Cases reported "Ectodermal Dysplasia"

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1/80. A Rapp-Hodgkin like syndrome in three sibs: clinical, dental and dermatoglyphic study.

    Rapp-Hodgkin ectodermal dysplasia is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by distinctive craniofacies, cleft lip or palate, oligodontia or anodontia, hypoplasia of the nails, and a decrease in or absence of the sweat glands and hair follicles. We have identified a family in which three children display clinical features similar to Rapp-Hodgkin syndrome. The father and two other sisters of the patient had normal facial features, but had short stature and had dental anomalies, the latter suggestive of ectodermal dysplasia. The overall clinical, dental, and dermatoglyphic findings of these patients are discussed in relation to reports of families with Rapp-Hodgkin syndrome.
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ranking = 1
keywords = anodontia
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2/80. ectodermal dysplasia with hypodontia in a set of Nigerian twins--a case report.

    A set of Nigerian male twins with features of ectodermal dysplasia born to apparently normal parents are presented. The main findings in both children were hypodontia, abnormally shaped teeth and hypotrichosis. The general treatment modalities of the condition, especially in a tropical environment, are discussed.
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ranking = 0.52195046294582
keywords = hypodontia
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3/80. Hereditary hypodontia and onychorrhexis of the fingernails and toenail koilonychia: Witkop's tooth-and nail syndrome.

    The tooth-and-nail syndrome (Witkop's syndrome) is a rare autosomal dominant ectodermal dysplasia manifest by defects of the nail plates of the fingers and toes and hypodontia with normal hair and sweat gland function. We report a thirteen year-old girl who presented with marked longitudinal ridging of the nail plates of all ten fingers. The toenails were mildly ridged with koilonychia. Her mother's fingers were similarly affected to a lesser degree while her toenails appeared normal. Examination of the child's dentition revealed a hyperplastic frenulum and the absence of one of the usual four mandibular incisors. history provided by the mother described the maternal grandmother and maternal great aunt as having identical nail findings and the presence of only three lower incisors. hair examination was normal in the mother and child, and no history or findings of sweat gland dysfunction was present. This report describes familial hypodontia, fingernail onychorrhexis, and toenail koilonychia consistent with Witkop's syndrome.
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ranking = 0.62634055553498
keywords = hypodontia
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4/80. anodontia with hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia in a young female: a case report.

    A five-year-old Japanese girl was referred to our clinic for non-eruption of the teeth. Panoramic radiographs revealed absence of all teeth of both primary and permanent dentitions. She showed hypotricosis, hypohidrosis, and anodontia. In this article, the reported cases of anodontia were reviewed and the fabricating procedure of full dentures for a young child was described.
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ranking = 2
keywords = anodontia
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5/80. Witkop tooth and nail syndrome: report of two cases in a family.

    tooth and nail syndrome, an autosomal dominant condition, is characterized by hypodontia and nail dysplasia. Mandibular incisors, second molars and maxillary canines are the most frequently missing teeth. tooth shape may vary and conical and narrow crowns are common. Nail dysplasia affects fingernails and toenails and is often more severe in childhood. nails may be spoon-shaped, ridged, slow growing and easily broken. The clinical and radiographic features of a father and son presenting with this rare condition are described.
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ranking = 0.10439009258916
keywords = hypodontia
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6/80. Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia--a case report.

    A case presented here is that of a nine year old male patient with total anodontia. Findings of this case as regards to the orofacial, radiographic and other general manifestations were suggestive of hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia. The dental problems were best managed by prosthetic replacement of dentition taking into consideration a design which would provide adequate relief for the preservation of the ridges which were thin and underdeveloped to the absence of teeth.
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ranking = 1
keywords = anodontia
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7/80. Cranioectodermal dysplasia: a new patient with an inapparent, subtle phenotype.

    Cranioectodermal dysplasia is a rare syndrome characterized by craniofacial and skeletal anomalies and ectodermal dysplasia. life-threatening associated conditions (i.e., kidney failure and abnormal regulation of the parathyroid-bone axis) can also develop. We report a patient whose features are suggestive of an inapparent, subtle phenotype of the syndrome. The patient is a 4-year-old girl with only dolichocephaly and clinodactyly; microdontia, hypodontia, and taurodontia (i.e., cone-shaped teeth); anteverted nares, full cheeks, and everted lower lip; epicanthal folds, hypertelorism and hyperopia; and corpus callosum hypoplasia. She has no rhizomelic limb shortening or hair abnormalities. In view of the rarity of the cranioectodermal dysplasias, the variability of the phenotype, and the uncertain outcome of some previously described patients, we believe this inapparent, subtle case should reported to enable better understanding and treatment of this rare syndrome.
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ranking = 0.10439009258916
keywords = hypodontia
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8/80. Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia: dental, clinical, genetic and dermatoglyphic findings of three cases.

    patients with hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) are characterized by the clinical manifestations of hypodontia, hypohidrosis, hypotrichosis and a highly characteristic facial physiognomy. This disorder is inherited as an X-linked trait. This report presents three cases with HED in which the clinical evaluation (intraoral and radiological), genetic findings and SEM examination of hair. Boys 6 to 14 year old and a 11 year old girl were referred to the Marmara University, faculty of Dentistry, complaining of oligodontia in the maxillary and mandibular arches and delay in eruption of other teeth. Peg-shaped teeth have been observed. The dermatoglyphs of the patients were striking. SEM examination of hair demonstrated a distinctly abnormal longitudinal grooving along the entire length of each hair and a desquamation of the surface cuticles. The treatment was planned in a multidisciplinary odontological group involving pediatric dentistry, orthodontics, prosthodontics and oral surgery and maxillofacial radiology of future dental habilitation. A specially designed overdenture, a removable prosthesis and osseointegrated implants were constructed. Periodic recall visits were advised, to monitor the dentures and implants during periods of growth and development, and eruption of the permanent teeth.
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ranking = 0.10439009258916
keywords = hypodontia
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9/80. Overlay removable partial dentures for a patient with ectodermal dysplasia: a clinical report.

    The orofacial characteristics of ectodermal dysplasia include anodontia or hypodontia, hypoplastic conical teeth, underdevelopment of the alveolar ridges, frontal bossing, a depressed nasal bridge, protuberant lips, and hypotrichosis. patients with this disease often need complex prosthetic treatment. The options for a definitive treatment plan may include fixed, removable, or implant-supported prostheses, singly or in combination. However, financial constraints and other priorities can prevent patients from choosing the most desirable treatment. This clinical report describes the diagnosis and treatment of ectodermal dysplasia in an 18-year-old man. The treatment included interim removable partial dentures fabricated to establish an acceptable therapeutic occlusal vertical dimension, followed by definitive overlay removable partial dentures and composite restorations.
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ranking = 1.1043900925892
keywords = anodontia, hypodontia
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10/80. Recurrent fever and lack of tooth buds. a case of ectodermal dysplasia in a 9 months old boy.

    We present the case of a 9 months old boy with an X-linked form of anhidrotic (hypohidrotic) ectodermal dysplasia. Several chest x-rays had been performed to rule out pneumonia because of recurrent episodes of high fever. The child's lack of tooth buds (hypodontia), which could be encountered on the margins of the chest x-rays, are suggestive for ectodermal dysplasia.
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ranking = 0.10439009258916
keywords = hypodontia
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