presented with acute respiratory distress. Chest examination showed reduced chest expansion and decreased breath sounds on the left side. Chest radiograph showed a large "cyst" in the left chest, which was thought to be a lung cyst under tension. Tube thoracostomy resulted in clinical improvement. Results of a barium study showed that the cyst perforated by the thoracostomy tube was the stomach, which had herniated through a Bochdalek diaphragmatic defect. Surgical repair of the diaphragmatic defect and closure of the perforated stomach was performed successfully. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia should be included in the differential diagnosis of respiratory distress in young children. Nasogastric tube placement must be considered as an early diagnostic or therapeutic intervention when the diagnosis is suspected. ( info)

9/1086. Posterior capsule opacification and wrinkling in a case of capsular bag distension.

    We describe a complication following anterior neodymium: YAG laser capsulotomy in a case of capsular bag distension which was diagnosed 21 months after cataract extraction with phacoemulsification and in-the-bag lens implantation. An anterior neodymium: YAG capsulotomy was performed and immediately after this the posterior capsule collapsed and wrinkled, causing a marked decrease in visual acuity that necessitated posterior neodymium: YAG capsulotomy. ( info)

10/1086. Undiagnosed Mirizzi's syndrome: a word of caution for laparoscopic surgeons--a report of three cases and review of the literature.

    The mirizzi syndrome is often undiagnosed before surgery and can carry a high risk of iatrogenic damage to the common bile duct when encountered during open or, especially, laparoscopic surgery. Endoscopic management has recently been reported, but this treatment can be performed only when there is a high index of suspicion based on clinical criteria that the condition is present and therefore suggests the indication for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). This is not always the case. Consequently, in a considerable percentage of patients, the syndrome is discovered only after the bile ducts have been damaged during surgery. Three cases of Mirizzi's syndrome were observed in our experience of 896 laparoscopic cholecystectomies (0.3%). All patients were without typical symptoms, and the syndrome was unsuspected in spite of preoperative intravenous cholangiography. All patients required conversion to an open procedure, with two injuries of the common bile duct (a complete transection and a tear) being promptly repaired. We conclude that when this syndrome is suspected or found during surgery, the surgeon should follow these guidelines: (1) perform intraoperative cholangiography when possible, even through the gallbladder wall; and (2) dissect the gallbladder from above and, if necessary, open it to extract the stone. dissection of Calot's triangle should never be attempted. Great expertise is required to complete the operation laparoscopically. The reported cases in the literature refer to a high percentage of conversion, underlining the technical difficulties and making this syndrome, when undiagnosed and unsuspected, a real challenge for laparoscopic surgeons. ( info)
| Next ->

Leave a message about 'Dilatation, Pathologic'

We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.