Cases reported "Embolism"

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1/140. Acute neoplastic arterial embolism after pneumonectomy.

    Intra-arterial tumour embolism after pneumonectomy is a known but rare complication. It arises because of tumour involvement of pulmonary veins. Usual outcome of this complication is grave when embolism is to a major vessel. If embolism occurs in a peripheral circulation, timely intervention can avoid significant morbidity. We report a case where embolisation occurred in both the femoral arteries. Emergency embolectomy was done successfully avoiding major complication.
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ranking = 1
keywords = vein
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2/140. Arterial embolus of the lower extremity. An atypical presentation.

    Acute arterial occlusion may be caused by an embolus, thrombosis, or trauma. vascular diseases can involve complications not limited to vascular-related areas and may require a multidisciplinary approach to diagnosis and treatment. An overview of acute arterial occlusion is presented, as well as a case study of an atypical presentation of an arterial embolus of the lower extremity.
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ranking = 17.904524517187
keywords = thrombosis
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3/140. Sequential retroperitoneal venous hemorrhage and embolism of an angio-seal puncture closure device complicating iliac artery angioplasty.

    PURPOSE: To present a case of iatrogenic puncture closure device embolization complicating surgery for retroperitoneal hemorrhage (RPH) secondary to angioplasty-induced common iliac vein trauma. methods AND RESULTS: A 78-year-old woman with rest pain underwent successful kissing balloon dilation of her aortoiliac bifurcation for a calcified ostial stenosis of the left common iliac artery. Hemostatic puncture closure devices (Angio-Seal) were used to secure both femoral punctures. A right-sided retroperitoneal hematoma developed, and during surgical exploration of the right groin, the Angio-Seal device was removed. The only bleeding site found was the external iliac artery puncture and it was repaired. She again became hypovolemic 18 hours later and was returned to surgery, where bilateral groin explorations and laparotomy by the vascular surgical team found a tear in the left common iliac vein. After repair, the patient was stable for 48 hours when the left leg became critically ischemic. angiography detected a new high-grade stenosis in the left profunda femoris artery; embolectomy retrieved a footplate from the left puncture closure device. The patient died 11 days later from multiorgan failure. CONCLUSIONS: RPH should be considered early as an occult cause of hypovolemic shock developing soon after even technically straightforward iliac angioplasty. Interventionists should be aware that using the Angio-Seal device risks acute limb ischemia if footplate embolization occurs.
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ranking = 2
keywords = vein
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4/140. death during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and the medicolegal aspects.

    Coronary embolisation is a very rare complication of the clinically widespread method of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). The well-documented case of a 64-year-old male patient is presented comparing angiographic and morphological findings. The occluded left anterior descending artery (LAD) was successfully dilated during PTCA. Simultaneously the circumflex artery showed acute occlusion. The patient fell into cardiac shock and died after attempted resuscitation and agonal installation of extracorporeal circulation. The autopsy revealed severe residual stenosis of the proximal LAD by parietal thrombosis and occlusion of the proximal circumflex artery by an unattached intraluminal thrombus (0.8 x 0.3 x 0.2 cm) which had been dislocated during PTCA. autopsy thus confirmed the clinical presumption of coronary embolism and, in addition, disclosed a previously unknown perforation of the femoral artery which had occurred during agonal installation of extracorporeal circulation and contributed to death via severe retroperitoneal hemorrhage. The case is discussed under the aspects of clinical quality control by forensic pathological investigations.
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ranking = 17.904524517187
keywords = thrombosis
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5/140. Disconnection of a venous Port-A-Cath followed by embolization after saline flush: rare case report.

    A 77-year-old man presented with painful swelling of his Port-A-Cath insertion site soon after flushing with normal saline. No discomfort or abnormality was found during the saline flush. A chest roentgenogram showed that the disconnected catheter had separated from the disc and was absent from its original location. The disconnected catheter was found embolized, by chest roentgenogram and CT scan, to the right atrium and hepatic vein. The patient was treated successfully with an X-ray guided extraction of the catheter. The possibility of catheter disconnection with embolization should be considered and a chest roentgenogram performed immediately in cases of rapid swelling of subcutaneous tissue around the port chamber after fluid infusion.
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ranking = 1
keywords = vein
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6/140. Hypothenar hammer syndrome: management of distal embolization by intra-arterial fibrinolytics.

