Cases reported "Edema"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/79. mannitol and frusemide in the treatment of diuretic resistant oedema in nephrotic syndrome.

    Three children (two girls aged 7 and 9 years, and one boy aged 4 years) with diuretic resistant oedema in steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome were treated with a combination of intravenous mannitol and frusemide. All three responded with loss of oedema of 10% to 30% of body weight over one week. There were no complications of hypertension or hypovolaemia. mannitol-frusemide combination is a safe, inexpensive, and effective treatment for diuretic resistant oedema. Its use in other conditions and in developing countries (where the availability and purity of 20% albumin is limited) needs to be explored.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = body
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/79. Adverse effects associated with a bioabsorbable guided tissue regeneration device in the treatment of human gingival recession defects. A clinicopathologic case report.

    This clinicopathologic case report documents an adverse effect associated with the use of a polylactic acid-based barrier in the treatment of human gingival recession defects. A total of 27 consecutively treated patients, in whom guided tissue regeneration with a polylactic acid barrier was used to correct gingival recession defects, were evaluated. This adverse effect consisted of a midradicular-apical swelling, generally asymptomatic, with no apparent predilection for gender, age, tooth type or location (maxilla/mandible), or surgical procedure. It was observed in 14 of 27 (52%) patients and 22 of 41 (54%) defects. The swelling decreased in size over time and in most cases, it completely resolved within 12 months postsurgery. Histopathologic evaluation of a 14-week specimen indicated characteristics (multinucleated giant cells, foamy macrophages) consistent with a foreign body reaction. These findings suggest that patients undergoing GTR procedures with synthetic absorbable devices for the treatment of gingival recession defects should be advised of the possible occurrence of such an adverse effect.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = body
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/79. infectious mononucleosis.

    infectious mononucleosis is a unique disease in its hematologic aspects; it is different from the frequently occurring acute microbial diseases in that it affects primarily the reticuloendothelial system; and it is interesting serologically because of the heterophil antibody reaction, as well as the multiplicity of antibodies which may be produced. The diagnosis should be suspected clinically before hematology is reported - by remembering the prototypes. In fact, a patient between 16 and 25 years old complains of sore throat and fever is more likely to have infectious mononucleosis than another disease; and if - in addition - he is jaundiced, a diagnosis of infectious mononucleosis is almost certain. Finally, a negative result of treatment with corticosteroid has the diagnostic significance mentioned above. Positive effect of treatment has no diagnostic significance.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = body
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/79. Excessive concern with physical appearance leading to a diagnosis of adrenal adenoma.

    We report an unusual case of Cushing's syndrome manifested by anxiety over body image in a 26-year-old nurse. Initial presentation was a 'dermatological non-disease'. Clinical signs became increasingly evident during the course of the disease, justifying an adrenal gland evaluation which showed a secreting adrenocortical adenoma. Surgical treatment led to recovery with return to normal appearance and cessation of her aesthetic complaints. Our observation shows that persistent aesthetic complaints may sometimes reveal early hypercorticism.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = body
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/79. Constrictive pericarditis post allogeneic bone marrow transplant for philadelphia-positive acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.

    We describe two cases of severe constrictive pericarditis arising after allogeneic BMT conditioning involving total body irradiation and melphalan to treat philadelphia-chromosome positive ALL. Both patients required pericardectomy, resulting in marked improvement in ventricular filling. However, a degree of right-sided cardiac failure persisted in both patients secondary to restrictive cardiomyopathy. Constrictive pericarditis has not been previously described after BMT, but has been observed following thoracic radiotherapy for malignancy, usually involving a substantially higher radiation dose. Pericardial constriction and restrictive cardiomyopathy should be considered as causes of breathlessness and/or oedema occurring late after BMT. bone marrow transplantation (2000) 25, 571-573.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = body
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/79. Acute glomerulonephritis after human parvovirus B19 infection.

