Cases reported "Drug Eruptions"

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11/588. Mucha-Habermann disease-like eruptions due to tegafur.

    The first case of Mucha-Habermann disease-like drug eruptions due to tegafur is reported. A 59-year-old man noticed various skin lesions after he had taken 300 mg of tegafur daily for about 200 days. The patient had papulonecrotic eruptions on his trunk and extremities. The histology from a papular lesion revealed epidermal necrosis surrounded by spongiosis, perivascular inflammatory infiltrations composed of lymphocytes and erythrocytes, and endothelial swelling. The etiology of Mucha-Habermann disease is not known, but an immune mechanism may be supported by our case.
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keywords = drug
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12/588. A man with a mysterious hypogammaglobulinaemia and skin rash.

    We have observed a 26-year-old diabetic male who had been treated with carbamazepine because of seizures. After two months of treatment, he developed a severe illness with skin rash, fever, hepatomegaly and hypogammaglobulinaemia. Since hypogammaglobulinaemia is a rare side effect of carbamazepine treatment, a stop order was given for carbamazepine. The abnormalities (skin, fever, hypogammaglobulinaemia) remained until it appeared that the patient had secretly continued taking the drug. When drug administration was stopped the skin abnormalities improved and serum immunoglobulin levels became normal. The etiology of this transient carbamazepine-induced hypogammaglobulinaemia is unknown.
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ranking = 2
keywords = drug
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13/588. Amoxycillin-induced flexural exanthem.

    We describe a 37-year-old man who developed an acute, inflammatory flexural eruption shortly after taking amoxycillin, then erythema multiforme-like lesions on the palms and soles. The eruption resolved with systemic corticosteroids, and positive patch tests with amoxycillin supported a drug-induced aetiology. A few similar cases have been described as the 'baboon syndrome' or intertriginous drug eruptions. We draw attention to this rare, distinctive drug eruption.
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ranking = 3
keywords = drug
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14/588. methotrexate-induced papular eruption in patients with rheumatic diseases: a distinctive adverse cutaneous reaction produced by methotrexate in patients with collagen vascular diseases.

    BACKGROUND: In the past few years, low doses of methotrexate have been used for treatment of patients with rheumatoid arthritis and other collagen vascular diseases, mainly as an immunosuppressive and corticosteroid-sparing drug. Several cutaneous adverse reactions have been described in association with methotrexate therapy. OBJECTIVE: We describe the clinical and the histopathologic features of distinctive cutaneous lesions that appeared in 4 patients with acute bouts of collagen vascular diseases who were receiving methotrexate therapy. methods: We clinically and histopathologically evaluated cutaneous lesions caused by methotrexate therapy in 4 patients, 2 with systemic lupus erythematosus, 1 with rheumatoid arthritis, and 1 with Sharp syndrome. RESULTS: Clinically, lesions consisted of erythematous indurated papules most commonly located on proximal areas of the extremities. Histopathologic examination of these papules showed an inflammatory infiltrate mainly composed of histiocytes interstitially arranged between collagen bundles of the dermis, intermingled with few neutrophils. In some foci of deeper reticular dermis, small rosettes composed of clusters of histiocytes surrounding a thick central collagen bundle were seen. Cutaneous lesions showed a direct chronologic relationship with methotrexate therapy, and they disappeared when the drug was tapered or withdrawn and corticosteroids were increased. CONCLUSION: patients receiving low doses of methotrexate for acute bouts of collagen vascular diseases may experience characteristic cutaneous lesions with distinctive clinical and histopathologic findings shortly after methotrexate administration. We discuss the differential diagnosis with other dermatoses showing similar histopathologic findings that have been described in patients with collagen vascular diseases.
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ranking = 2
keywords = drug
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15/588. Disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis like drug eruption: a case report.

    We report a 54-year-old male patient who developed an unusual form of generalized drug eruption. He had pain and breathlessness on the left chest wall. He had history of taking several drugs at private clinics under a diagnosis of herpes zoster. Two weeks later he had a generalized skin eruption. Examination showed multiple variable sized, mild pruritic, erythematous macules and papules on the face and upper extremities. Skin lesions take the form of a clinically consistent with disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis (DSAP). methylprednisolone 16 mg, astemisole 10 mg, oxatomide 60 mg was prescribed. Topical corticosteroid cream was applied. Within two months, his eruption had cleared almost completely. The pathogenetic mechanisms of this case are unclear, but drug and UV light have been considered.
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ranking = 7
keywords = drug
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16/588. Necrotizing vasculitis of the skin and uterine cervix associated with minocycline therapy for acne vulgaris.

