Cases reported "Edema"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/73. Sight-threatening acute orbital swelling from peribulbar local anesthesia.

    Severe allergic reactions to peribulbar local anesthesia are extremely rare. A 70-year-old woman presented with acute orbital swelling and optic nerve dysfunction after a peribulbar local anesthetic injection. The patient was treated with acute orbital decompression as well as intravenous antibiotics and methylprednisolone; she made a good recovery. An allergy, probably to lignocaine, was the most likely cause. Urgent recognition and treatment of this condition may prevent potentially serious visual consequences.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/73. Infiltration block for caesarean section in a morbidly obese parturient.

    We report a case of a morbidly obese parturient (150 kg and 150 cm) for emergency lower segment caesarean section for dead foetus. Her pregnancy had been unsupervised. She presented with severe pre-eclampsia, generalized oedema and acute respiratory failure. Caesarean section was performed under infiltration block using lidocaine 0.5-1.0%. Her status improved postoperatively with aggressive physiotherapy, nursing in a semirecumbent position and oxygen supplementation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 4.081018731819
keywords = block
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/73. Diffuse acute cellulitis with severe neurological sequelae. A clinical case.

    The incidence of head and neck odontogenic infections considerably diminished in the last decades due to appropriate antibiotic therapy. Herein we describe a case of acute diffuse facial cellulitis following tooth extraction in a patient with no apparent risk factor. During the acute process, injury was caused to the hypoglossal, vagal, glossopharyngeal and recurrent nerves of both sides. For this reason the patient currently has a nasogastric line for enteral feedings and a tracheotomy tube, which significantly affects his quality of life.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/73. Ultrasonographically guided injection of corticosteroids for the treatment of retroseptal capillary hemangiomas in infants.

    PURPOSE: Injection of corticosteroids is a well-documented and successful mode of treatment for periorbital capillary hemangiomas. Because of the greater potential risk involved with retrobulbar injections, no prior study has described this treatment for tumors located behind the orbital septum. Although retroseptal intraorbital capillary hemangiomas comprise only 7% of all adnexal capillary hemangiomas, complications such as optic nerve compression or astigmatism may necessitate treatment. methods: Three patients with deep orbital hemangiomas that caused vision-threatening complications were treated with intralesional injections of triamcinolone and betamethasone. Orbital injection was performed with use of real-time ultrasonographic guidance of the needle. This technique was valuable in providing continuous, accurate, and safe advancement of the needletip in the orbit to avoid the globe and orbital walls. ultrasonography also permitted precise placement of the needle tip within the tumor and visualization of the injected material. RESULTS: Significant improvement was demonstrated in all cases on the basis of both ultrasonographic measurements and regression of clinical manifestations such as astigmatism, chemosis, proptosis, and optic nerve pallor. No complications were noted. CONCLUSION: Intralesional injection of corticosteroids to treat retroseptal and retrobulbar capillary hemangiomas was found to be a safe and effective treatment modality in our patients. Positioning of the injecting needle was guided by ultrasonography.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/73. Lid swelling and diplopia as presenting features of orbital sarcoid.

    Sarcoid is an idiopathic multisystem non-caseating granulomatous disease with protean clinical manifestations. In the eye, the common sites of involvement are the skin of eyelid, conjunctiva, uveal tract, retina, optic nerve and lacrimal gland.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/73. Cystic hygroma colli as the first echographic sign of the fetal akinesia sequence.

    We report first trimester cystic hygroma colli with subsequent resolution and development of a fetal akinesia deformation sequence. Neuropathological examination of the brain showed intra- and extracellular white matter edema while spinal cord, peripheral nerves and muscles were normal. Hygroma colli as the first echographic sign of subsequent severe fetal akinesia sequence without muscular dystrophy as seen in the Lethal Multiple pterygium syndrome has not been previously reported.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/73. Upside-down orbitopathy: unilateral orbital dependent-tissue oedema causing total visual loss.

    The case is reported of a 24-year-old man who was involved in a road traffic accident and became trapped upside down with the right side of his face being the most dependent part of his body. Marked hemifacial tissue oedema was associated with right acute compressive orbitopathy and vascular compromise. Acute dysfunction of al orbital nerves was found on examination. Such neuropathy is usually related to the consequences of direct trauma, fractures or haemorrhage; however, computed tomography scanning demonstrated no evidence of orbital fracture or haemorrhage. Immediate anterior surgical orbital decompression was performed in the emergency room in addition to high dose intravenous steroids. Dependent orbtal tissue oedema is proposed as a mechanism of compressive orbitopathy with consequent ischaemic damage to all orbital nerves, total visual loss and complete ophthalmoparesis. Good recovery of other orbital nerves has occurred and the globe has reperfused. Despite intervention, no visual function has returned.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/73. False-positive magnetic resonance image in the diagnosis of small acoustic neuroma.

    A patient presented with sudden hearing loss on her first visit to our department. gadolinium-DTPA-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the posterior cranial fossa portrayed an intracanalicular tumour image (2-3 mm), and the pure tone average (PTA) and speech discrimination score (SDS) values were 65 dB and 60 per cent, respectively. Surgical intervention to remove the suspected tumour was scheduled by the translabyrinthine approach. Intracanalicular observations by the retrolabyrinthine approach revealed limited oedema on the inferior vestibular nerve with vascular dilation. The tumour image disappeared two years after the operation. Surgical findings and the post-operative course advocate that gadolinium-DTPA-enriched MRI image of an intracanalicular lesion such as arachnoiditis might produce a false-positive result.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/73. Postoperative edema after vascular access causing nerve compression secondary to the presence of a perineuronal lipoma: case report.

    OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: median nerve neuropathy can be clinically devastating to a patient. It can be caused by compression of the median nerve anywhere along its course. We present the case of delayed median nerve neuropathy after the placement of a vascular graft in the arm. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: An arm shunt was placed in the nondominant upper extremity in a 60-year-old man with end-stage renal disease. Twelve hours postoperatively, the patient developed neurapraxia in the median nerve distribution in the hand. INTERVENTION: Exploration of the arm revealed a lipoma coursing along and deep to the median nerve. Resection of the lipoma decompressed the nerve. CONCLUSION: In this patient, median nerve neuropathy was caused by a lipoma and postoperative swelling from placement of the vascular graft. The swelling that occurred after the shunt placement unmasked subclinical compression of the nerve by a lipoma deep to the median nerve. To our knowledge, this report is unique in documenting damage to the median nerve after vascular graft placement as a result of an occult mass.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 14
keywords = nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/73. Swelling of the leg, deep venous thrombosis and the piriformis syndrome.

    BACKGROUND: The piriformis syndrome, which was first described 60 years ago, is a well recognized cause of sciatica, leg pain and low back pain, due to the entrapment of the sciatic nerve in the piriformis and other rotator muscles. Very few complications relating to this syndrome have been described. AIMS: To discuss how the piriformis syndrome may cause venous engorgement in the lower limb, and how the piriformis syndrome should be included as a possible cause of acute deep venous thrombosis in a not initially swollen leg. Both complications can occur independently. methods: Two cases of swelling of the leg and acute deep venous thrombosis independently associated with the piriformis syndrome are presented. CONCLUSIONS: Swelling of the leg and deep venous thrombosis are possible complications of the piriformis syndrome that occur due to entrapment of nerves and vessels within the leg, secondary to a severe spasm and hypertrophy of the piriformis and other rotator muscles.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = nerve
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Edema'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.