    We evaluated clinical and histological characteristics of four adult patients who presented with acute glomerulonephritic syndrome with serological confirmation of recent HPB19 infection. All patients had generalized edema with urinary abnormalities. body weight gain ranged from 3 to 10 kg. Three of the patients had contact with erythema infectiosum simultaneously with or within 10 days before development of flu-like symptoms. Two patients had an erythematous rash, and one patient had lower-extremity purpura. Joint pain was present in three of the patients. All patients had proteinuria and hematuria. Renal functions were normal except in one patient who had a serum creatinine of 3.2 mg/dL. Three of the patients had hypocomplementemia. All renal biopsy specimens were characterized by glomerular leukocyte infiltration and endothelial cell swelling. Mesangiolysis was seen in three of the patients. C3 was deposited in a coarse granular pattern along the capillary walls in all cases. Electron microscopic examination showed marked expansion of the subendothelial space of glomerular capillaries in all patients. Subendothelial electron-dense deposits were present in all patients. Immunohistochemical analysis using monoclonal anti-HPB19 antibody showed that one of the four patients had positive staining in the glomeruli. dna extracted from renal biopsy specimens contained HPB19 dna, as shown by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis in all patients. PCR amplification of the renal dna generated a 104-bp product, which hybridized to an HPB19-specific probe. No control group subjects contained HPB19 dna as determined by PCR. This circumstantial evidence indicates that HPB19 infection may be one of the causes of acute glomerulonephritis in normal individuals.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = body
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/79. Massive pericardial and pleural effusion with anasarca following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

    A 10-year-old girl presented with massive pericardial/pleural effusion with anasarca 216 days after an allogeneic bone marrow transplantation from her HLA-matched sibling for relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia. She did not show any other symptoms of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). The antinucleolar antibody was elevated in the blood and the pleural fluid. The lymphocytes in the fluid were mostly CD8 /HLA-DR , and a majority of CD8 cells in the blood expressed CD57. These data suggested that she had chronic GVHD. Immunosuppressive therapy including prednisolone, cyclosporin A, high-dose methylprednisolone, tacrolimus (FK506), and methotrexate had no effect, and the patient died of aspergillus pneumonia 183 days after the presentation of the disease. Although it has not been described before, isolated serositis with edema should be recognized as a clinical feature of chronic GVHD.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = body
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/79. Upside-down orbitopathy: unilateral orbital dependent-tissue oedema causing total visual loss.

    The case is reported of a 24-year-old man who was involved in a road traffic accident and became trapped upside down with the right side of his face being the most dependent part of his body. Marked hemifacial tissue oedema was associated with right acute compressive orbitopathy and vascular compromise. Acute dysfunction of al orbital nerves was found on examination. Such neuropathy is usually related to the consequences of direct trauma, fractures or haemorrhage; however, computed tomography scanning demonstrated no evidence of orbital fracture or haemorrhage. Immediate anterior surgical orbital decompression was performed in the emergency room in addition to high dose intravenous steroids. Dependent orbtal tissue oedema is proposed as a mechanism of compressive orbitopathy with consequent ischaemic damage to all orbital nerves, total visual loss and complete ophthalmoparesis. Good recovery of other orbital nerves has occurred and the globe has reperfused. Despite intervention, no visual function has returned.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = body
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/79. Total occlusion of inferior vena cava in a patient with antiphospholipid antibody syndrome associated with behcet's disease.

    Behcet's disease frequently involves the venous system, usually affecting small vessels, but sometimes large vessels such as the vena cava. Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome is associated with an increased incidence of arterial and venous thrombosis. A 29-year-old male with Behcet's disease developed bilateral leg edema secondary to thrombotic occlusion of the inferior vena cava. Laboratory tests revealed positive antiphospholipid antibodies and lupus anticoagulant. Treatment with steroid and warfarin subsequent to intravenous administration of uro-kinase resulted in improvement of symptoms. The association of antiphospholipid antibody syndrome and Behcet's disease may have caused the total thrombotic occlusion of the vena cava in this case.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 6
keywords = body
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/79. sternoclavicular joint swelling after surgery of the head and neck region: a case report and differential diagnostic review.

    BACKGROUND: Very few published reports in the otolaryngologic literature discuss sternoclavicular joint swelling encountered in the postoperative setting. methods: The authors document a case of sternoclavicular joint swelling after medialization laryngoplasty. This report is supplemented with a review of the medical literature related to pertinent conditions affecting the sternoclavicular joint. CONCLUSIONS: In our patient, swelling was thought to be related to joint trauma experienced during surgery secondary to standard shoulder roll extension in a patient with preexisting postmenopausal arthritis. This case stands in contrast to the body of documented cases of postoperative sternoclavicular swelling in which the surgical procedure itself was responsible for such findings.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = body
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Edema'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.