Cases reported "Ear Diseases"

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11/468. A case of relapsing polychondritis involving the tragal and the conchal bowl areas with sparing of the helix and the antihelix.

    We describe a 65-year-old white man with a 21-year history of recurrent, afebrile episodes of painful, tragal, conchal bowl and eyelid swelling accompanied by occasional conjunctivitis. The remainder of the auricle was not involved. Episodes were both self-remitting and responsive to intramuscular steroid injections. Cutaneous and cartilaginous tissues were examined histologically following a therapeutic debulking procedure. The histologic features included dermal edema, vascular dilatation, and small vessel inflammation with a dense polymorphous inflammatory infiltrate rich in eosinophils. Perichondrial inflammation and cartilage degeneration with fibrosis were characteristically observed. Bacterial cultures demonstrated normal flora. This case fulfills the revised diagnostic criteria of relapsing polychondritis. It demonstrates an unusual presentation within the disease spectrum of relapsing polychondritis with tragal and conchal bowl involvement and sparing of the helix and the antihelix. ( info)

12/468. Successful treatment of Kimura's disease with cyclosporine.

    We report the case of a 29-year-old Japanese woman presenting with recurring Kimura's disease. We began treatment with cyclosporine within 7 days, the nodular lesion had almost cleared. The cyclosporine dose was then gradually reduced and discontinued after 6 months. The patient was reassessed 18 months after the cessation of treatment and there was no evidence of recurrence of the disease. We speculate that the effects of cyclosporine on T helper-2 cells improves Kimura's disease. ( info)

13/468. Inner ear malformations: Mondini's dysplasia.

    Advances in imaging techniques are enabling the detection of increasing numbers of inner ear malformations. Mondini's dysplasia, whether alone or in association with other malformations, is one of those most frequently encountered. We report 4 cases of Mondini's dysplasia treated by us, discussing recent embryological and genetic findings. ( info)

14/468. Carabid beetle invasion of the ear in oman.

    Two cases of human ear invasion by a predaceous beetle, Crasydactylus punctatus Guerin (Coleoptera; Carabidae), are reported from the Sultanate of oman. The first case was that of a 35-year old woman who suffered a severe otologic injury caused by the biting and chewing of the external auditory canal and the tympanic membrane. The beetle then entered the middle ear and caused sensorineural hearing loss. The second case involved a 22-year-old male from whose ear a specimen of the same species was successfully removed after it was immobilized with 10% lidocaine spray. These cases are presented with discussion. ( info)

15/468. Kimura's disease with bilateral auricular masses.

    We report an unusual case of Kimura's disease. An 81-year-old Japanese woman was shown to have bilateral auricular masses that had begun to enlarge 6 years before. On CT scans, slightly high-density masses with faint contrast enhancement were seen. The masses were heterogeneous and hypointense on T1-weighted MR images, were slightly hyperintense on T2-weighted MR images, and showed heterogeneous enhancement after the administration of contrast material. Kimura's disease should be included in the differential diagnosis of bilateral auricular tumors. ( info)

16/468. An unusual case of pneumocystis carinii presenting as an aural mass.

    Extrapulmonary involvement of organs with the protozoan pneumocystis carinii is rare. We describe a case of pneumocystis carinii presenting as an erosive aural mass in a young male patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. As far as the authors are aware such an example has never been described in a British journal and is the first case worldwide where otic pneumocystosis has extended into the middle cranial fossa. We also present a review of the literature on otological manifestations of pneumocystis carinii. ( info)

17/468. Cervical necrotizing fasciitis.

    Necrotizing fasciitis is a severe soft tissue infection that results in necrosis of the fasciae and subcutaneous tissues; the infection can quickly prove fatal. Although involvement of the head and neck is rare, causes are usually odontogenic or pharyngeal but can also be insect bites, local trauma, burns or surgery. We present a clinical case of a 31-year-old Italian woman with cervical necrotizing fasciitis having an uncommon presentation. While under treatment, the patient's husband was admitted for necrotizing fasciitis of the medial fasciae of his left leg subsequent to an insect sting. The causes, diagnosis and treatment of necrotizing fasciitis are reviewed. ( info)

18/468. Gustatory sweating of the external auditory canal.

    Gustatory sweating of the external auditory canal is extremely rare. A clinical case, that is only the second in the English literature, is presented. The potential pathogenesis and its treatment options are discussed. ( info)

19/468. A case of giant keratoacanthoma of the auricle.

    Although keratoacanthomas are not rare in the head and neck area, patients with this type of tumor rarely consult an otolaryngologists for treatment. keratoacanthoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma. This tumor grows rapidly, usually attaining a size of about 10-20 mm in approximately 6 weeks. This is followed by slow involution over a period of 2-6 months. A keratoacanthoma larger than 20-30 mm is called as 'giant keratoacanthoma' and it is scarce. We encountered a case of giant keratoacanthoma (50 mm in diameter) on the right auricle of 84-year-old Japanese woman with a 3-year history of gradual tumor growth. Several clinical and histopathological factors made the diagnosis difficult. The tumor was completely removed by surgery and diagnosed as a keratoacanthoma by histopathological examination. ( info)

20/468. Salivary gland choristoma of the middle ear: a case report.

    A choristoma is a nonneoplastic proliferation of histologically normal tissue that forms at an abnormal site. It is extremely uncommon in the middle ear space. It appears to be a developmental abnormality and may be associated with abnormalities of adjacent structures. It usually occurs with unilateral conductive hearing loss and requires a differential diagnosis from other mass lesions in the middle ear cavity. This article discusses a case of salivary gland choristoma of the middle ear that we believe to be the 24th case reported on this subject. ( info)
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