Cases reported "Diverticulitis, Colonic"

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1/185. The radiology corner: Longitudinal fistulous tract of the colon and a perianal fistula in diverticulitis.

    Diverticular disease may mimic many of the symptoms and signs of Crohn's disease. The presence, however, of perirectal involvement and a longitudinal fistula greater than 10 cm. in the wall of the colon are two unusual features of diverticular disease. Discussed herein is a patient who presented with both of these complications. ( info)

2/185. Giant gas filled cysts of the sigmoid colon: a report of two cases.

    Two case reports of giant gas filled cysts of the sigmoid colon are presented. It is considered that radiology provides the only useful and conclusive diagnostic investigation. In one of the cases, operative confirmation was obtained. In the other, the radiological appearances are considered to be diagnostic. ( info)

3/185. Appendicular involvement in perforated sigmoid disease: US and CT findings.

    We describe four patients in whom ultrasound (US) and/or computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a thickened appendix, secondarily enlarged due to perforated sigmoid diverticulitis (n = 2) or carcinoma (n = 2). The underlying pathology was correctly recognized in all cases. Secondary thickening of the appendix due to perforated sigmoid disease provides a potential pitfall mainly on US and may lead to an incorrect diagnosis and thus to unnecessary surgery or a wrong surgical intervention. Although US alone is enough to diagnose periappendicitis and sigmoid disease, combined use of US and CT may improve assessment of its origin and extension. ( info)

4/185. Transverse colon diverticulitis: successful nonoperative management in four patients. Report of four cases.

    PURPOSE: diverticulitis of the transverse colon is a rare disorder and is often confused with other conditions. Previously reported cases of transverse colon diverticulitis were diagnosed and treated by surgical exploration. Four cases are presented that were successfully managed with a nonsurgical approach. methods AND RESULTS: review of the literature in English disclosed 31 cases of transverse colon diverticulitis. The clinical characteristics and management of these patients are reviewed and compared with the current series of patients. The utility of computerized tomography in the diagnosis of diverticulitis is discussed. CONCLUSIONS: Medical therapy with bowel rest and antibiotics is appropriate for transverse colon diverticulitis when free perforation and peritoneal signs are absent and the inflammation is contained, as shown by computerized tomography. Operative exploration should be reserved for patients with diffuse peritonitis or those where perforated colon cancer cannot be excluded. ( info)

5/185. Colosalpingeal fistula: a rare complication of colonic diverticular disease.

    Diverticular disease is a common condition in Western countries. The formation of inflammatory fistulae, usually from sigmoid colon to bladder or vagina, can be a feature of complicated cases of the disorder and is normally an indication for surgical intervention. We present a case of colosalpingeal fistulation occurring secondary to diverticulitis, a complication which, to our knowledge, has not been previously reported in the radiological literature. As in this instance, the initial clinical presentation of this problem can often be non-specific, with localising symptoms occurring later. In our case, barium enema examination allowed good demonstration of the fistulous communication before the more specific symptoms were clinically apparent. ( info)

6/185. Appendiceal diverticulitis.

    diverticulitis has long been known to affect the right colon, and in recent years, our understanding has evolved in regard to the underlying cause. Appendiceal diverticulitis has yet to gain widespread recognition despite the fact that it was first described in 1893. Commonly dismissed by surgeons and pathologists as a variant of true appendicitis, appendiceal diverticulitis is a discrete clinical process that must be considered in the appropriate setting. We describe a case of appendiceal diverticulitis in a previously healthy 59-year-old man and review the literature. ( info)

7/185. femoral neuropathy: an infrequently reported postoperative complication. Report of four cases.

    Postoperative femoral neuropathy is an uncommon complication of abdominal surgery. We present four cases occurring after colectomy at our institution and discuss the diagnosis and treatment. ( info)

8/185. Extranasal T/NK-cell lymphoma presenting as intestinal diverticulum.

    A case of intestinal angiocentric T/NK-cell lymphoma in a 58-year-old man is reported. The patient presented initially with panperitonitis because of perforation of sigmoid colon diverticulum. He underwent segmentectomy of involved bowel. Histologically, the intestinal wall showed diffuse infiltration of medium or large size lymphoma cells with angiocentric growth and necrosis. The lymphoma cells were CD56 , CD45RO , CD3 , CD4-, CD8-, CD20-, and CD30- in paraffin sections with germline configuration of TCR-gamma gene, consistent with T/NK-cell lymphoma. Further staging revealed splenomegaly. Intestinal angiocentric T/NK cell lymphoma represents a distinct etiology of diverticulum with perforation. ( info)

9/185. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma with mimicry of pseudomyxoma peritonei in a patient with a history of perforated sigmadiverticulitis.

    We describe a 57-year-old man who presented with diffuse abdominal pain, abdominal enlargement, vomitus, dyspnea and a weight loss of 30 kg within 6 months. These acute symptoms were preceded by an episode of ascites and an acute sigmadiverticulitis 7 months ago. ultrasonography and computed tomography were suggestive of pseudomyxoma peritonei. However, malignant mesothelioma peritonei was diagnosed by open surgery with biopsy for histological examination. Despite R-2-resection of the tumor and following open hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy with initial remarkable recovery the patient died 5 months after therapeutical intervention. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is an extremely rare tumor with great diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties. We report a case including diagnostical work up and the medical surgical therapy of this disease. ( info)

10/185. Aortocolic fistula, a lethal cause of lower gastrointestinal bleeding: report of a case.

    Aortocolic fistula occurs with spontaneous rupture of aortic and iliac aneurysms into the sigmoid colon, or due to involvement of the aneurysmal wall by acute diverticulitis. In the eight cases reviewed, this complication proved uniformly lethal, although sufficient clinical findings were present for diagnosis, and adequate time was available for a planned therapeutic approach. Lower gastrointestinal bleeding in the patient who has an aortic aneurysm and left-lower-quadrant inflammation suggests the presence of an aortocolic fistual. angiography should be performed during a bleeding episode to confirm the diagnosis. Surgical correction consists of an axillofemoral by pass graft, excision of the aortic aneurysm, and a Hartmann procedure. ( info)
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