Cases reported "Duodenal Diseases"

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11/65. Multidetector row computed tomography and volume rendering of an adult duodenal intraluminal "wind sock" diverticulum.

    adult duodenal intraluminal "wind sock" diverticulum (IWD) is a rare entity commonly complicated by pancreatitis and usually diagnosed by barium study or at surgery. We present surgical correlation of a case studied with multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT) and three-dimensional volume rendering (3DVR), which offered some unique insight into this condition and its pathophysiology.
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ranking = 1
keywords = pancreatitis
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12/65. A pancreatic-induced intramural duodenal hematoma: a case report and literature review.

    Spontaneous intramural duodenal hematomas are not frequent and generally are related with an anticoagulant treatment. Pancreatic origin has seldom been described and the treatment is always controversial. We report a new case of a pancreatitis-induced intramural duodenal hematoma that was conservatively managed and we review the literature.
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ranking = 1
keywords = pancreatitis
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13/65. Massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding in a patient with a duodenal diverticulum: a case report and review of the literature.

    Diverticula of the duodenum occur in approximately 2% to 5% of individuals who have had upper gastrointestinal (GI) series; the majority of these patients are asymptomatic. These diverticula occasionally result in the obstruction of the biliary and pancreatic ducts, which leads to jaundice and pancreatitis. Other complications such as hemorrhage, perforation, sepsis, and death can occur. This article reports a case of upper GI bleeding in a patient who was found to have duodenal diverticula by upper GI series and endoscopy. Diverticulectomy was performed, and microscopic examination of the specimen showed dilated blood vessel suggestive of angiodysplasia.
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ranking = 1
keywords = pancreatitis
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14/65. Juxta-ampullary intraluminal diverticulum and acute pancreatitis.

    CONTEXT: Acute pancreatitis is usually due to well-known causes, such as biliary lithiasis and alcohol consumption. Anatomic abnormalities may represent a less frequent but important etiological factor. CASE REPORT: The case of a 27 year old women complaining of acute pancreatitis associated with a large duodenal juxta-papillary diverticulum is presented. CONCLUSIONS: Anatomic causes of pancreatitis must be considered in the diagnosis of the etiology of acute pancreatitis.
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ranking = 8
keywords = pancreatitis
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15/65. Heterotopic pancreatitis with obstruction of the major duodenal papill--a rare trigger of obstructive orthotopic pancreatitis.

    BACKGROUND: Heterotopic pancreas appears in 0.5 to 13% of autopsies. The most frequent locations are stomach, duodenum or upper jejunum. pancreatitis in heterotopic pancreas is rarely described, and clinical symptoms caused by this heterotopic inflammation are uncommon. METHOD: We report a case of heterotopic pancreatitis localized in the major duodenal papilla causing biliary obstruction and mimicking a pancreatic head tumor. Clinically and radiologically, malignancy was suspected. Preoperative biopsies showed only fibrosis. A pylorus preserving resection of the pancreatic head was performed followed by an uneventful postoperative course. RESULT: Macroscopically, in the periampullary region on the pancreatic side a thickened duodenal wall with multiple lobules and cysts was found, compressing the common bile duct. Microscopic examination showed heterotopic pancreas with inflammatory lesions surrounding the ampulla. In the orthotopic pancreas a diffuse chronic pancreatitis with marked inflammation, fibrosis and atrophy of exocrine tissue was found. CONCLUSION: In our case it was impossible to differentiate between chronic pancreatitis and pancreas carcinoma preoperatively. Radiological findings and endoscopic biopsies were not sufficient to distinguish heterotopic pancreatitis from other tumors of the pancreatic head. Clear diagnosis could only be made by complete histological examinations after pancreatic head resection, being the treatment of choice for pancreatic head tumors of unclear dignity. The differential diagnosis of heterotopic pancreatitis as trigger of unclear enlargement of the pancreatic head is very seldom.
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ranking = 13
keywords = pancreatitis
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16/65. EUS mini probes in diagnosis of cystic dystrophy of duodenal wall in heterotopic pancreas: a case report.

