Cases reported "Ear Neoplasms"

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11/40. Nasopharyngeal extension of glomus tympanicum: an unusual clinical and imaging manifestation.

    Nasopharyngeal extension of the glomus tympanicum is rare. Only 2 cases have been reported in the literature to date. We present a reported case of a large nasopharyngeal extension of recurrent glomus tympanicum, with various kinds of imaging and histopathology and a review of the literature.
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12/40. Glomus jugulare tumours. (A series of 21 cases).

    Twenty-one cases of glomus jugulare tumours were analysed in retrospect. Six had been treated surgically, ten by irradiation, and five by a combination of incomplete surgical excision followed by irradiation. Recurrences appeared in four cases, but no patient has died of the tumour during the follow-up period which is from a few months to eleven years. Metastases were not found in any case. The optimal time of irradiation in combined treatment is discussed.
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keywords = glomus
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13/40. Tumor of glomus jugulare report of a case.

    A typical case of glomus jugulare tumor was presented. This 42-year-old man suffering from a left-sided impaired hearing progressive over a five year period was found to have a small hemorrhagic polypoid tumor in the left external auditory canal. After repeated surgical treatments the tumor removed was light and electron microscopically diagnosed as glomus jugulare tumor which corresponded to the 13th case in this country. The implication that this tumor may constitute a distinctive group of tumor among the neuroendocrine tumors from other sites was discussed from the facts of the presence of a large number of rather small argyrophilic granules of secretory type in the cytoplasm of tumor cells including the present case and of the appearance of increasing cases with functioning glomus jugulare tumor secreting catecholamine in the recent medical literature.
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keywords = glomus
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14/40. Aggressive papillary middle ear tumour.

    A rare middle ear tumour is reported. The clinical presentation was similar to that of a glomus tumour but the pathology that of an aggressive papillary middle ear tumour. This is a recently recognized subgroup of middle ear glandular tumours. Clinical findings, imaging, pathology and treatment are presented.
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keywords = glomus tumour, glomus
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15/40. Glomus jugulare tumors of the middle ear and mastoid: diagnosis and surgical treatment.

    At the 1976 Southern Sectional Meeting of American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc., a color movie presenting two cases on the "diagnosis and treatment of glomus jugulare tumors of the middle ear and mastoid" was shown. The purpose of this paper and film is to describe the author's experience of 16 cases of glomus tumors involving the middle ear and mastoid (seven tympanicum and nine jugulare). A review of the literature and findings pertaining specifically to the two cases shown in the film is presented.
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keywords = glomus
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16/40. Cryosurgical treatment of glomus juglare tumor.

    A 35 year-old Japanese female complained of a right-sided pulsation tinnitis, hearing disturbance, and facial weakness. Extensive radiographic studies including angiograms and retrograde juglar venography provided a diagnosis and localization of a tumor. Radical mastoidectomy was performed and a red grape-like glomus juglare tumor along the facial nerve was extirpated as there was a profuse hemorrhage from the tumor mass. cryosurgery was then performed. Complete surgical removal is possible when the tumor is small, however, when the tumor involves the middle ear and mastoid area, complete extirpation cannot always be done. Radical mastoidectomy plus cryosurgery appears to be the most feasible management in the surgical treatment of glomus juglare tumor.
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17/40. Tympanometry in the evaluation of vascular lesions of the middle ear and tinnitus of vascular origin.

    The occurrence of vascular perturbations in the tympanogram in association with glomus tumors has previously been noted in the literature. We have broadened the scope of this method of diagnosis in the study of 3 glomus tympanicum and 3 glomus jugulare tumors, 1 dehiscent high jugular bulb, 1 aberrant carotid artery in the middle ear and 2 cases of pulsatile tinnitus of vascular origin. Analysis of illustrative tympanograms at standard and at increased sensitivity (x 20) obtained in these cases are presented. The following factors as they relate to the mechanism of recording the vascular perturbations are presented: air pressure and/or presence of fluid in the middle ear; compliance of the tympanic membrane and ossicular chain as affected by the mass, size and degree of vascularity of the mass and presence of extraneous sounds. A new method of recording the vascular perturbations utilizing a time-base generator affixed to an X-Y plotter is described. It is the purpose of this study to demonstrate the utility of obtaining tympanograms at standard and at increased sensitivity in the evaluation of vascular middle ear lesions and tinnitus of vascular origin.
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keywords = glomus
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18/40. Impedance audiometry: its use in the diagnosis of glomus tympanicum tumors.

    Three cases of glomus tympanicum are presented. The audiological findings are discussed with special emphasis on the results of impedance audiometry. The use of impedance audiometry in the diagnosis and follow-up of glomus tympanicum tumors is suggested.
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keywords = glomus
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19/40. Persistent stapedial artery supplying a glomus tympanicum tumor.

    Vascular anomalies of the middle ear are extremely rare. The most common anomaly is a persistent stapedial artery. This artery is important clinically because of the risk of profuse bleeding during middle ear surgery. We describe a 26-year-old woman with a glomus tympanicum tumor. The blood supply to the tumor was from a persistent stapedial artery. A preoperative angiogram supported this finding by demonstrating a small vessel originating from the anterior branch of the middle meningeal artery as the major vascular supply to the tumor. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of a glomus tympanicum tumor vascularized by a persistent stapedial artery that was suggested by angiography and confirmed intraoperatively. To better understand this anomaly, we review the embryological development of the stapedial artery and discuss its clinical significance.
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20/40. Pediatric glomus tumors.

    Glomus tumors of the middle ear are unusual in adults, but exceedingly rare in children. While a dull, red bulging tympanic membrane in the adult may suggest a glomus tumor, it generally signifies infection in the child. This report details our management of a 10-year-old girl afflicted with bilateral chronic middle ear cleft infection that obscured bilateral glomus tumors. review of the current English language literature reveals seven additional case reports of otologic glomus tumors in children less than fourteen years of age. Two additional cases are presented that were given to the senior author by personal communication, producing a total of 10 cases for review. Glomus tumors in children may be hidden by otitis media and appear more likely to be endocrine active. Failure to cure the lesion is apparent in five of six case reports of children with glomus jugulare tumors; three of these children are reported to have expired. Complete surgical extirpation is advocated for childhood glomus tumors.
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keywords = glomus
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