Cases reported "Dysentery, Amebic"

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11/74. antiphospholipid syndrome associated with intestinal amoebiasis.

    We present a case of intestinal amoebiasis with subsequent development of antiphospholipid syndrome, manifested by deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary emboli. Anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) of IgM type at medium titer and aCL IgG antibody at low titer were determined during the days after the onset of infection. To our knowledge this is the first case of antiphospholipid syndrome associated with amoebiasis to be presented in the literature. ( info)

12/74. Necrotizing amebic colitis in a child.

    Necrotizing amebic colitis (NAC) is a rare complication of intestinal amebiasis, and only a few cases have been reported in the literature. The outcome of NAC is dismal, particularly in children. We encountered a 3-year-old child who presented with bloody diarrhea, fever, toxemia, and peritonitis. At laparotomy the whole colon was found to be necrotic with several perforations. Histopathology of the resected colon showed features of NAC. This is a rare case of survival of a child with NAC involving the whole colon. ( info)

13/74. Ultrasonographic findings of amebic colitis.

    We present here a case of a 64-year-old man with amebic colitis who was examined by ultrasonography. Gray-scale ultrasonography revealed marked thickening of the bowel wall, specifically thickening of the submucosal layer. color Doppler ultrasonography showed hypervascularity of the submucosal and proper muscle layers. With effective treatment, thickening and hypervascularity of the bowel wall disappeared promptly. This is the first report demonstrating ultrasonographic findings of amebic colitis. We conclude that information provided by ultrasonography is useful not only for detecting the bowel abnormality of amebic colitis but also for evaluating the therapeutic effect on amebic colitis. ( info)

14/74. Fulminant amoebic colitis with perforation successfully treated by staged surgery: a case report.

    Radical surgery for fulminant amoebic colitis leads to extremely high mortality; however, resective surgery is mandatory if a patient develops massive fecal peritonitis. We herein report an extremely rare case of fulminant amoebic colitis with multiple perforations, which was successfully treated by staged surgical procedures. A 48-year-old man who had been treated with predonisolone under a diagnosis of ulcerative colitis was admitted. biopsy specimens from the colonic mucosa revealed entamoeba histolytica. On the day of diagnosis, he developed severe abdominal pain and underwent emergency laparoptomy, showing total colonic gangrene with multiple perforations associated with massive fecal peritonitis. Subtotal colectomy, mucous fistula of the rectosigmoid, and ileostomy were performed. He recovered well although disseminated intravascular coagulopathy developed postoperatively. As the middle and upper part of rectum was found to be severely stenotic 4 months after surgery, we performed proctectomy, ileal pouch anal canal anastomosis, and diverting ileostomy, which was reversed 6 months later. The patient has been well with satisfactory anal function 37 months after the initial surgery. This case suggests that (1). early and accurate diagnosis of amoebiasis is important to avoid surgical intervention, and (2). staged surgery including total colectomy should be considered as one of the treatment choices even in patients with total necrotizing amoebic colitis. ( info)

15/74. Syndromes in amoebic liver abscess.

    A series of 137 patients with amoebic liver abscess has been studied. Recognition of clearly defined but diverse clinical syndromes was found to be necessary not only in diagnosis but also in planned surgical management. The majority of patients had the classic syndrome of fever, right abdominal or chest pain, hepatomegaly, hepatic tenderness and radiological abnormalities. Other syndromes of presentation included the silent abscess, acute amoebic colitis, the acute abdomen, the intraabdominal lump, the external sinus, pyrexia of obscure origin, obstructive jaundice and renal, pleuro-pulmonary and cardiac symptoms. The syndromes due to an abscess in different parts of the right lobe and in the left lobe of the liver are to some extent distinct. In spite of the varied modes of presentation of amoebic liver abscess, the key to diagnosis is an understanding of the chronological sequence of the disease and its progression from one syndrome to another. Diagnostic methods of value and the mortality are discussed. ( info)

16/74. Multiple colonic stricture formation and amoebiasis. A case report.

    case reports of multiple colonic strictures resulting from amoebiasis are uncommon in the literature. Such a case is presented and the diagnosis and management are discussed. ( info)

17/74. Caecal amoeboma simulating malignant neoplasia, ileocaecal tuberculosis and Crohn's disease.

    We report two cases of amoeboma of caecum. The patients were initially diagnosed with acute appendicitis but a large cecal mass was found on surgery, giving the gross impression of tumor, Ileocaecal tuberculosis or Crohn's disease necessitating right hemicolectomy. On histopathological examination, the mass was found to be 'Amoeboma'. Mode of presentation, clinical examination and operative findings are presented along with the review of literature. ( info)

18/74. Colonic perforation due to necrotizing amoebic colitis.

    A seriously ill woman with the history of fever for 14 days and severe pain in abdomen with frequent passage of blood and mucous mixed loose stool for 11 days was admitted in the Surgery Unit-3 of Mymensingh Medical Collage Hospital. On examination the patient was toxic, moderately anaemic and dehydrated and there was diffuse abdominal tenderness with a palpable tender cystic intra abdominal lump in right lower abdomen. Fluidthril was present with absent bowel sound. digital rectal examination revealed bulged anterior rectal wall. X-ray abdomen revealed multiple gas and fluid leveled loops of intestine with increased haziness of the film. On emergency laparotomy it revealed huge amount of faecal matter with fluid in peritoneal cavity. The greater omentum was adherent to caecum with multiple friable necrotic areas in the caecum, transverse and splenic flexure of the colon with multiple small perforations, Subtotal colectomy and end to end anastomosis was done. Histopathological examination of the resected gut revealed features compatible with amoebic ulcer perforations. On 13th post operative day the patient was discharged without any post operative complication and in the 1st follow up after one month the patient was found without any complication. ( info)

19/74. Supra infection of amoebic liver abscess consequent to acute appendicitis. Clinical case.

    Amoebic liver abscess is the most common extra-intestinal manifestation of amebiasis with approximately 10% of the world's population infected by this parasite. Actually, incidence of this infection is also increasing in industrialized countries, as a consequence of the more frequent immigration or travelling. Only 3-10% of patients with intestinal amebiasis develop liver abscess. A clinical case of suprainfection of amoebic liver abscess consequent on acute appendicitis is presented. ( info)

20/74. Endoscopic view of rectal amebiasis mimicking a carcinoma.

    We report the case of a 45-year-old man with rectal amebiasis, presenting with rectal bleeding and chronic diarrhea, confirmed on rectal biopsy. The endoscopic view was highly suggestive of a carcinoma and caused confusion about its etiology. The striking difference in the endoscopic view before and after medical therapy of the tumor-like lesion was remarkable. This case illustrates the importance of an accurate histologic diagnosis before definitive treatment and highlights the mimicry of rectal carcinoma by rectal amebiasis on endoscopy. ( info)
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