Cases reported "Diverticulum"

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1/811. Intraluminal duodenal diverticulum in a child: incidental onset possibly associated with the ingestion of a foreign body.

    Funnel-type intraluminal duodenal diverticulum (windsock web) is a rare congenital malformation. A 4-year-old boy with vomiting and abdominal pain for several weeks was referred to the hospital. A plain abdominal X-ray on admission disclosed a double bubble sign. Abdominal echography and CT disclosed a foreign body lodged in the alimentary tract. After the foreign body was removed with a fibrescope, endoscopy showed a stenotic descending portion where the foreign body was located. An upper gastro-intestinal contrast study demonstrated a post-bulbar duodenal stenosis with a barium-filled pear-shaped sac in the descending portion of the duodenum. Surgical exploration was done under the diagnosis of windsock web of the duodenum. A simple excision of the web at its base was carried out. A hole 7 mm in diameter was found at the edge of the web. The microscopic appearance of the resected specimen was characterized by the duodenal mucosa with an extensive chronic inflammation lining both sides of the diverticulum and the lack of muscular layer of mucosa. CONCLUSION: If an ingested material is not excreted in the stool, possible clogging in the intestinal tract should always be considered and a further intensive examination is warranted. ( info)

2/811. Long-term follow-up of a true contractile left ventricular diverticulum.

    The natural history of contractile left ventricular diverticulum in the adult is not known. Serial left ventricular angiography in an adult revealed that a left ventricular diverticulum did not increase in size over a 13-year period, suggesting that the clinical course may be benign. ( info)

3/811. magnetic resonance imaging detection of symptomatic noncommunicating intraurethral wall diverticula in women.

    PURPOSE: We documented the merit of endorectal coil magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for detecting intraurethral wall diverticula in women. MATERIALS AND methods: We report on 3 women with a long-standing history of urinary frequency, urgency and voiding dysfunction who had been treated unsuccessfully for other etiologies. RESULTS: MRI of the urethra revealed noncommunicating intraurethral wall diverticula, which were excised. CONCLUSIONS: Urethral MRI should be considered in women with lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to a suspected urethral pathology. ( info)

4/811. catheter ablation in a patient with a congenital giant right atrial diverticulum presented as wolff-parkinson-white syndrome.

    A young woman symptomatic for tachycardia showed right ventricular preexcitation on the surface ECG with a pattern during induced atrial fibrillation suggestive of multiple APs. Noninvasive imaging techniques performed prior to catheter ablation demonstrated the presence of a giant right atrial diverticulum confirmed by hemodynamic procedure. This structure functioned as an enormous accessory AP. We performed catheter ablation of this pathway using a special 4-mm multipolar catheter inside the diverticulum. This is the first case of such as anomaly being successfully treated with catheter ablation. ( info)

5/811. Lacrimal sac diverticula associated with a patent lacrimal system.

    PURPOSE: To describe the clinical features of lacrimal sac diverticula. methods: Orbital masses were evaluated in 3 patients. One patient had a large tumor extending from the medial orbit associated with upward globe displacement, one had a mass inferior to the medial canthus, and one had an inflamed mass in the right lower lid. Two of the patients had no history of chronic epiphora, sinus disease, or nasal trauma. In all patients, irrigation demonstrated lacrimal drainage system patency. RESULTS: Surgical exploration confirmed the diagnosis of lacrimal sac diverticulum in all patients. Two diverticula were associated with a dacryolith. Each patient was successfully managed with excision of the diverticulum and dacryocystorhinostomy. CONCLUSIONS: Lacrimal sac diverticula should be considered in the diagnosis of medial orbital tumors, and computed tomography is useful in the diagnosis of lacrimal sac diverticula. ( info)

6/811. Two forms of cutis laxa presenting in the newborn period.

    Two infants are described with congenital cutis laxa. They represent two distinct disorders. In the first, congenital cutis laxa is associated with a generalized disorder of elastic tissue in which there may be diaphragmatic or other hernias, diverticula of the gastrointestinal or urinary tract and infantile emphysema. The disease is fatal often within the first year. In the second, congenital cutis laxa is associated with widely patent anterior fontanel, a variety of malformations, and retarded growth and development. Recognition of these distinct syndromes in the newborn period and their recessive inheritance permit realistic discussion of the prognosis which is very different from the benign dominant forms of cutis laxa. ( info)

7/811. Congenital bladder diverticula in children.

    BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The authors report their experience with the management of congenital bladder diverticula in children. methods: The authors reviewed the histories of six boys (mean age, 4.4 years) in whom congenital bladder diverticula was treated from 1980 to 1996. Diverticula were unilateral in four patients and bilateral in two patients. All patients presented recurrent urinary tract infection, and two boys had several episodes of urinary retention. Secondary kidney damage was present in two patients with ureteral obstruction and one with vesicoureteral reflux. Surgical treatment was undertaken in all patients. RESULTS: After surgical treatment, none of the patients has had recurrence of the diverticula, and all remain asymptomatic. CONCLUSIONS: Congenital bladder diverticula have a wide clinical spectrum and could lead to severe kidney damage. Urinary tract infection and urinary retention are the most frequent presentation forms. Surgical treatment should be indicated in all symptomatic cases according to each anatomic and functional situation. ( info)

8/811. Unusual anatomic presentation of ectopic ureteroceles.

    The authors describe four patients with unusual anatomic presentation of ectopic ureteroceles and their surgical treatment. Over a 3-year period, four cases of unusual ectopic ureteroceles were encountered. A 6-month-old girl had a complex cloacal anomaly with an ectopic ureterocele within the cloaca. A 10-year-old boy had two large diverticuli within an ectopic ureterocele combined with a blind-ending ipsilateral ureter. A 3-year-old girl had an ectopic ureterocele combined with a periureteral diverticulum and a completely duplicated ipsilateral kidney. A 4-year-old girl was found to have a vaginal ectopic ureterocele. Despite thorough radiological investigation in all patients, a correct assessment of the anatomic defect was achieved only by surgical exploration or endoscopic evaluation. If preoperative radiological evaluation is equivocal, a high index of suspicion and intraoperative recognition of an unusual anatomic presentation of the ectopic ureterocele are essential for appropriate management and a successful outcome. ( info)

9/811. Spontaneous rupture of bladder diverticula in a girl with ehlers-danlos syndrome.

    A 5-year-old girl with ehlers-danlos syndrome presented with acute abdominal pain and anuria caused by a spontaneous perforation of bladder diverticula. Conservative treatment was successful. ( info)

10/811. Closure of mouth of bladder diverticulum via endoscopic transvesico-transurethral approach.

    We successfully treated bladder diverticula in two patients using the endoscopic transvesico-transurethral approach. The mouth of the diverticulum was closed in two layers under pneumobladder, using two percutaneous ports placed into the bladder as well as the urethral route. This operation was performed 2 to 3 months after the bladder outlet obstruction was relieved by transurethral resection or incision of the prostate. The patients were able to void with a minimum of residual urine. The endoscopic transvesico-transurethral approach provided satisfactory vision. ( info)
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