Cases reported "Empyema, Pleural"

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1/246. Treatment for empyema with bronchopleural fistulas using endobronchial occlusion coils: report of a case.

    We report herein the case of a woman with bronchopleural fistulas treated with the endobronchial placement of vascular embolization coils. She was referred to our hospital to undergo lavage of a postoperative empyema. She had undergone an air plombage operation for pulmonary tuberculosis 9 years previously. However, bronchopleural fistulas occurred postoperatively and she had to continue the use of a chest drainage tube since then. Lavage of her empyema space with 5kE of OK-432 (picibanil: Chugai) plus 100 mg minocycline was performed once every 2 weeks for 3 months, and the purulent discharge from the empyema remarkably decreased. Thereafter, the bronchopleural fistulas were occluded endobronchially by the placement of vascular embolization coils. Soon after the procedure, air leakage from the fistulas was stopped and the drainage tube was removed 2 days later. The patient remains well without any additional treatment at 20 months after this treatment. As treatment for empyema with bronchopleural fistulas, it would be worth trying to lavage the empyema space with OK-432 until it is cleaned out and to plug the fistulas by the endobronchial placement of embolization coils, before such radical operations as thoracoplasty and space-filling of the empyema are considered. ( info)

2/246. Idiopathic CD4 T lymphocytopenia disclosed by the onset of empyema thoracis.

    A 56-year-old man was admitted to our hospital in December 1996 due to empyema thoracis. A laboratory examination revealed lymphocytopenia and CD4 T lymphocytopenia (<300 cells/ microl). No evidence for a human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) infection was found. No malignant, hematological or autoimmune disease was detected. We thus diagnosed this case as being idiopathic CD4 T lymphocytopenia (ICL). During his hospital treatment, he was affected with cytomegaloviral retinitis and cured by therapy. His subsequent treatment went well without a recurrence of severe infection although a low CD4 T lymphocyte count continued after the recovery from empyema thoracis. ( info)

3/246. arcanobacterium haemolyticum and mycoplasma pneumoniae co-infection.

    Systemic infection caused by arcanobacterium haemolyticum is uncommon. We report a case of empyema and bacteraemia caused by this organism concomitant with mycoplasma pneumoniae infection. ( info)

4/246. Microvascular vastus lateralis muscle flap for chronic empyema associated with a large cavity.

    Thoracic empyema can be disabling and may need microvascular free flaps in some intractable cases. After repeated failure of conventional thoracic surgical procedures, 2 patients with empyema were treated with microvascular free vastus lateralis muscle flaps for obliteration of the large empyema cavity. The reconstruction was successful in wound closure and eradication of infection. The donor site morbidity was minimal, and the patients resumed normal daily activities. Microvascular vastus lateralis muscle flap is the best option if free flaps are required for reconstruction of empyema. ( info)

5/246. Thoracic blastomycosis and empyema.

    blastomycosis is endemic in river valley areas of the southeastern and midwestern united states. Pulmonary manifestations include chronic cough and pleuritic pain. Radiographic appearance of the infection can mimic bronchogenic lung carcinoma. pleural effusion is rarely associated with this pulmonary infection, and empyema has not been previously reported. We report a case of pulmonary and pleural blastomyces dermatitidis infection presenting as empyema thoracis. diagnosis and treatment were attained with video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) pleural and lung biopsy and debridement. ( info)

6/246. Spontaneous tension pneumopericardium complicating staphylococcal pneumonia.

    The authors describe a patient with spontaneous pneumopericardium complicating staphylococcal pneumonia and empyema that resulted in cardiac tamponade. Spontaneous pneumopericardium is an unusual disorder. The causes and clinical findings of pneumopericardium are reviewed, as are the radiographic features that differentiate this condition from pneumomediastinum. Early recognition of pneumopericardium is important, because emergent pericardiocentesis may be required if there is clinical evidence of tamponade. ( info)

7/246. Cholelithoptysis and pleural empyema.

    We report a case of delayed cholelithoptysis and pleural empyema caused by gallstone spillage at the time of laparoscopic cholecystecomy. An occult subphrenic abscess developed, and the patient became symptomatic only after trans-diaphragmatic penetration occurred. This resulted in expectoration of bile, gallstones, and pus. Spontaneous decompression of the empyema occurred because of a peritoneo-pleuro-bronchial fistula. This is the first case of such managed nonoperatively and provides support for the importance of intraoperative retrieval of spilled gallstones at the time of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. ( info)

8/246. Bronchoscopic sclerotherapy combined with thoracoscopic drainage for postpneumonectomy bronchial fistula and empyema.

    A postpneumonectomy bronchial fistula is a very morbid complication that often requires major surgical procedures for treatment. Since patients with postpneumonectomy bronchial fistula and empyema are physiologically compromised, corrective surgical interventions pose considerable risk. We report a case of a postpneumonectomy fistula with an associated empyema. Our patient's empyema was treated with thoracoscopic debridement and antibiotic instillation (modification of the Clagett procedure). Bronchoscopic and thoracoscopic treatment strategies that are appropriate for selected patients with postpneumonectomy bronchial fistula and empyema are discussed. ( info)

9/246. Pleural empyema: An unusual presentation of esophageal perforation.

    A 67-year-old patient presented with pleural empyema as the sole manifestation of thoracic esophageal perforation, 2 weeks after accidental fish bone ingestion. Nonspecific chest pain and general deterioration, unusual presenting symptoms in themselves, accounted for the extreme delay in the diagnosis. The empyema was treated surgically, and the esophageal perforation conservatively. Despite the poor prognostic factors, the patient recovered completely after 50 days in hospital. ( info)

10/246. Non-surgical treatment of purulent pericarditis, due to non-encapsulated haemophilus influenzae, in an immunocompromised patient.

    A 59-year-old woman suffering from rheumatoid arthritis was admitted with pleural empyema and pericarditis due to non-encapsulated H. influenzae, and developed signs of cardiac tamponade. Purulent pericarditis resolved after ultrasound-guided percutaneous aspiration and systemic antimicrobial therapy. Serial echocardiographic examinations showed a slowly vanishing effusion. Long term follow-up revealed no evidence of pericardial constriction. This case illustrates that life-threatening purulent pericarditis in an immunocompromised patient may respond well to non-surgical treatment. ( info)
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