Cases reported "Diverticulitis"

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1/37. Xanthogranulomatous tubo-ovarian abscess resulting from chronic diverticulitis.

    We report a case of xanthogranulomatous tubo-ovarian abscess which was preoperatively suspected to be an adnexal neoplasm. With foreign body material found in the abscess wall and vegetable fiber in the tubal lumen, a previously treated chronic diverticulitis was the presumed cause. culture studies showed polymicrobial isolates which included escherichia coli, an enteric pathogen. After surgery, administration of antibiotics, and revision of delayed subcutaneous wound healing, the patient is reportedly well.
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2/37. Meckel's diverticulitis in an elderly man diagnosed by computed tomography.

    Meckel's diverticulum is the most common congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract. Complications most frequently arise in children younger than 2 years who present with gastrointestinal bleeding. The diagnosis is usually made via radionuclide scintigraphy or intraoperatively. The authors report a 71-year-old man who developed a sudden onset of right lower quadrant abdominal pain, without bleeding, and was diagnosed as having Meckel's diverticulitis via computed tomography. The presence of Meckel' s diverticulitis was confirmed at surgery. Complications of a Meckel's diverticulum must be considered at any age. Computed tomography is another modality that may be helpful in the preoperative diagnosis.
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3/37. Appendiceal diverticulitis.

    We report the case of a 56-year-old man with episodic right lower quadrant abdominal pain. Preoperative evaluation included computed tomography (CT) showing a right lower quadrant phlegmon consistent with cecal diverticulitis or appendicitis. The patient was treated with a short course of bowel rest and antibiotics. Four weeks later, he had an appendectomy. The patient was found to have chronic appendiceal diverticulitis and recovered uneventfully. Histopathologic studies revealed herniated mucosa through the muscular layer associated with chronic inflammation and marked fibrosis. These findings represent appendiceal diverticulitis. Diverticulosis of the appendix is believed to be uncommon and roentgenologic diagnosis of appendiceal diverticular disease is rarely made. We discuss the diagnosis and CT findings of appendiceal diverticulitis and present a thorough review of the literature.
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4/37. Acute diverticulitis in heart- and lung transplant patients.

    Significant gastrointestinal complications have been observed in patients following heart- and lung transplantation. These complications can occur in the immediate post-operative period or remote from the time of transplantation. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 268 consecutive patients who received either heart- or lung transplants at Henry Ford Hospital between 1985 and 1998. Two hundred and thirty-three patients received heart transplants and 35 underwent lung transplantation. Two patients developed acute diverticulitis post transplant, both requiring surgery. Management of acute diverticulitis in the heart- and lung transplant population requires a high index of suspicion. Early and aggressive diagnosis is mandatory. Surgical intervention must be prompt when indicated, with meticulous attention to surgical technique. With appropriate intervention, reasonable outcomes can be expected.
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5/37. laparoscopy and unsuspected intra-abdominal malignancy with rapid peritoneal spread.

    Use of the laparoscopic approach for intra-abdominal malignancy remains controversial because there have been multiple reports of tumor metastases at port sites after laparoscopy. Although several randomized trials have documented no difference in recurrence rates between laparoscopic and open surgery, there are still many questions about the behavior of tumor cells in laparoscopic conditions. The speed of tumor spread and time to recurrence appear to be variable. Abdominal insufflation and other effects of laparoscopy are only now being delineated. It is not clear whether tumor characteristics, preoperative tumor stage, or the laparoscopic milieu itself affect tumor spread during and after laparoscopic surgery. We present an unusual case of very rapid tumor dissemination in a young patient who underwent diagnostic laparoscopy.
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6/37. Emergency laparotomy in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.

    peritonitis is the most common complication of chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). It is often a diagnostic challenge to differentiate those patients with CAPD-associated infections from those who have unrelated gastrointestinal pathology as the cause of peritonitis and would benefit from surgical exploration. A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients at a single institution who were on CAPD between the years 1990 and 1998 and who underwent laparotomy for peritonitis. Six patients underwent laparotomy. Four were male and two were female; ages ranged from 34 to 80 years. Perforated appendicitis was the cause of peritonitis in three patients, perforated diverticulitis was present in two, and one was without any suppurative intra-abdominal process. In each case CT scan of the abdomen was nondiagnostic. There was a delay in diagnosis of 10 days (range 3-21 days) and an operative mortality of 16 per cent.
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7/37. Cecal diverticulitis: a case report and review of the current literature.

