Cases reported "Diverticulum"

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1/4. Unusual anatomic presentation of ectopic ureteroceles.

    The authors describe four patients with unusual anatomic presentation of ectopic ureteroceles and their surgical treatment. Over a 3-year period, four cases of unusual ectopic ureteroceles were encountered. A 6-month-old girl had a complex cloacal anomaly with an ectopic ureterocele within the cloaca. A 10-year-old boy had two large diverticuli within an ectopic ureterocele combined with a blind-ending ipsilateral ureter. A 3-year-old girl had an ectopic ureterocele combined with a periureteral diverticulum and a completely duplicated ipsilateral kidney. A 4-year-old girl was found to have a vaginal ectopic ureterocele. Despite thorough radiological investigation in all patients, a correct assessment of the anatomic defect was achieved only by surgical exploration or endoscopic evaluation. If preoperative radiological evaluation is equivocal, a high index of suspicion and intraoperative recognition of an unusual anatomic presentation of the ectopic ureterocele are essential for appropriate management and a successful outcome.
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ranking = 1
keywords = ureterocele
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2/4. Bladder outlet obstruction after operation for ureterocele.

    Two patients with ureterocele-induced bladder outlet obstruction are presented. In each instance, a broad-based diverticulum had developed in the floor of the bladder as a result of the muscular defect created by a simple ureterocele in one patient and an ectopic ureterocele in the other. This bladder diverticulum produced secondary obstruction of the bladder outlet during the act of voiding. urinary diversion in one patient had been carried out because of bladder outlet obstruction and was being seriously considered in the other patient because of upper tract deterioration. After the correct diagnosis was established, reconstruction of the muscular defect eliminated the obstruction and reestablished satisfactory bladder function. urinary diversion was thus prevented in one patient and undiversion accomplished in another, when the true obstructing nature of the bladder diverticulum was established and correct therapy instituted.
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ranking = 0.63636363636364
keywords = ureterocele
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3/4. Inverted Y duplication of the ureter in association with ureterocele and bladder diverticulum.

    We report a case of inverted Y duplication of the ureter in association with an obstructing ectopic ureterocele and paraureteral diverticulum. Preoperative radiological studies demonstrated the ureterocele and diverticulum but they failed to show the duplex distal ureter. The duplicated section of ureter was excised and a Cohen reimplantation was performed. The presence of a large ureterocele obstructing the bladder neck, a diverticulum, failure of reflux into the ectopic segment and poor function of the affected kidney all contributed to the difficulties in establishing a preoperative diagnosis.
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ranking = 0.63636363636364
keywords = ureterocele
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4/4. female wide urethra masquerading as a urethral diverticulum in association with ectopic ureterocele.

    A rare case of wide urethra in a female infant mimicking as a urethral diverticulum in association with ectopic ureterocele is reported. The ureterocele terminated just below the bladder neck, but the diverticulum-like structure everted from the wide urethra, protruding towards the ureterocele. Weakness of the urethral wall, distal to the actual ureterocele may produce such an abnormal radiologic finding. The pertinent literature is reviewed.
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ranking = 0.72727272727273
keywords = ureterocele
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