Cases reported "Down Syndrome"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/3. Understanding metaphors and idioms: a single-case neuropsychological study in a person with down syndrome.

    The ability of subject F.F., diagnosed with down syndrome, to appreciate nonliteral (interpreting metaphors and idioms) and literal (vocabulary knowledge, including highly specific and unusual items) aspects of language was investigated. F.F. was impaired in understanding both metaphors and idioms, while her phonological, syntactic and lexical-semantic skills were largely preserved. By contrast, some aspects of F.F.'s executive functions and many visuospatial abilities were defective. The suggestion is made that the interpretation of metaphors and idioms is largely independent of that of literal language, preserved in F.F., and that some executive aspects of working memory and visuospatial and imagery processes may play a role.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = vocabulary
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/3. An operant procedure for improving vocabulary definition performances in developmentally delayed children.

    This report describes a training program in which operant procedures were used to improve the identification and definition of selected vocabulary words in three developmentally delayed children. Generalization from the training words was well established, as determined by responses to untrained vocabulary performance words. The results of this procedure suggest its application with other developmentally delayed children.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 6
keywords = vocabulary
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/3. Preserved vocabulary acquisition in Down's syndrome: the role of phonological short-term memory.

    We report the study of a 23-year-old Italian girl, FF, with Down's syndrome (trisomy 21). FF showed a remarkably good developmental acquisition of Italian language and vocabulary and was able to learn English and French, although the latter with less proficiency. FF showed an entirely preserved function of the phonological short-term store and articulatory rehearsal components of verbal short-term memory. By contrast, she was impaired in a wide range of tasks assessing verbal and non-verbal reasoning, visuo-spatial perception and memory, and verbal long-term memory. These findings, in line with evidence from brain-damaged patients, normal subjects and children, suggest that phonological short-term memory plays a crucial role in vocabulary acquisition, which may occur in the presence of substantial deficits of general intelligence and episodic memory.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 6
keywords = vocabulary
(Clic here for more details about this article)


Leave a message about 'Down Syndrome'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.