    We report a case of a female patient with a picture of "atypical appendicitis," with 3 days of abdominal pain, localized to the right lower quadrant with no nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or anorexia. On examination she was febrile to 38.4 degrees C, had tenderness at McBurney's point, and a leukocyte count of 11,200. A computerized axial tomography (CAT) scan was obtained showing changes consistent with appendicitis. On laparoscopic exploration the patient was found to have cecal masses. Definitive surgical treatment was deferred until after adequate evaluation of the colon. Postoperative colonoscopy demonstrated cecal diverticulitis. Management of cecal diverticulitis found during laparotomy for presumed appendicitis has included right hemicolectomy, ileocolic resection or appendectomy, and conservative treatment with antibiotics. The laparoscopic approach in a patient with an equivocal history and physical examination allows for definitive workup of inflammatory cecal masses found during surgery for appendicitis.
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8/37. Telerobotic-assisted laparoscopic right and sigmoid colectomies for benign disease.

    PURPOSE: Telerobotic surgical systems attempt to provide technological solutions to the inherent limitations of traditional laparoscopic surgery. In this article, we present the first two reported cases of telerobotic-assisted laparoscopic colectomies performed on March 6 and 8, 2001. methods: In the first patient we performed a telerobotic-assisted laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy for diverticulitis. In the second patient, we accomplished a telerobotic-assisted laparoscopic right hemicolectomy for cecal diverticulitis. The Da Vinci telerobotic surgical system was used in both cases to mobilize the bowel. The mesenteric division, bowel transection, and anastomoses were accomplished with standard laparoscopic-assisted techniques. Both operations were completed with a three-trocar technique. RESULTS: We found that the Da Vinci system adequately replaced the camera holder. The three-dimensional virtual operative field helped to maintain the surgeon's orientation during the operation. The combination of three-dimensional imaging and the hand-like motions of the telerobotic surgical instruments facilitated dissection. The Da Vinci console offered an ergonomically comfortable position for the surgeon. Operative times for the sigmoid colectomy was 340 minutes and for the right hemicolectomy 228 minutes. Telerobotic-assisted laparoscopic colectomy is feasible, but required a longer operative time than our standard laparoscopic-assisted technique. CONCLUSION: Telerobotic-assisted laparoscopic colectomy is feasible and warrants further investigations in controlled trials.
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9/37. Ampullary duodenal diverticulum and cholangitis.

    CONTEXT: Ampullary duodenal diverticulum complicated by cholangitis is little known in clinical practice, especially when there are no gallstones in the common bile duct or there is no biliary tree ectasia or hyperamylasemia. A case of this association is presented, in which the surgical treatment was a biliary-enteric bypass. CASE REPORT: A 74-year-old diabetic white woman was admitted to the Taubat University Hospital, complaining of pain in the right upper quadrant, jaundice and fever with chills (Charcot's triad). She had had cholecystectomy 30 years earlier. She underwent clinical treatment with parenteral hydration, insulin, antibiotics and symptomatic drugs. Imaging examinations were provided for diagnosis: ultrasound, computed tomography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. The surgical treatment consisted of choledochojejunostomy utilizing a Roux-en-y loop. The postoperative period progressed without incidents, and a DISIDA scan demonstrated the presence of dynamic biliary excretion. The patient remained asymptomatic when seen at outpatient follow-up.
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10/37. Multiple jejunal diverticulitis with perforation in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus: report of a case.

    A 70-year-old man with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) was brought to our Emergency Department after the sudden onset of acute and severe abdominal pain. physical examination revealed a tender and distended abdomen with guarding and rebound tenderness in the periumbilical region and the left upper quadrant. A plain abdominal X-ray taken with the patient upright showed air fluid levels with dilatation of several loops in the small bowel. As the examination could not rule out bowel ischemia, perforation, or obstruction, an emergency laparotomy was performed, which revealed multiple jejunal diverticulosis, one of which had perforated and adhered to the right colon, causing rotation. The diverticulosis segment was resected and an end-to-end anastomosis was done. The patient had an uneventful postoperative recovery without any complications. This is an unusual cause of peritonitis in a patient with SLE, and we could not find any evidence to suggest involvement of the underlying SLE in the jejunal diverticulosis and diverticulitis in this patient. Nevertheless, the involvement of SLE might be possible and further investigation is warranted.
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