Cases reported "Embolism"

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1/64. Cerebral and renal embolization after lymphography in a patient with non-Hodgkin lymphoma: case report.

    An unusual case of lipid embolization to brain and kidney after lymphography in a patient with non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the upper anterior mediastinum is reported. Contrast material-enhanced echocardiography demonstrated a right-to-left shunt to the left atrium without evidence of a patent foramen ovale. Echo contrast particles were transiently present within the tumor surrounding the great vessels.
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2/64. Intraoperative acute occlusion of aortic bifurcation during extracorporeal circulation.

    A 36-year-old male patient showed a significant decrease of arterial pressure in the lower extremities during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with extracorporeal circulation (ECC). arterial pressure measured in the femoral artery fell to 10-20 mmHg at the end of ECC, whereas in the upper extremities arterial pressure levels were normal. At the end of the surgery a complete ischemia of both lower extremities was observed. We suspected Leriche's syndrome and performed a successful aortic embolectomy through bilateral femoral arteriotomies immediately. An insufficient anticoagulation could be excluded by prolonged "activated clotting time" (ACT), therefore we presumed that the source of embolus was a small aneurysm of the left ventricle. The shape and superficial structure of the extracted embolus, which was partly covered with endocardium, confirmed our suspicion. No complications occurred throughout the postoperative period. On the 10th postoperative day, the patient left our department for postoperative rehabilitation with a normal perfusion of the lower extremities.
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3/64. Recurrent cardioembolic stroke related to late dislodgement of a right atrial pacing lead into the left atrium.

    A 76-year-old woman had a permanent transvenous DDDR pacemaker implanted for complete atrioventricular block. She was hospitalized 4 years later for recurrent transient ischaemic attacks related to dislodgment of the atrial lead into the left atrium through a patent foramen ovale. The patient was successfuly treated by transvenous extraction of the atrial lead. The follow-up has been uneventful 12 months after the procedure. Left atrially dislodged pacemaker leads have to be retracted under full anticoagulation.
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4/64. Bullet embolization to the heart. Report of a case and review of the literature on indications for removal of intracardiac foreign bodies.

    The hospital course of a young man with a bullet migration through the venous system to the right ventricle is reviewed. The intraoperative management of foreign bodies to the heart using x-ray image intensifier is employed.
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keywords = ventricle
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5/64. Delayed presentation of right ventricular bullet embolus.

    Venous bullet embolism to the heart is a rare complication of penetrating gunshot trauma. There are little data regarding long-term follow-up of missiles retained in the right ventricle. We report a rare case of right ventricular bullet embolus following a left-sided thoracic gunshot wound. The patient presented with delayed onset of cardiac irritability symptoms 4 years after injury.
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keywords = ventricle
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6/64. cerebral infarction in conjunction with patent foramen ovale and may-thurner syndrome.

    stroke patients with paradoxical embolus mandate a search for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in the lower extremities. iliac vein compression, or May-Thumer syndrome, places certain patients at risk for development of DVT. The authors present 3 stroke patients with patient foramen ovale and paradoxical cerebral embolism, with demonstrated iliac vein compression as the presumed source of their embolus. May-Thumer syndrome should be considered a potential source of clot, as definitive therapy of this disorder can be curative.
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7/64. Right ventricular needle embolus in an injecting drug user: the need for early removal.

    This case report describes an unusual cardiac complication in a 22 year old, female injecting drug user. The retention of two fractured injection needles at the site of intravenous injection in the groin, and the subsequent embolisation of one to the right ventricle, predisposed to recurrent local and systemic infections, and endocarditis. Two years later, the needle was completely embedded in the wall of the right ventricle and not suitable for transvenous removal. Removal of the retained and/or embolised needle at an earlier stage would have precluded these complications.
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keywords = ventricle
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8/64. An unusual case of birdshot embolism.

    There are numerous cases of arterial and venous bullet embolism to the heart. An unusual case of birdshot embolus to the right ventricle from the femoral vein caused diagnostic confusion. Distant migration of the foreign bodies via blood vessels has to be taken into consideration after gunshot wounds.
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keywords = ventricle
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9/64. Differential diagnosis between patent foramen ovale and pulmonary arteriovenous fistula in two patients with previous cryptogenic stroke caused by presumed paradoxical embolism.

    Development of improved devices for interventional closure of atrial septal defect and patent foramen ovale increased the number of adult patients who are being referred for transcatheter closure. We report two cases that were scheduled for patent foramen ovale closure because of a right-to-left atrial shunt detected at contrast transesophageal echocardiography in another institution and that were found to have pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas. Embolization of pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas was carried out successfully by transcatheter technique.
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10/64. Arterial embolism caused by a ruptured hydatid cyst in the heart: report of a case.

    Cardiac hydatid cysts are extremely rare and, although patients may remain asymptomatic for many years or have only minor nonspecific symptoms, they are associated with life-threatening complications. We report the case of a 32-year-old woman with an acute arterial embolism caused by a ruptured hydatid cyst in the heart. An emergency operation revealed that the embolism originated from the left cardiac chamber caused by a cyst in the left ventricle. There were also three cystic lesions in the right lung. The patient underwent surgery to remove the hydatid cysts from the right lung on the 13th day after the first operation. Her postoperative course was uneventful and she was discharged from hospital on the 27th day after admission.
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keywords = ventricle
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