Cases reported "Duodenal Obstruction"

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1/362. A simple diagnostic sign in the superior mesenteric artery syndrome in a burned patient.

    In the superior mesenteric artery syndrome which may complicate extensive burns, a systolic murmur may be heard in the epigastrium when the patient is supine but not when he is prone. This sign combined with straight abdominal x-rays will clinch the diagnosis and thereby avoid an unnecessary barium meal or laparotomy. ( info)

2/362. Intraluminal duodenal diverticulum in a child: incidental onset possibly associated with the ingestion of a foreign body.

    Funnel-type intraluminal duodenal diverticulum (windsock web) is a rare congenital malformation. A 4-year-old boy with vomiting and abdominal pain for several weeks was referred to the hospital. A plain abdominal X-ray on admission disclosed a double bubble sign. Abdominal echography and CT disclosed a foreign body lodged in the alimentary tract. After the foreign body was removed with a fibrescope, endoscopy showed a stenotic descending portion where the foreign body was located. An upper gastro-intestinal contrast study demonstrated a post-bulbar duodenal stenosis with a barium-filled pear-shaped sac in the descending portion of the duodenum. Surgical exploration was done under the diagnosis of windsock web of the duodenum. A simple excision of the web at its base was carried out. A hole 7 mm in diameter was found at the edge of the web. The microscopic appearance of the resected specimen was characterized by the duodenal mucosa with an extensive chronic inflammation lining both sides of the diverticulum and the lack of muscular layer of mucosa. CONCLUSION: If an ingested material is not excreted in the stool, possible clogging in the intestinal tract should always be considered and a further intensive examination is warranted. ( info)

3/362. superior mesenteric artery syndrome simulating acute pancreatitis: a case report.

    A case of infrapapillary duodenal obstruction secondary to the superior mesenteric artery syndrome is reported. The clinical picture and laboratory data simulated acute pancreatitis but no evidence of pancreatic disease was noted at surgical exploration. A review of the causative factors and treatment of the superior mesenteric artery syndrome is presented along with the differential diagnosis of infrapapillary duodenal obstruction. ( info)

4/362. An unusual clinical presentation of pancreatic carcinoma: duodenal obstruction in the absence of jaundice.

    A case of pancreatic carcinoma, presenting with the uncommon initial manifestation of vomiting secondary to duodenal obstruction without jaundice, is reported. A review of 72 consecutive biopsy-proven cases of pancreatic carcinoma admitted to our institution in the past five years revealed an 8.3% incidence of this unusual primary complaint. Although infrequently reported previously, pancreatic carcinoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of gastric outlet obstruction in the absence of jaundice. The classic triad of progressive jaundice, weight loss and abdominal pain suggests carcinoma of the head of the pancreas. Emesis, secondary to high grade duodenal obstruction in the absence of jaundice, is an infrequent clinical presentation. The case described is illustrative of widespread pancreatic carcinoma that remained silent until obstruction developed. ( info)

5/362. Superior mesenteric artery (Wilkie's) syndrome: report of three cases and review of the literature.

    Of the three cases of superior mesenteric artery (Wilkie's) syndrome presented, one was associated with anorexia nervosa; this association has not been reported before. Two patients were treated surgically with a duodenojejunostomy, and one was treated medically. Vascular compression of the duodenum is a controversial subject. The syndrome probably is more common than generally recognized and is underdiagnosed due to its exclusion from the differential diagnosis of small-bowel obstruction. Its recognition is important because early diagnosis of a partial obstruction may allow for medical rather than surgical intervention, as exemplified by our third case. ( info)

6/362. Intestinal blind pouch- and blind loop- syndrome in children operated previously for congenital duodenal obstruction.

