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1/31. Prenatal sonographic diagnosis of ellis-van creveld syndrome.

    ellis-van creveld syndrome (chondroectodermal dysplasia) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a narrow thorax with short ribs, short extremities with polydactyly, and heart defects. A woman underwent sonographic examination at 27 weeks' menstrual age to rule out anomalies because of premature labor. Sonography revealed a live fetus with short long bones, polydactyly in the hands and feet, a narrow thorax with short ribs, and an atrial septal defect. All bony structures were of normal hyperechogenicity. The placenta appeared normal and was located at the posterior uterine wall; the amniotic fluid volume was also normal. These findings led to the diagnosis of short-rib dysplasia, most likely ellis-van creveld syndrome. The preterm labor stopped but spontaneously recurred at 35 weeks, when a 2,320-g female infant was vaginally delivered. The infant died of pulmonary insufficiency shortly after birth. Postmortem examination confirmed the prenatal findings. We conclude that ellis-van creveld syndrome can be readily diagnosed by prenatal sonography in the third trimester.
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ranking = 1
keywords = ectodermal dysplasia, dysplasia, defect
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2/31. Ellis van Creveld syndrome (chondroectodermal dysplasia, MIM 22550) in three siblings from a non-consanguineous mating.

    The major diagnostic features of Ellis van Creveld syndrome (EvC) includes disproportionate short stature, polydactyly, ectodermal anomalies, and structural heart defects. We describe three siblings with EvC of a non-consanguineous mating. The history of these siblings well illustrate the clinical manifestations and complications that children with EvC encounter. All three girls had short stature, narrow rib cage, polydactyly and nail hypoplasia. The first daughter died in early infancy in respiratory failure. The second daughter underwent open heart surgery for atrial septal defect repair. The third daughter, diagnosed in utero with fetal ultrasonography, currently is scheduled for surgical excision of extra-digits and extraction of neonatal teeth. infant mortality rates among patients with EvC is strikingly high due primarily to cardiorespiratory failure. If they survive infancy morbidity is significant. The gene effected in individuals with EvC has recently been identified on the short arm of chromosome 4. Future testing for gene mutations may provide valuable information for premarital counseling and prenatal diagnosis. Three offspring with disproportionate short stature, polydactyly, and ectodermal dysplasia of a non-consanguineous mating, strongly indicate parental heterozygosity for Ellis van Creveld syndrome.
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ranking = 4.7858169525483
keywords = ectodermal dysplasia, dysplasia, defect
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3/31. First trimester prenatal diagnosis of chondroectodermal dysplasia (ellis-van creveld syndrome) with ultrasound.

    Chondroectodermal dysplasia (ellis-van creveld syndrome) is an autosomal recessive condition characterized by short-limb dwarfism, postaxial polydactyly, ectodermal defects, and congenital heart disease. This condition is most prevalent in the amish population of Lancaster, pennsylvania, USA, occurring in 1/5000 births and in 1/60,000 births in the general population. This report presents a case of ultrasonographic detection of chondroectodermal dysplasia at 12 weeks of gestation.
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ranking = 5.7429184577478
keywords = ectodermal dysplasia, dysplasia, defect
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4/31. ellis-van creveld syndrome: a generalized dysplasia of enchondral ossification.

    We report a 25-week fetus with lethal ellis-van creveld syndrome who was diagnosed prenatally from the US detection of a narrow chest, postaxial polydactyly of the hands, short acro-/mesomelic limbs and a ventricular septal defect. The postnatal radiographic features of the skeleton confirmed the diagnosis. literature review of the histopathology of the physeal growth plate is contradictory, varying between retardation of the hypertrophic chondrocytes without disorganization and marked disorganization of the proliferating chondrocytes. We investigated numerous sites of the enchondral ossification and observed retardation of the physeal growth plate in all sites and retardation with pronounced disorganization of the physeal growth plate in the upper mesomelic bone segments only. These data support the concept that ellis-van creveld syndrome is mainly a generalized disorder of the maturation of enchondral ossification.
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ranking = 0.17110773747917
keywords = dysplasia, defect
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5/31. Chondroectodermal dysplasia: a case report.

    Chondroectodermal Dysplasia is a disease complex consisting of bilateral manual polydactyly, chondrodysplasia of long bones resulting in acromelic dwarfism, hydroitic ectodermal dysplasia affecting principally the nails, teeth and hair and congenital heart malformations. It is necessary to identify this disease at its early stage in order to render prompt treatment. The oral manifestations are characteristic for this particular disease so that a dental surgeon can identify this condition and refer the case to a cardiologist and orthopedician for corrective surgeries. In this article, a case of a 2 1/2-year old child with chondro-ectodermal dysplasia is presented along with radiographic investigations and treatment plan.
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ranking = 5.7856401373763
keywords = ectodermal dysplasia, dysplasia
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6/31. ellis-van creveld syndrome: a report of two cases.

