Cases reported "Emphysema"

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11/24. indium-111 WBC detection of emphysematous gastritis in pancreatitis.

    We present a case of emphysematous gastritis initially detected with 111In oxine-labeled white blood cell scintigraphy and subsequently confirmed by computed tomography. Early aggressive antibiotic and supportive therapy resulted in a successful clinical outcome.
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keywords = gastritis
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12/24. Emphysematous gastritis: case report and review.

    Emphysematous gastritis is a condition involving gastric wall inflammation, radiologic or intraoperative evidence of intramural gas, and systemic toxicity. A recent case of emphysematous gastritis in a 57-year-old diabetic man is reported, and 27 cases published since 1889 are reviewed. Predisposing factors include ingestion of corrosive substances (37%) and alcohol abuse (22%). diagnosis of emphysematous gastritis is based on the clinical presentation of an acute abdomen with systemic toxicity and on radiographs demonstrating gas bubbles within the stomach wall. For the case reported herein, computed tomography was useful both in establishing the diagnosis and in following the resolution of emphysematous gastritis. Organisms most commonly involved were escherichia coli (six cases), streptococcus species (six cases), enterobacter species (five cases), and pseudomonas aeruginosa (three cases). The mortality was 61% (17 of 28 patients), and morbidity with gastric contractures occurred in 21% of cases (6 of 28). Optimal therapy has not been defined; however, antimicrobial chemotherapy and surgery, when appropriate, may improve survival rates.
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13/24. CT of emphysematous gastritis.

    Emphysematous gastritis is a serious, often fatal condition. It is the result of destruction of the mucosal membrane with subsequent bacterial invasion of the stomach. We have encountered two cases at CT. Recognition is important since early intervention may be lifesaving.
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14/24. Interstitial emphysema of the stomach due to perforated appendicitis.

    There are three recognised variations of gas within the wall of the stomach (interstitial emphysema, cystic pneumatosis and emphysematous gastritis). Only 26 cases of interstitial emphysema have been described, with an overall mortality of 42%, and we report the first known case of this rare phenomenon associated with acute appendicitis. A description of the clinical and radiological features of these three types of intramural stomach gas is presented and the literature pertinent to interstitial emphysema is reviewed.
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keywords = gastritis
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15/24. Emphysematous gastritis after acute pancreatitis.

    A case of emphysematous gastritis associated with extensive gastric infarction after acute pancreatitis and acute renal failure is described. This complication was diagnosed on a plain abdominal radiograph and confirmed endoscopically. Extensive gastric and hepatic infarction was seen at necropsy.
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keywords = gastritis
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16/24. Computed tomography of emphysematous gastritis.

    Emphysematous gastritis is a rare entity and only 31 cases have been reported. We describe a case that was diagnosed by CT. To our knowledge the CT appearance of this serious disease has not been described previously.
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17/24. Emphysematous gastritis and gastric perforation. An unusual manifestation of alkaline corrosive ingestion.

    The stomach is usually not affected in cases of alkaline corrosive ingestion, being protected by its acid content. With large amounts of alkali ingestion there may be gastric necrosis leading to early perforation. We report a case of alkali ingestion with two unusual findings: emphysematous gastritis and late perforation.
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18/24. Isolated emphysematous gastritis in an infant.

    A case of isolated emphysematous gastritis in a full-term infant, which is the fifth so far in the medical literature, is described. Predisposing factors, mode of treatment, and sequelae differ from the rare adult form of this disease. Of special interest are malnutrition as a predisposing factor in the development of this disease in infants and the very important role of intravenous hyperalimentation in its successful treatment.
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keywords = gastritis
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19/24. Emphysematous gastritis in an immunocompromised host.

    Emphysematous gastritis is a rare, often lethal condition of gastric mural inflammation and gaseous dissection. infection with gas-forming organisms is the most frequently cited cause. In all previously reported patients, the clinical presentation was dramatic. We report on an immunocompromised host who had a surprisingly subtle clinical presentation.
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20/24. A fatal case of emphysematous gastritis and esophagitis.

    Emphysematous gastritis is a rare form of infectious gastritis characterized by intramural gas production by gas forming organisms. We report a fatal case of this disorder with involvement of both stomach and esophagus in a 76 yr old man who had a past history of alcohol abuse, and whose recent therapy included nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents.
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ranking = 1.2
keywords = gastritis
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