    Cystic dystrophy of the duodenal wall is a rare condition characterized by the development of cysts in heterotopic pancreatic tissue localized in the duodenal wall. A 38-year-old man was admitted to the hospital for abdominal pain and vomiting after food intake. The diagnosis of acute pancreatitis was initially suspected. Abdominal ultrasound examination revealed thickening of the second portion of duodenal wall within which, small cysts (diameter, less than 1 cm) were present in the vicinity of pancreatic head. The head of pancreas appeared enlarged (63 mm x 42 mm) and hypoechoic. Upper endoscopy and barium X-ray series were performed revealing a severe circumferential deformation, as well as 4 cm long stenosis of the second portion of the duodenum. CT examination revealed multiple cysts located in an enlarged, thickened duodenal wall with moderate to strong post-contrast enhancement. We suspected that patient had cystic dystrophy of duodenal wall developed in the heterotopic pancreas and diagnosis was confirmed by endoscopic ultrasound (EUS). Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) revealed circular stenosis from the duodenal bulb onwards. A twenty megaHertz mini-probe examination further showed diffuse (intramural) infiltration of duodenal wall limited to the submucosa and muscularis propria of the second portion of duodenum with multiple microcysts within the thickened mucosa and submucosa. Patient was successfully surgically treated and pancreatoduodenectomy was performed. The pathological examination confirmed a diagnosis of cystic dystrophy of a heterotopic pancreas. Endoscopic ultrasonography features allow preoperative diagnosis of cystic dystrophy of a heterotopic pancreas in duodenal wall, with intraluminal 20 MHz mini probe sonography being more efficient in cases of luminal stenosis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = pancreatitis
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17/65. Duodenal duplicated cyst manifested by acute pancreatitis and obstructive jaundice in an elderly man.

    A duodenal duplication cyst is an uncommon congenital anomaly that is usually encountered during infancy or in early childhood. Duodenal duplication cysts generally appear on the first or second portion of the duodenum and may cause duodenal obstruction, hemorrhage or pancreatitis. Here, we report a case of a duodenal duplication cyst on the second and third portion of the duodenum in an old aged man with obstructive jaundice and acute pancreatitis, which was treated successfully by a surgical excision.
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ranking = 6
keywords = pancreatitis
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18/65. Postbiopsy intramural hematoma of the duodenum in an adult with Noonan's syndrome.

    Intramural duodenal hematoma is a rare complication of endoscopic biopsy. It is usually seen in children with growth failure and in patients with bleeding disorders or who are anticoagulated. It is frequently associated with acute pancreatitis. We present a case of an adult patient with Noonan's syndrome who developed postbiopsy intraduodenal hematoma. Abdominal ultrasound and computed tomography scan established the diagnosis. Conservative treatment was successful. According to a brief review of the literature, patients with Noonan's syndrome may develop hematoma after sampling of the duodenum because they present all the main predisposing factors. Additionally, pulmonic valve stenosis may be another predisposing factor, but this may warrant further investigation.
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ranking = 1
keywords = pancreatitis
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19/65. Recurrent acute pancreatitis and intraluminal duodenal diverticulum.

    An intraluminal duodenal diverticulum (IDD) and a partial pancreas divisum were diagnosed in a 22-year-old man who exhibited recurrent attacks of acute pancreatitis. Resection of the diverticulum resulted in a complete disappearance of symptoms. The possible etiological relationship between IDD and recurrent acute pancreatitis is discussed.
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ranking = 6
keywords = pancreatitis
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20/65. Duodenal duplication cyst communicating with an aberrant pancreatic duct.

    Duodenal duplication cyst (DDC) is an uncommon congenital anomaly and is the rarest site for intraabdominal duplications. We report a case of DDC communicating with an aberrant pancreatic duct in a 2-year-old girl, with features of possible occult relapsing pancreatitis. The duplication cyst was successfully enucleated with excision of the aberrant pancreatic duct. The literature is reviewed, and the diagnostic modalities and management options are discussed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = pancreatitis
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