    We report a case of hypothenar hammer syndrome. The ulnar artery aneurysm was resected and a complete thrombectomy of the superficial palmar arch, the common digital and the proximal part of the collateral digital arteries was carried out. The arterial defect of the ulnar artery was repaired by a vein graft. Post-operatively, no clinical improvement was observed on the vascularisation of the second and third fingers. The arteriogram confirmed the presence of arterial obstruction on the distal part of the digital collateral arteries of this two fingers. The finger pulp started to show areas of skin gangrene and in view of the risk of finger necrosis, we decided to use fibrinolytics. This embolic events was dissolved by continuous fibrinolytic and anticoagulant intra-arterial infusion. The treatment was maintained for ten days restoring a normal digital vascularisation.
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ranking = 1
keywords = vein
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7/140. Ventricular thrombosis and systemic embolism in bodybuilders: etiology and management.

    Increased thrombogenicity and acute embolism are well-recognized complications of chronic anabolic steroid abuse. The following cases highlight such dangers in steroid-enhanced bodybuilders who developed intracardiac thrombosis that subsequently embolized. Systemic anticoagulation and surgical thrombectomy constituted the mainstay treatment. This represents the first report of such devastating cardiovascular complications after anabolic steroid abuse and their management.
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ranking = 89.522622585935
keywords = thrombosis
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8/140. balloon occlusion and transluminal aspiration of saphenous vein grafts to prevent distal embolization.

    Distal embolization is a common complication of percutaneous intervention in saphenous vein grafts. This may lead to the "no reflow" phenomenon and subsequent myocardial infarction. We describe a case in which we occluded the distal portion of a saphenous vein graft with a balloon to prevent distal embolization, performed percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, and then successfully aspirated the particulate debris with a Dorros/Probing catheter.
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ranking = 6
keywords = vein
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9/140. Anticoagulation and microembolus detection in a case of internal carotid artery dissection.

    BACKGROUND: Microembolic signals (MES) have been demonstrated by transcranial Doppler (TCD) in cases of internal carotid artery dissection. The influence of treatment on MES in arterial dissection is uncertain. The authors here present a case of internal carotid artery dissection in which we detected a reduction of MES after the initiation of intravenous heparin. methods: A 37-year-old woman developed a right temporal headache 10 days prior to admission. This was followed by episodes of left arm numbness and weakness. magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a right frontal and deep subcortical ischemic infarct. Catheter angiography confirmed a right internal carotid artery dissection with intracranial extension. She was then monitored with TCD for MES before and after intravenous heparin was started. RESULTS: The first TCD, performed 12 days after symptom onset, showed 39 MES during 60 minutes of insonation of the right middle cerebral artery. Treatment with intravenous heparin resulted in a decline in MES by 50% after 96 hours. This decline continued and no further MES were detected after 11 days of anticoagulation. CONCLUSION: The authors were able to demonstrate a decline of MES with heparin anticoagulation in a case of internal carotid artery dissection.
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ranking = 0.030098585218802
keywords = deep
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10/140. Thrombotic formations within the aortic arch as source of embolization in patients with coagulopathia.

    Thrombotic formations on atherosclerotic lesions of the thoracic aorta are potential sources of cerebral and systemic embolization. Especially younger patients without calcifications of atherosclerotic plaques or coagulation disorders have a higher risk for embolization. magnetic resonance imaging and transesophageal echocardiography are the diagnostic methods of choice. As an alternative to anticoagulation surgical therapy is indicated to prevent severe brain damage or multiorgan failure in patients with mobile thrombotic formations. Herein we describe two patients in whom successful surgical treatment was performed in deep hypothermic circulatory arrest by excision of the aortic arch atheroma.
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ranking = 0.030098585218802
keywords = deep
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