    In recent years, minocycline has become a commonly used agent for the treatment of acne vulgaris and rosacea. With this increased use have come reports of severe and in some cases life-threatening toxicity, often occurring in otherwise healthy young women after prolonged courses of minocycline. These adverse reactions include hepatotoxicity, drug-induced lupus erythematosus, eosinophilic pneumonitis, and hypersensitivity syndrome. We describe a 35-year-old woman who had necrotizing vasculitis of the skin and uterine cervix after 2 years of minocycline therapy for acne vulgaris. Skin and cervical biopsies revealed acute inflammation involving through-and-through necrosis of vessel walls with thrombosis, focal fibrinoid change, and a perivascular lymphohistiocytic infiltrate. The disease fully resolved within 3 months of discontinuance of the minocycline therapy. patients should be informed of these rare but potentially serious adverse effects before the initiation of minocycline therapy. Early recognition of these complications can result in complete resolution.
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keywords = drug
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17/588. aspirin sensitivity: the role for aspirin challenge and desensitization in postmyocardial infarction patients.

    aspirin is one of the world's most commonly used medications and its use benefits many diverse conditions. Adverse reactions, however, are relatively common as well. hypersensitivity to aspirin can be manifested as acute asthma, urticaria and/or angioedema, or a systemic anaphylactoid reaction. We report 3 cases in whom aspirin was indicated for secondary prophylaxis of myocardial infarction but in whom a remote history of an untoward reaction to it prevented its initial use. These patients all underwent further evaluation of their pulmonary and allergic history and all 3 were challenged with aspirin. Two patients were found not to be sensitive and started on aspirin, the other had a classic asthmatic reaction to the drug and was successfully desensitized to aspirin allowing for its use.
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ranking = 1
keywords = drug
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18/588. Multiple fixed drug eruption caused by iomeprol (Iomeron), a nonionic contrast medium.

    Most cases of drug eruption caused by nonionic contrast media (NICM) reported to date have been of the erythema multiforme type. Herein we report the first case of multiple fixed drug eruption (FDE) caused by iomeprol (Iomeron(R)). A 67-year-old woman developed multiple pea-sized erythematous papules on the trunk and extremities 4 days after receiving 100 ml of iomeprol for a computed tomography examination. Some of the papules coalesced, forming 7 large plaques on the limbs. Six months later, the patient was mistakenly administered iomeprol again. On the following morning, erythematous plaques admixed with vesicles recurred at the same sites as during the previous episode. In both episodes, the lesions cleared leaving pigmentation that faded with 6 weeks. Both patch testing and an intradermal test with iomeprol on lesional pigmented skin were positive. The present case indicates that NICM may cause multiple FDE and that repeated administration of the causative agent may increase the severity of the eruption.
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ranking = 6
keywords = drug
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19/588. Lichenoid cutaneous drug reaction at injection sites of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (Filgrastim).

    colony-stimulating factors are widely used for bone marrow recovery after chemotherapy. Various cutaneous side-effects have been described in most cases involving neutrophils. We report the first case of lichenoid reaction at injection sites of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in a 40-year-old patient treated for breast cancer. The eruption cleared after drug withdrawal, no recurrence was observed after drug replacement by granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Mainly lymphocyte-mediated lichenoid eruption to G-CSF was shown. Cutaneous side-effects to G-CSF do not share unequivocal pathogeny based on stimulation of neutrophils.
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ranking = 6
keywords = drug
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20/588. Fixed drug eruption in hands caused by omeprazole.

    OBJECTIVE: omeprazole is one of the most widely prescribed gastric antisecretory drugs. It is generally well tolerated and significant adverse reactions occur rarely. The objective of this report is to describe a case of fixed drug eruption that occurred during omeprazole treatment. CASE REPORT: A 37-year-old white female patient admitted with epigastric pain and heartburn symptoms. An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed reflux esophagitis and the patient was given 20 mg b.i.d. omeprazole. She developed dark-red coloration on her hands, at the fourth day of treatment, which has been defined as fixed drug eruption. These lesions were attributed to treatment and recurred soon after a rechallenge with omeprazole. CONCLUSION: Fixed drug eruption is associated with many drugs but this is the first such report with omeprazole. We suggest being aware of such reactions during omeprazole usage.
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ranking = 9
keywords = drug
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