Cases reported "emphysema"

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1/493. Bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis caused by candida infection.

    Emphysematous pyelonephritis is a rare, often severe infection of one or both kidneys that is most often caused by bacterial infection. Surgical intervention is often necessary. We describe a case of a diabetic patient with bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis caused by candida infection that was treated conservatively. Renal function recovered almost completely in spite of giving a potential nephrotoxic drug for 6 weeks. ( info)

2/493. love songs.

    The demands of medical technology, of tubes and meds, often overshadow the caring and giving that are the very core of nursing. patients like Alice--and her husband--help reaffirm the values that led me into the profession. ( info)

3/493. Pneumatocele of the orbit.

    PURPOSE: To describe an uncommon sinus condition that can cause proptosis. methods: Intermittent unilateral proptosis and diplopia developed in a 29-year-old man. Computed tomography showed an enlarged frontal sinus with erosion of the floor of the sinus and air in the orbit. RESULTS: Endoscopic ethmoidectomy and frontal sinusotomy corrected an outlet check valve of the nasal frontal duct and eliminated the proptosis. CONCLUSION: Pneumatocele of the orbit is an uncommon cause of proptosis and diplopia and can be corrected with endoscopic sinus surgery. ( info)

4/493. Mediastinal and subcutaneous emphysema in labor.

    The recent world literature on mediastinal emphysema has been reviewed and two cases added. This condition is relatively benign, and the supportive treatment is discussed. Subsequent pregnancies have been uncomplicated. ( info)

5/493. Two forms of cutis laxa presenting in the newborn period.

    Two infants are described with congenital cutis laxa. They represent two distinct disorders. In the first, congenital cutis laxa is associated with a generalized disorder of elastic tissue in which there may be diaphragmatic or other hernias, diverticula of the gastrointestinal or urinary tract and infantile emphysema. The disease is fatal often within the first year. In the second, congenital cutis laxa is associated with widely patent anterior fontanel, a variety of malformations, and retarded growth and development. Recognition of these distinct syndromes in the newborn period and their recessive inheritance permit realistic discussion of the prognosis which is very different from the benign dominant forms of cutis laxa. ( info)

6/493. Radicular acute pain after epidural anaesthesia with the technique of loss of resistance with normal saline solution.

    Epidural anaesthesia using the loss of resistance to saline technique, without air, was successfully performed in a 65-year-old man scheduled for elective vascular surgery of the right leg. Epidural catheterisation was uneventful. Fifteen minutes after the initial dose of plain 0.5% bupivacaine, the patient experienced severe pain in his lower abdomen and legs which coincided with a supplementary injection of 2 ml bupivacaine and 50 microgram fentanyl, and a change from the lateral to the supine position. General anaesthesia was induced and CT and MRI scans were performed showing trapped air in the epidural space at the L4 level causing compression of the thecal sac. After excluding other causes, the spontaneous entry of air through the Tuohy needle was thought to be the most likely explanation for this complication. The patient recovered uneventfully. ( info)

7/493. Gas in the bile ducts (pneumobilia) in emphysematous cholecystitis.

    Gas in the biliary ducts (pneumobilia) was demonstrated in three cases of emphysematous cholecystitis. Pneumobilia is usually secondary to a spontaneous internal biliary fistula or incompetent sphincter of oddi, and is rarely considered a manifestation of emphysematous cholecystitis. The presence of gas in the biliary ducts in these cases suggests that the cystic duct is patent, allowing gas to escape from the gallbladder lumen. The pathophysiology of emphysematous cholecystitis is discussed and an ischemic etiology considered. ( info)

8/493. Ectopic thymic tissue: a cause of emphysema in infants.

    Ectopic thymic tissue can present a diagnostic dilemma when it is located in the posterior mediastinum. The diagnosis can be made by awareness of it and by use of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Rarely, ectopic thymus are reported to cause airway obstruction. In infants ectopic thymic tissue should also be considered in the differential diagnosis of secondary pneumonias and emphysema especially located in the upper lung zones. ( info)

9/493. Percutaneous drainage of emphysematous cholecystitis associated with pneumoperitoneum.

    emphysematous cholecystitis, a relatively rare variant of acute cholecystitis, is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. In the presence of a concomitant pneumoperitoneum, these rates may be considered even higher, approaching those of perforation of the gallbladder. The first choice of treatment in cases presenting with pneumoperitoneum is emergency laparotomy. We performed a staged procedure as a second best alternative. In a 65 year-old female patient, initial percutaneous cholecystostomy with a strict intravenous antibiotics regimen, and subsequent cholecystectomy 6 months, later was carried out with successful outcome. A review of the literature revealed 13 other cases of this combination. Treatment modalities and outcome of these patients are discussed. ( info)

10/493. hyperbaric oxygenation as adjuvant therapy to surgery of emphysematous cholecystitis.

    Three cases of emphysematous cholecystitis are presented. The role of hyperbaric oxygenation as excellent adjuvant therapy to urgent surgical as well as intensive conservative treatment is emphasized. ( info)
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