    ellis-van creveld syndrome (EVC) or chondroectodermal dysplasia, a rare autosomal recessive disorder, is a tetrad of chondrodysplasia, ectodermal dysplasia, polydactyly, and congenital heart disease, of which chondrodystrophy of the tubular bones is the most common feature, while central nervous system (CNS) and urinary tract anomalies are some of its rarer associations. This report describes EVC syndrome in two sisters of Indian origin, ages 8 and 6 years, the products of nonrelated, unaffected parents. The patients had chondrodysplasia of tubular bones resulting in disproportionate dwarfism, polydactyly, severely dystrophic nails, partially absent teeth, and short and bound-down upper lips with multiple frenulae. Other features noted in the girls were syndactyly and mild mitral regurgitation. All four of the classic features of EVC syndrome were present in patient 1 and three in patient 2. Additional findings were ichthyosis and plantar keratoderma in the former and absent clavicles in the latter, which have not been reported previously. The importance of prenatal diagnosis of EVC is stressed and a multidisciplinary approach for the management of these patients is highlighted.
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ranking = 1.999823184828
keywords = ectodermal dysplasia, dysplasia
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7/31. oral manifestations in ellis-van creveld syndrome: report of five cases.

    ellis-van creveld syndrome, or chondroectodermal dysplasia, is an autosomal recessive disorder with characteristic clinical manifestations. Its incidence in the general population is low. The oral manifestations of Ellis-van Creveld are found in soft tissues and teeth, but the dental literature on the subject is scarce. In the last 20 years, 5 cases of ellis-van creveld syndrome have been followed at the pediatric dentistry Service of the Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, Barcelona. The present study describes the constant and variable oral findings in these patients, which play an important role in the diagnosis criteria for the syndrome. The presence of a great variety of oral manifestations such as fusion of the upper lip to the gingival margin, presence of multiple frenula, abnormally shaped and microdontic teeth, and congenitally missing teeth requires multidisciplinary dental treatment, with consideration for the high incidence of cardiac defects in these patients.
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ranking = 0.95718991278546
keywords = ectodermal dysplasia, dysplasia, defect
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8/31. Increased first-trimester fetal nuchal translucency thickness in association with chondroectodermal dysplasia (ellis-van creveld syndrome).

    Increased nuchal translucency thickness (NT) is an established sonographic marker of fetal chromosomal abnormality. Several structural fetal defects and genetic syndromes including a range of skeletal dysplasias have been reported in association with increased NT. We report the first case of fetal ellis-van creveld syndrome presenting as raised fetal NT at 13 weeks' gestation. ultrasonography at 18 weeks' gestation demonstrated a narrow thorax, marked shortening of the long bones with bowed femora and hexadactyly of hands and feet. pregnancy was terminated at 23 weeks' gestation. The postmortem radiological examination revealed short and bowed long bones with rounded metaphyses, postaxial polydactyly of hands and feet, short ribs and narrow thorax. The acetabular roofs were horizontal with medial and lateral spurs. This case adds a further type of severe skeletal dysplasia to the list of genetic syndromes which may present as increased fetal NT in the late first trimester.
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ranking = 3.9141588066059
keywords = ectodermal dysplasia, dysplasia, defect
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9/31. Unusual pattern of inheritance and orodental changes in the ellis-van creveld syndrome.

    Ellis-van Creveld (EVC) syndrome (chondroectodermal dysplasia, mesoectodermal dysplasia, OMIM 225500) is an autosomal recessive skeletal dysplasia characterized by short limbs, short ribs, postaxial polydactyly and dysplastic nails and teeth. oral manifestations tend to be pathognomonic such as multiple broad labial frenula and congenital missing teeth. In this study we report three Egyptian families with six cases of EVC syndrome. An unusual pattern of inheritance with father to son or to daughter transmission was observed in 2 consanguineous families thus demonstrating pseudo-dominant inheritance, probably for the first time in the literature. A new consistent orodental anomaly found in all our cases was bifid tip of the tongue. We emphasize study of orodental anomalies in future cases for accurate diagnosis of ellis-van creveld syndrome and its probable differential diagnosis from Weyers acrodental dysostosis.
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ranking = 1.9570573014065
keywords = ectodermal dysplasia, dysplasia
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10/31. ellis-van creveld syndrome and dyserythropoiesis.

    Ellis-van Creveld (EVC) syndrome or chondroectodermal dysplasia is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a variable spectrum of clinical findings. Classical EVC syndrome comprises a tetrad of clinical manifestations of chondrodystrophy, polydactyly, ectodermal dysplasia, and cardiac defects. In several case reports, dysplasia involving other organs has also been identified. Hematologic abnormalities have been rarely reported in patients with EVC syndrome. Here, we report a case of a 3-year-old Hispanic boy with EVC syndrome and marked dyserythropoiesis. The dyserythropoiesis may be part of an isolated myelodysplastic change or a primary myelodysplastic syndrome and likely represents an unusual EVC syndrome association. To our knowledge, this association has not been previously reported.
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ranking = 1.9571015051995
keywords = ectodermal dysplasia, dysplasia, defect
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