    A follow-up study of 27 children operated for congenital duodenal obstruction (CDO) in the years 1953--71 is presented. Nine children belonged to the intrinsic and 18 children to the extrinsic group of CDO. A total of 7 retrocolic, isoperistaltic, side-to-side duodeno-jejunostomy, 7 Ladd's operation, 8 duodenolysis, 2 reduction of midgut volvulus, 2 duodenostomy a.m. Morton and one gastro-jejunostomy were performed at the age of 1 day--15 years. The clinical and radiological examinations were performed 3--21 years (mean 10 years 2 months) after these operations. In 3 cases there was a moderate duodenal dilatation, but reoperation was not necessary. During the follow-up period, one boy, now aged 8 years, developed a blind pouch-syndrome in the I portion of the duodenum containing a 5 x 5 cm phytobezoar 4 1/2 years after duodeno-jejunostomy. The frequency of blind pouch-syndrome after duodeno-jejunostomy was thus 1:7 or 14%. One girl, now aged 9 years, developed a blind loop-syndrome in the ileocaecal segment 3 months after side-to-side ileotransversostomy, which was performed from adhesion-obstruction after duodenolysis for malrotation I and CDO. Both the blind pouch- and the blind loop-deformation were resected and the children recovered well. To avoid blind-pouch- and blind loop-deformations in the intestines, the anastomosis must be made wide enough, and especially in the surgery of the jejuno-ileo-colic region an end-to-end anastomosis is preferable. ( info)

7/362. duodenal obstruction by gallstone: case report of Bouveret's syndrome.

    Bouveret's syndrome involves gastric outlet obstruction by gallstone. Herein we describe an unusual case of duodenal bulb obstruction by gallstone. An 80-year-old woman was hospitalized with a fifteen-day history of vomiting. Computed tomography (CT) showed pneumobilia and a round calcified mass in the second portion of the duodenum. upper gastrointestinal tract series demonstrated the same sized oval radiolucency between the bulbus and the second portion of the duodenum. Endoscopic examination revealed a round black mass in the second portion of the duodenum, totally occupying the lumen. Endoscopic removal and destruction of the gallstone was attempted using a dye-laser, but the stone was too hard to crush. Eventually surgical enterolithotomy was successfully performed without cholecystectomy or closure of the fistula. Improved preoperative systemic management and prompt examination allowed earlier surgical intervention and reduced the morbidity. Surgical approach whether fistula closure should be performed remains controversial. ( info)

8/362. The duodenal dimple: a specific fluoroscopic correlate to the duodenal web.

    PURPOSE: We describe a new fluoroscopic sign to aid in the diagnosis of an obstructing duodenal web and its attachment site. MATERIALS AND methods: During an upper GI series of a neonate, a nasogastric tube was passed into an obstructed duodenum and barium injected. The tube, pressing on an obstructing web, caused dimpling of the duodenal contour at the attachment point of the web to the duodenal wall. The same maneuver at surgery caused identical dimpling. DISCUSSION: While the maneuver is described in surgical textbooks, there has been no radiologic correlate. The "duodenal dimple" is a new fluoroscopic sign of a duodenal web and its attachment point to the duodenal wall. ( info)

9/362. Placement of Palmaz stents in malignant duodenal stenosis through a cutaneous fistula.

    This is the first report of palliative percutaneous treatment of a malignant duodenal stenosis due to cancer of the pancreatic head with Palmaz stents. A 65-year-old male with a malignant tumour of the pancreatic head developed an abscess with fistular communication to the cutis. In the subsequent course of the disease, tumour growth led to a severe duodenal stenosis. To dilate the tumorous stenosis, three Palmaz stents were introduced coaxially into the duodenum percutaneously, via the preexisting fistula. A technique to pass an almost 90 degrees kink is described. Symptomatic malignant duodenal stenosis was treated by insertion of three Palmaz stents. Due to their accurately controlled passive expansion at the level of the stenosis, and the resulting good adaptation to the individual anatomical situation, they were suitable for application in the duodenum. ( info)

10/362. Duodenojejunal atresia with apple peel configuration of the ileum and absent superior mesenteric artery: observations on pathogenesis.

    A child with loss of the third and fourth part of the duodenum and of the proximal jejunum was found to have an apple peel configuration of the remaining small bowel. The complete absence of branches from the superior mesenteric artery impaired the blood supply of the distal duodenum. An annular pancreas was found in this patient with Down's syndrome. This anomaly may have impaired the flow through the pancreaticoduodenal arcade, which would normally compensate for the distal vascular occlusion. According to current understanding, duodenal atresia is a primary malformation. The current case suggests, however, that in rare circumstances vascular accidents may be the underlying cause for duodenal atresia. ( info)
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